Adrenic acid
Preferred IUPAC name
(7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z)-Docosa-7,10,13,16-tetraenoic acid
3D model (JSmol)
  • InChI=1S/C22H36O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-21-22(23)24/h6-7,9-10,12-13,15-16H,2-5,8,11,14,17-21H2,1H3,(H,23,24)/b7-6-,10-9-,13-12-,16-15- ☒N
  • InChI=1/C22H36O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-21-22(23)24/h6-7,9-10,12-13,15-16H,2-5,8,11,14,17-21H2,1H3,(H,23,24)/b7-6-,10-9-,13-12-,16-15-
Molar mass 332.5 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Docosatetraenoic acid designates any straight chain 22:4 fatty acid. (See Essential fatty acid for nomenclature.)

One isomer is of particular interest:

See also


  1. ^ Martinez M (1992). "Tissue levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids during early human development". J Pediatr. 120 (4 Pt 2): S129–38. doi:10.1016/S0022-3476(05)81247-8. PMID 1532827.
  2. ^ Campbell WB, Falck JR, Okita JR, Johnson AR, Callahan KS (1985). "Synthesis of dihomoprostaglandins from adrenic acid (7,10,13,16-docosatetraenoic acid) by human endothelial cells". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 837 (1): 67–76. doi:10.1016/0005-2760(85)90086-4. PMID 3931686.
  3. ^ Kopf PG, Zhang DX, Gauthier KM, Nithipatikom K, Yi XY, Falck JR, Campbell WB (2010). "Adrenic acid metabolites as endogenous endothelium-derived and zona glomerulosa-derived hyperpolarizing factors". Hypertension. 55 (2): 547–54. doi:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.109.144147. PMC 2819927. PMID 20038752.
  4. ^ Yi XY, Gauthier KM, Cui L, Nithipatikom K, Falck JR, Campbell WB (May 2007). "Metabolism of adrenic acid to vasodilatory 1alpha,1beta-dihomo-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids by bovine coronary arteries". Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 292 (5): H2265–74. doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00947.2006. PMID 17209008.
  5. ^ Singh N, Barnych B, Wagner KM, Wan D, Morisseau C, Hammock BD (March 2021). "Adrenic Acid-Derived Epoxy Fatty Acids Are Naturally Occurring Lipids and Their Methyl Ester Prodrug Reduces Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and Inflammatory Pain". ACS Omega. 6 (10): 7165–7174. doi:10.1021/acsomega.1c00241. PMC 7970556.

Further reading