Dogar is a group of people who settled in Punjab during the Medieval period.[1] They are understood to be a branch of the Rajput[2] (a large cluster of interrelated peoples from the Indian subcontinent). The Dogar initially established themselves as an agricultural people who became owners of land in the relatively arid central area of Punjab where cultivation required vigorous work.[3] In addition to cultivating crops such as jowar (millet) and wheat, they may also have been partly pastoral.[1]

In the late 17th century, the Dogars residing within the faujdari of Lakhi Jangal (in present-day Multan) were among the tribes that challenged the authority of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.[4]

The Dogar are referred to in the Sufi poet Waris Shah's renowned tragic romance, Heer Ranjha.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b Singh C (1988). "Conformity and conflict: tribes and the 'agrarian system' of Mughal India" (PDF). The Indian Economic & Social History Review. 25 (3): 319–340. doi:10.1177/001946468802500302.
  2. ^ Fiaz HM, Akhtar S, Rind AA (2021). "Socio-cultural condition of South Punjab: a case of Muzaffargarh District". International Research Journal of Education and Innovation. 2 (2): 21–40. doi:10.53575/irjei.3-v2.2(21)21-40.
  3. ^ Chaudhuri, B. B. (2008). Peasant History of Late Pre-colonial and Colonial India. Vol. 8. Pearson Education India. pp. 194–195. ISBN 978-8-13171-688-5.
  4. ^ Singh C (1988). "Centre and periphery in the Mughal State: the case of seventeenth-century Panjab". Modern Asian Studies. 22 (2). 313. doi:10.1017/s0026749x00000986. JSTOR 312624. S2CID 144152388.
  5. ^ Gaeffke, Peter (April 1991). "Reviewed Work: Hīr Vāriṡ Śāh, poème panjabi du XVIIIe siècle: Introduction, translittération, traduction et commentaire. Tome I, strophes 1 à 110 by Denis Matringe". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 111 (2): 408–409. doi:10.2307/604050. JSTOR 604050.

Further reading