|Director of the United States|
|United States Marshals Service|
|Reports to||United States Attorney General|
|Seat||Crystal City, Arlington, Virginia|
with Senate advice and consent
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Constituting instrument||28 U.S.C. § 561|
|Formation||December 20, 1957|
|First holder||Clive W. Palmer|
|Salary||Executive Schedule, level IV|
The director of the United States Marshals Service, abbreviated USMS director, is the head and chief executive of the United States Marshals Service (USMS). The director oversees and manages the Marshals Service and directly superintends the various United States Marshals, which are responsible for all USMS operations within a federal judicial district. The director was originally referred to as "Chief United States Marshal" from 1957 to 1970.
The director of the Marshals Service is appointed by the President of the United States, with the advice and consent of the United States Senate. The director reports to the United States Attorney General.
28 U.S.C. § 561 establishes the United States Marshals Service, abbreviated USMS, as a "bureau" of the U.S. Department of Justice and puts a director at its head. The director – like any other high-ranking executive branch officer – is directly appointed by the president, with the advice and consent of the Senate, and serves under the authority and control of the United States Attorney General.
The director is responsible for the supervision and direction of the Marshals Service "in the performance of its duties". Since all the United States Marshals are officers of the USMS, they are subordinate to its director. Additionally, the director may exercise any functions delegated to them by the Attorney General.
28 U.S.C. § 561 mandates the director to consult with the Judicial Conference of the United States on a continuing basis to discuss the security requirements of the federal judiciary. This provision exists to ensure that views of the judiciary are taken into account when it comes to staff assignments, policy priorities, resource allocation, and "judicial security" in general, which includes the defense of federal courthouses and other buildings accommodating the judiciary, as well as the personal safety of, and the assessment of threats made to, judicial officers, and the protection of all other judicial personnel.
Furthermore, chapter 37 of the U.S. Code empowers the director to designate the stations and offices of the U.S. Marshals, appoint complementary personnel and fix their compensation, and administer oaths and take affirmations of officers and employees of the Marshals Service.
|Nr.||Portrait||Name||Entered office||Left office[a]|
|Chief United States Marshals (1957–1970)|
|1||Clive W. Palmer[b]||December 20, 1957||June 21, 1962|
|2||James J. P. McShane[c]||June 21, 1962||March 5, 1969|
|3||Carl Turner[d]||March 5, 1969||January 16, 1970|
|Directors of the Marshals Service (1970–present)|
|1||Wayne B. Colburn||January 16, 1970||May 23, 1976|
|2||William E. Hall||May 23, 1976||October 23, 1983|
|3||Stanley E. Morris||October 23, 1983||November 6, 1989|
|4||Kevin Michael Moore||November 6, 1989||February 24, 1992|
|5||Henry E. Hudson||February 24, 1992||August 12, 1992|
|August 12, 1992||October 17, 1993|
|–||John J. Twomey||October 17, 1993||November 18, 1993|
|6||Eduardo Gonzalez||November 18, 1993||June 21, 1999|
|–||George Ray Havens||June 21, 1999||November 17, 1999|
|7||John W. Marshall||November 17, 1999||January 21, 2001|
|–||Louie McKinney||January 21, 2001||October 30, 2001|
|8||Benigno G. Reyna||October 30, 2001||August 1, 2005|
|9||John F. Clark||August 1, 2005||March 17, 2006|
|March 17, 2006||December 31, 2010|
|10||Stacia A. Hylton||December 31, 2010||July 26, 2015|
|–||David Harlow||July 26, 2015||January 4, 2018|
|–||David Anderson[e]||January 4, 2018||March 29, 2019|
|11||Donald W. Washington||March 29, 2019||September 27, 2021|
|12||Ronald L. Davis||September 27, 2021||Present|
The deputy director of the Marshals Service is the principal deputy to the director. The deputy director oversees the chief of district affairs and the Office of Professional Responsibility.
The associate director for operations is the chief operating officer of the Marshals Service. The associate director oversees the Investigative Operations Division, Judicial Security Division, Tactical Operations Division, Justice Prisoner and Alien Transportation System, Witness Security Division, and the Prisoner Operations Division.
The associate director for administration oversees the Training Division, Human Resources Division, Information Technology Division, Office of Public and Congressional Affairs, Management Support Division, Asset Forfeiture Division.
...There shall be at the head of the United States Marshals Service (hereafter in this chapter referred to as the “Service”) a Director...
(g) The Director shall supervise and direct the United States Marshals Service in the performance of its duties.
...Each United States marshal shall be an official of the Service and shall serve under the direction of the Director.
...Director Washington directs a force of more than 5,000 operational and administrative employees spanning 94 districts...