Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance
Direktorat Jenderal Pengawasan Sumber Daya Kelautan dan Perikanan
Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance Racing Stripe
Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance Racing Stripe
Logo of the Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance
Logo of the Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance
AbbreviationPSDKP
MottoNusantara Lestari Jaya
"To protect the glorious Nusantara"
Agency overview
Formed23 November 2000
EmployeesClassified
Jurisdictional structure
National agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
Indonesia
Operations jurisdictionIndonesia
Legal jurisdictionIndonesian Maritime Zone
Governing bodyGovernment of Indonesia
Constituting instrument
  • Kepres Nomor 165 Tahun 2000[1]
Specialist jurisdiction
  • Coastal patrol, marine border protection, marine search and rescue.
Operational structure
HeadquartersJalan Medan Merdeka Timur No. 16, Jakarta Pusat, Jakarta
Elected officer responsible
Agency executive
Parent agencyMinistry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries
Website
djpsdkp.kkp.go.id

The Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance (Indonesian: Direktorat Jenderal Pengawasan Sumber Daya Kelautan dan Perikanan - PSDKP) is a government agency under the management of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of Indonesia. Formally established on 23 November 2000 according to Presidential Decree No. 165/2000, the PSDKP is the agency responsible for supervising the marine and fishery resources of the Republic of Indonesia. The main mission of PSDKP is the prevention of Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in Indonesian waters, which has caused a substantial loss for Indonesia's fishing industry. In its mission to prevent illegal fishing, PSDKP has conducted joint-operations with the Indonesian Navy, Water Police, Sea and Coast Guard, the Maritime Security Agency and Customs. PSDKP is however is not associated with these agencies.

Background

Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing activities in Indonesian waters have caused huge losses for Indonesia. Overfishing, overcapacity, threats to the preservation of fish resources, unfavorable fishery business climate, the weakening of the competitiveness of firms and the marginalization of fishermen are the real impact of illegal fishing and destructive fishing activities. Another disadvantage that can not be assessed materially but is strongly related to the national pride, is the negative image of the Indonesian nation among the international community because it is considered not able to manage marine and fishery resources properly.[3]

Task and Function

Based on Presidential Regulation No. 63/ 2015 on the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries and Regulation of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries No. 48/PERMEN-KP/2020 on the Organization and Working Procedures of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, PSDKP's primary task formulation and execution of marin and fisheries management. Its function are as follows:[4][5]

The legal basis for PSDKP in carrying out its task are as follows:

In addition, supervision of marine and fishery resources is also mandated by the following international conventions:

Organisation

PSDKP is an Echelon I Unit under the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries. PSDKP is also coordinate with other unit within Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries in performing its duties.[5][3]

Technical Execution Unit

The Technical Execution Unit (UPT) of PSDKP was established based on the Decree of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries No.33/PERMEN-K /2016 on the Organization and Working Procedures of the Technical Execution Unit in the Field of Marine and Fishery Resources Control. In accordance with the Ministerial Regulation, UPT PSDKP is tasked for execution of supervision of marine and fishery resources based on the prevailing laws and regulations.[3]

The UPT PSDKP is categorized into 2 (two), which are Marine and Fishery Resource Base (Echelon II Equivalent Working Unit) and Marine and Fishery Resource Control Station (Echelon IVA equivalent Working Unit). 14 UPTs have been formed:[3]

UPT PSDKP is also supported by the Working Unit (Satuan Kerja/ Satker) PSDKP and PSDKP office spread throughout the territory of Indonesia. To date, 58 Working units and 142 PSDKP offices have been formed.

Equipment

A patrol boat belonging to the Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance
A patrol boat belonging to the Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance

Manpower

The total number of civil servants in the environment of PSDKP until 2012 is 904 persons, consisting of structural officials, functional Officials, supervisor and operator.[3]

Vessel Monitoring System (VMS)

VMS is the application of information technology which is one form of surveillance system in the field of fishing and / or transporting of fish, which uses the fishing equipment monitoring equipment that has been determined. VMs Executions are implemented through the installation of transmitters on fishing vessels so that their movements can be monitored when performing fishing operations (ship position, velocity of vessel, track lane, and the occurrence of fishing activities indicated to be infringing). Policies related to VMs continue to be updated in line with the strategic development of the fisheries sector and the development of monitoring technology.[3]

To further optimize the function of VMS, PSDKP is designing an integrated system (Integrated Surveillance System / ISS) which is done by overlaying VMS data with data obtained through other monitoring means such as coastal radar (Coastal Radar) and Marine Surveillance Aircraft MSA).[3]

Vessels

Surveillance vessels and speed boat function are to carry out supervision and law enforcement in the field of fisheries. As of August 2016, PSDKP has 124 surveillance vessels and speed boat, which consist of:[3]

  1. 4 units of type 60 m surveillance vessel
  2. 2 units of type 42 m surveillance vessel
  3. 1 units of type 39.5 m surveillance vessel
  4. 6 units of type 36 m surveillance vessel
  5. 5 units of type 32 m surveillance vessel
  6. 10 units of type 28 m surveillance vessel
  7. 2 units of type 23 m surveillance vessel
  8. 2 units of type 18 m surveillance vessel
  9. 2 units of type 17 m surveillance vessel
  10. 1 units of type 15.5 m surveillance vessel.
  11. 89 units of speed boat

Cooperation with other agencies

The Indonesia-Australia Fisheries Surveillance Forum (IAFSF) is part of the Indonesia-Australia Ministerial Forum (IAMF) dedicated to cooperation in the supervision of the SDKP, including the cooperation of illegal fishing in the border waters of both countries. In May 2021 a joint maritime patrol called Operation Gannet 5 is conducted within the framework of IAFSF.[6]

It is a regional initiative initiated by Indonesia-Australia and agreed by 11 countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Timor Leste, Australia and Papua New Guinea. The goal is to realize responsible fishing activities including the IUU Fishing in the area of cooperation. This cooperation has been inaugurated by Indonesia and Australia since 2007, Indonesia has become the RPOA Secretariat.[7]

References

  1. ^ "Sejarah KKP". kkp.go.id. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  2. ^ Ismoyo, Bambang (16 August 2021). Gunawan, Hendra (ed.). "Adin Nurawaluddin Ditunjuk Jadi Dirjen KKP, Ini Tugas-tugas Dari Menteri Trenggono". Tribun (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Profil PSDKP". kkp.go.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  4. ^ "Peraturan Presiden RI Nomor 63 Tahun 2015 tentang Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan". Presidential Decree No. 63 of 2015 (in Indonesian). President of Indonesia.
  5. ^ a b "Peraturan Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan Nomor 48/PERMEN-KP/2020". Ministerial Decree No. 48 of 2020 (in Indonesian). Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries.
  6. ^ "Indonesia, Australia Agree to Conduct Joint Operation against Illegal Fishing". medcom.id. 24 May 2021. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  7. ^ Pradana, Rio Sandy (7 August 2021). "KKP Gandeng Lembaga Regional Berantas IUU Fishing". bisnis.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 September 2021.