Doliana
Δολιανά
The primary school, located on the village square.
The primary school, located on the village square.
Doliana is located in Greece
Doliana
Doliana
Coordinates: 37°25′51″N 22°40′48″E / 37.430820°N 22.680075°E / 37.430820; 22.680075Coordinates: 37°25′51″N 22°40′48″E / 37.430820°N 22.680075°E / 37.430820; 22.680075
CountryGreece
Administrative regionPeloponnese
Regional unitArcadia
MunicipalityNorth Kynouria
Elevation
90 m (300 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipal unit
846
Community
 • Population595[2] (2011)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
220 01
Area code(s)27550

Doliana (Greek: Δολιανά) is a community of the municipality North Kynouria, in eastern Arcadia, Greece. It consists of the villages Kato Doliana, Ano Doliana, Dragouni, Kouvlis, Prosilia and Rouneika.[3] The population of the community is 846 (2011 census). The largest village of the community is Kato Doliana with 595 inhabitants. It serves as the winter residence of the population of Ano Doliana. It is considered a traditional settlement.

Olive oil production is the main source of income for the inhabitants.

The Primary school during the 1950s
The Primary school during the 1950s

Geography

The village is situated on the left bank of the river Tanos, on the south slopes of mountain Zavitsa. It is surrounded by an extensive olive trees plantation. The natural caves that have formed due to the erosion of the terrain caused by the flow of the river are of particular interest. They divide the settlement into two neighborhoods. The upper neighborhood is called Palamidi.

Attractions

The ancient Villa of Herodes Atticus at Eva is the most notable landmark. One can also visit the ancient settlements of Kourmeki and Tsiorovos and the women's Byzantine Monastery of Loukou.

Herodes Atticus' villa is in the vicinity of the community
Herodes Atticus' villa is in the vicinity of the community

The Battle of Doliana in 1821 was a significant battle of the Greek War of Independence and occurred at nearby Ano Doliana.

Demographic evolution

Year Settlement Community Settlement population chart
1834 - 893[4]
1861 - 1.336[5]
1870 - 1.323
1879 - 1.682[6]
1889 - 1.577[7]
1896 - 1.649[8]
1907 - 1.627
1920 - 1.849
1928 - 1.796
1940 82 1.680
1951 1.246 1.650
1961 1.081 1.497
1971 1.099 1.404
1981 1.075 1.338
1991 933 1.283
2001 780 1.097
2011 595 846

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ Hellenic Statistical Authority - Table. The De Jure (registered) population 2011
  3. ^ Kato Doliana, Ano Doliana, Regional Guide of Peloponnese
  4. ^ ΓΟΡΤΥΝΙΑΚΑ - Απογραφή Αρκαδίας (1834) (in Greek)
  5. ^ Στατιστική της Ελλάδος - Πληθυσμός του έτους 1861 (in Greek)
  6. ^ Εργαστήριο Δημογραφικών και Κοινωνικών Αναλύσεων Πανεπιστημίου Θεσσαλίας - Εργο e-Demography - Εκδόσεις ΕΛΣΤΑΤ - Απογραφές - 1879 (in Greek)
  7. ^ Εργαστήριο Δημογραφικών και Κοινωνικών Αναλύσεων Πανεπιστημίου Θεσσαλίας - Εργο e-Demography - Εκδόσεις ΕΛΣΤΑΤ - Απογραφές - 1889 (in Greek)
  8. ^ Εργαστήριο Δημογραφικών και Κοινωνικών Αναλύσεων Πανεπιστημίου Θεσσαλίας - Εργο e-Demography - Εκδόσεις ΕΛΣΤΑΤ - Απογραφές - 1896 (in Greek)