Donghae
동해시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised RomanizationDonghae-si
 • McCune-ReischauerTonghae-si
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 37°31′29″N 129°06′51″E / 37.524771°N 129.114282°E / 37.524771; 129.114282Coordinates: 37°31′29″N 129°06′51″E / 37.524771°N 129.114282°E / 37.524771; 129.114282
CountrySouth Korea
RegionGwandong
First official recorded102 AD
City establishedApril 1, 1980
Administrative divisions10 dong
Area
 • Total180.01 km2 (69.50 sq mi)
Population
 (December 31, 2015)
 • Total93,895
 • Density521.61/km2 (1,351.0/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Gangwon
ClimateCfa

Donghae (Korean pronunciation: [to̞ŋ.ɦɛ̝]) is a city in Gangwon Province, South Korea. There are two major ports: Donghae Harbor and Mukho Harbor. The city is located on the Yeongdong Line railroad and the Donghae Expressway. Numerous caverns are found in the city, as in neighboring Samcheok. Hanzhong University was located here.

Location

Donghae City is located in the central region of the east coast of Korea in Gangwon-do. Jeongseon county to the west and Gangneung city to the north. It contains the southern terminus of the Donghae Expressway, and the No. 7 national way passes through the city.

The city is mostly mountainous and has natural resources such as Mureung Valley and beautiful beaches. Here, the high Taebaek Mountains lie along the eastern coast, preventing rivers from meeting the coast.[1] However, in the rainy season, spontaneous water flow is possible.

Climate

Climate data for Donghae (1991–2020, extremes 1992–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.1
(61.0)
23.7
(74.7)
26.9
(80.4)
32.6
(90.7)
33.3
(91.9)
35.2
(95.4)
37.1
(98.8)
37.0
(98.6)
34.2
(93.6)
29.7
(85.5)
24.4
(75.9)
18.4
(65.1)
37.1
(98.8)
Average high °C (°F) 5.4
(41.7)
7.0
(44.6)
11.2
(52.2)
16.7
(62.1)
21.1
(70.0)
23.4
(74.1)
26.6
(79.9)
27.6
(81.7)
23.8
(74.8)
19.7
(67.5)
13.7
(56.7)
7.7
(45.9)
17.0
(62.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.1
(34.0)
2.8
(37.0)
6.8
(44.2)
12.2
(54.0)
16.6
(61.9)
19.6
(67.3)
23.2
(73.8)
24.1
(75.4)
19.8
(67.6)
15.1
(59.2)
9.3
(48.7)
3.4
(38.1)
12.8
(55.0)
Average low °C (°F) −2.8
(27.0)
−1.4
(29.5)
2.4
(36.3)
7.7
(45.9)
12.5
(54.5)
16.5
(61.7)
20.5
(68.9)
21.1
(70.0)
16.2
(61.2)
10.7
(51.3)
5.0
(41.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
9.0
(48.2)
Record low °C (°F) −14.0
(6.8)
−13.7
(7.3)
−6.9
(19.6)
−1.4
(29.5)
3.5
(38.3)
6.0
(42.8)
12.2
(54.0)
14.4
(57.9)
8.3
(46.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
−6.2
(20.8)
−11.9
(10.6)
−14.0
(6.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46.4
(1.83)
44.0
(1.73)
57.6
(2.27)
72.3
(2.85)
63.3
(2.49)
105.9
(4.17)
230.8
(9.09)
227.2
(8.94)
219.8
(8.65)
102.9
(4.05)
71.6
(2.82)
22.5
(0.89)
1,264.3
(49.78)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.6 6.1 8.5 8.3 8.8 10.7 14.4 14.8 12.1 7.9 7.3 4.1 108.6
Average snowy days 5.1 4.0 3.4 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.4 14.6
Average relative humidity (%) 47.6 52.2 56.4 58.8 67.0 77.8 82.1 82.3 79.0 67.2 56.5 46.0 64.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 188.1 181.0 202.3 211.9 221.3 179.7 155.0 163.4 165.3 190.3 172.6 188.3 2,219.2
Percent possible sunshine 58.1 58.8 52.5 52.9 47.4 38.6 32.3 37.3 43.5 54.0 56.2 61.9 48.2
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration (snow and percent sunshine 1981–2010)[2][3][4][5][6]

Symbols

Free Industry zone

Donghae area and its neighborhood are a free industry zone. From this, Gangwon province and Donghae city has overtaken team for investment.[7]

Cruise Ferry

A cruise ferry line connecting Russia, South Korea and Japan opened in the summer of 2008. DBS Ferry currently transits between Donghae, Sakaiminato, Tottori and Vladivostok.[8][9]

Tourism

Sister cities

Donghae City has the following sister cities:[10][11]

See also

References

  1. ^ Official page of Donghae city - location
  2. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea (1991 ~ 2020)" (PDF) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. pp. II-25, II-26, II-462. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 January 2022. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  3. ^ 우리나라 기후평년값 - 파일셋 (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  4. ^ 우리나라 기후평년값 - 그래프 (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  5. ^ 순위값 - 구역별조회 (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  6. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  7. ^ [강원도청] 강원도 '동해자유무역지역' 개발 본격화 Yeonhap news 2008.01.23
  8. ^ Fundamental opening of Donghae port as passing port of cruise ferry. (동해항 크루즈훼리 운항 탄력) 2008-01-18 Dalian News
  9. ^ DBS Cruise Ferry Main Page. ([1]) 2014-01-17 DBS Cruise Ferry
  10. ^ City of Federal Way - Sister City Association Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ 동해시청. 동해시청. www.dh.go.kr.
  12. ^ 국제 자매(우호)도시 결연 현황 (in Korean). Donghae Culture Center. Retrieved 14 January 2017.