Districts (Malay: daerah) are the principal administrative divisions of Brunei. The country is divided into four districts, namely Brunei-Muara, Belait, Tutong and Temburong. Temburong is an exclave; it is physically separated from the three other districts by the Brunei Bay and Malaysian state of Sarawak. Each district has a town as its administrative and main economic centre, with the exception of Brunei-Muara, where the principal centre is Bandar Seri Begawan, a city and the country's capital.

History

The country previously had six districts, namely Brunei, Muara, Limau Manis (also known as Ulu Brunei), Tutong, Belait and Temburong.[1] In 1908 Brunei and Limau Manis were merged, and in 1938 the districts were restructured to form the present-day four districts.[1]

Administration

Each district is administered by a District Office (Jabatan Daerah), where District Offices are government departments under the Ministry of Home Affairs. The head of each department is a District Officer (Pegawai Daerah) and appointed by the government.[2]

A district is further divided into mukims, and subsequently each mukim consists of several villages (kampung). Each District Office manages the mukims and villages within its district.

The districts

Districts of Brunei
Districts of Brunei
District Capital Population
(2016 census)[3]
Area
(km2)
Area
(sq mi)
Population
density (km2)
No. of
mukims
Brunei-Muara Bandar Seri Begawan
(also the capital of Brunei)
289,630 571 220 507 18
Belait Kuala Belait 69,062 2,727 1,053 25 8
Tutong Pekan Tutong 48,313 1,166 450 41 8
Temburong Pekan Bangar 10,251 1,306 504 8 5

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Jabatan Muzium-Muzium Brunei 2004, p. 1.
  2. ^ "Brunei Darussalam" (PDF). www.information.gov.bn. p. 44. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  3. ^ "Department of Economic Planning and Statistics - Population". www.deps.gov.bn. Retrieved 4 August 2021.