|Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura|
|Appointed||8 November 2014|
|Predecessor||Raymond Leo Burke|
|Ordination||20 September 1981|
by Jean-Charles Thomas
|Consecration||3 July 2002|
by Angelo Sodano
|Created cardinal||14 February 2015|
by Pope Francis
Dominique François Joseph Mamberti
7 March 1952
|Motto||Eritis mihi testes (You shall be My witnesses)|
|Coat of arms|
Ordination history of
Dominique Francois Mamberti
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Dominique François Joseph Mamberti (born 7 March 1952) is the Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura in the Roman Curia. He was elevated to the rank of cardinal by Pope Francis in 2015.
Dominique Mamberti was born in Marrakesh, Morocco, on 7 March 1952 and was ordained a priest of the Diocese of Ajaccio, France, on 20 September 1981. He has academic degrees in civil and canon law. He entered the Holy See's diplomatic service and worked in the apostolic nunciatures in Algeria, Chile and Lebanon, in the Holy See's office at United Nations headquarters in New York City and in the Section for Relations with States of the Secretariat of State (Holy See).
Mamberti is considered an expert on Latin America, the United Nations, Africa, the Middle East and Islam.
On 18 May 2002, Pope John Paul II appointed him Titular Archbishop of Sagona and Apostolic Nuncio to Sudan and Apostolic Delegate to Somalia. He received episcopal consecration from Cardinal Secretary of State Angelo Sodano on 3 July 2002. On 19 February 2004, he was also appointed Apostolic Nuncio to Eritrea and Somalia was removed from his remit.
He was appointed Secretary for Relations with States by Pope Benedict XVI on 15 September 2006. This post is generally seen as the equivalent of Foreign Minister of the Holy See. In 2007 Archbishop Mamberti was awarded the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.
At a meeting in September 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Mamberti, the Holy See's Secretary for Relations with States, Archbishop Mamberti said that the Holy See was closely following developments in and around Kosovo, and he expressed his willingness to continue and intensify mutual communications. Following a meeting in November 2009 between the Serbian President Boris Tadić and Pope Benedict XVI, Tadić said that the Vatican supported Serbia's integration and membership within the EU and the sovereignty and preservation of its territorial integrity.
In September 2007, Mamberti orchestrated the first official visit between an Arab Head of State, Sudan's President Omar el-Bashir and Pope Benedict. The visit took place at the Pope's Summer residence, Castel Gandolfo. Shortly after this groundbreaking event, the King of Saudi Arabia met the Pope. This marked the beginning of a new period of Catholic-Muslim relations.
In June 2010, Mamberti visited Cuba and spent several days on the island, marking 75 years of diplomatic relations between the Vatican and Cuba and participating in a national conference on the church's social teachings. He met with President Raul Castro, saying afterwards that bilateral relations are "cordial, continuing and on the rise." "The visit of (Archbishop) Mamberti also showed the favourable development of relations between the state and the Catholic Church in Cuba," the government's note said.
Mamberti, addressing the United Nations, in September 2011, called for "courageous decisions" toward the two-state solution for the Holy Land after Palestinian leaders requested full U.N. membership for the Palestinian state. Archbishop Dominique Mamberti did not say whether the Vatican explicitly supported the Palestinians' U.N. initiative. He added that the Vatican viewed the Palestinian bid "in the perspective of efforts to find a definitive solution" to the Israeli-Palestinian question – an issue addressed by a U.N. resolution of 1947 that foresaw the creation of two states. "One of them has already been created, while the other has not yet been established, although nearly 64 years have passed. The Holy See is convinced that if we want peace, it is necessary to adopt courageous decisions," he said.
At the opening of the UN General Assembly in September 2012, Mamberti said that international law is "solidly based upon the dignity and nature of humanity—in other words, upon the natural law." He called the UN delegates' attention to the language of the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, which affirm the importance of the natural law. International law will earn recognition and respect, he said, if it is recognised as protecting every person and nation, not favouring the powerful. "Such will be possible," he said, "if legislation at the international level is marked by respect for the dignity of the human person, beginning with the centrality of the right to life and to freedom of religion."
In a separate address in early October 2012, Mamberti spoke of the theme of the assembly as the "Adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations by peaceful means." In his French-language address, he lamented a "loss of faith in the value of dialogue, and the temptation to favour 'a priori' one of the sides in regional and national conflicts," saying that this threatens "respect for the juridical mechanisms of the United Nations." Archbishop Mamberti referred specifically to situations in the Middle East, particularly in Syria, "A solution is impossible if it fails to respect the rules of international and humanitarian law, or falls outside the mechanisms established in the United Nations Charter," he stated. "All interested parties should not only facilitate the mission of the special envoy of the United Nations and the Arab League, but also ensure humanitarian assistance to the suffering peoples. The international community must unite its efforts so that all sides replace the race to arms with negotiation, just as it must insist on effective respect for religious liberty, human rights and all fundamental freedoms."
On 16 January 2013, Mamberti gave an interview on Vatican Radio about the Catholic Church's autonomy and religious freedom. He defended the right to a conscience clause for Christian employers who refused services to homosexuals. He opposed increasing Secularism.
In July 2014 commenting on the situation in Gaza, Mamberti sent a formal note to all the ambassadors accredited to the Holy See, calling their attention to the appeals by Pope Francis for Christians in Iraq and elsewhere in the Middle East. Mamberti said that the Holy See is "deeply concerned" with the suffering of Christians in the region. "Christian communities are suffering unjustly, they are scared, and many Christians have been forced to emigrate", he said.
On 8 November 2014, Pope Francis appointed Mamberti as Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, the final court of appeal for any ecclesiastical judgment, besides the Pope himself. Then-Archbishop Mamberti succeeded Raymond Leo Cardinal Burke, who was named Patron to the Order of Malta.
On 4 January 2015, Pope Francis announced that he would make Archbishop Mamberti a cardinal on 14 February. At the ceremony, he was appointed Cardinal-Deacon of the titular church of Santo Spirito in Sassia.
On Monday, 13 April 2015, Cardinal Mamberti was named a member of the Board of the Cardinals and Bishops for the Section for Relations with States of the Vatican Cardinal Secretary of State's office, a Member of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, and a Member of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints. These memberships are at the pleasure of the Pope, for a five-year term that can be renewed, and the Cardinal will have the right to be a Member or Consultor to any Vatican Roman Curia office until he turns 80, at which time he usually must resign his office (unless asked to stay by the Pope, and if he hasn't already resigned at the normal age of 75) and will lose the right to vote in a Papal Conclave.
On 4 October 2017 he was appointed a member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.