|ولايت ديار بكر|
Vilâyet-i Diyâr-ı Bekr
|Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire|
The Diyâr-ı Bekr Vilayet in 1892
|Today part of|| Turkey|
The Vilayet of Diyâr-ı Bekr (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت ديار بكر, Vilâyet-i Diyarbakır) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, wholly located within what is now modern Turkey. The vilayet extended south from Palu on the Euphrates to Mardin and Nusaybin on the edge of the Mesopotamian plain. After the establishment of Republic of Turkey in 1923, the region was incorporated into the newly created state.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Diyarbekir Vilayet reportedly had an area of 18,074 square miles (46,810 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 471,462. The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.
The Vilayet of Diyarbakir was created in 1867. In 1867 or 1868 Mamuret-ul-Aziz and the Kurdistan Eyalet merged with and joined the Vilayet of Diyarbakir. In 1879–80 Mamuret-ul-Aziz was separated again from the Vilayet of Diyarbakir, and turned into the Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz. It was one of the six Armenian Vilayets of the Empire.
Sanjaks of the vilayet:
The Vilayet was a place in which the Christian population was systematically massacred during World War I during the 1915 genocide in Diyarbekir.
|Denomination||Prewar population||Postwar population||Disappeared|
|Armenian Apostolic Church||60,000||2,000||58,000 (97%)|
|Armenian Catholic Church||12,500||1,000||11,500 (92%)|
|Chaldean Catholic Church||11,120||1,110||10,010 (90%)|
|Syriac Catholic Church||5,600||2,150||3,450 (62%)|
|Syriac Orthodox Church||84,725||24,000||60,725 (72%)|