Bush doof
Rainbow Serpent Festival 2013
General Information
Related genresTrance music, electronic dance music, goa, dub techno, psychedelic trance, ebm, industrial music, prangga, jungle music
LocationOceania, United Kingdom, United States of America, Europe, Asia, Japan, South Korea, South Africa
Related eventsCategory:Music festivals, music festival, rave, trance festival, electronic dance music festival, teknival, free party, Category:Trance festivals, Category:Electronic music festivals in Australia

A doof or bush doof is a type of outdoor dance party generally held in a remote country area, or outside a large city in surrounding bush or rainforest. Events referred to as doofs are now held worldwide and have built from a small set of social groups to a subculture with millions of active members worldwide, considered by some as a full blown culture[1] similar to raves or teknivals. Doofs generally have healing workshops, speakers, art, live artists and DJs playing a range of electronic music, commonly goa, house, dub techno, Techno, acid heavy sounds and psychedelic trance.

"Doof doof" is a term in Australia and New Zealand for loud electronic music centred on a heavy bass drum kick.[2][3]


The name is onomatopoeic, and is derived from the sound of the kick drum used in the electronic music frequently lettered (as in "doof doof doof doof music").[4] According to Peter Strong,[5] the original term "doof" was created in Newtown, Sydney in Spring 1992, after a neighbour of the Non Bossy Posse knocked on the door to complain about their music: "What is this Doof Doof Doof I hear all night long, this is not music" she exclaimed.[6] The term did not become a popular designation for outdoor dance parties until after the mid-1990s. Since 2017 in Melbourne, smaller doofs have sometimes been referred to as a "doif", after a local tech-house DJ, LOIF, headlined several smaller parties. This was initially a pushback to festivals like Pitch Music & Arts Festival, which "doofers" felt was too large to share the name with the more intimate parties from which the term originated.


During the 1990s free dance parties proliferated in Sydney, particularly in Sydney Park in St Peters and warehouses of the Inner West. As pressure from police and councils increased, holding parties in the bush appeared as a more viable option.

The first commercial doof party to be hosted within Australia and New Zealand was Earthcore in 1993. Today the term 'doof' can describe anything from a small gathering in the bush focused around a small sound system to a multi-day, multi-stage event with DJs, bands and workshops.

In 2013, "bush doof" was added to the sixth edition of the Macquarie Dictionary.[7]

Radio stations

There are 'doof' radio stations that serve as focal points for a worldwide community[citation needed], including:

List of doofs

Main article: List of electronic music festivals

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (May 2015)

See also



  1. ^ John, Graham St (January 2001). "Doof! Australian Post Rave Culture. In Graham St John (ed.) FreeNRG: Notes From the Edge of the Dance Floor (Commonground, 2001)". In Graham St John (Ed.) FreeNRG: Notes from the Edge of the Dance Floor, Pp. 9-36. – via www.academia.edu.
  2. ^ "Bush Telegraph". Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
  3. ^ "Rural Reporter". www.abc.net.au.
  4. ^ "Doof doof doof". The Age. 23 October 2003.
  5. ^ "Peter Strong (@mashy_p) / Twitter".
  6. ^ "Four Corners "Beneath the Mirror Ball"". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 25 September 2016.
  7. ^ "A Farewell From inthemix: Thanks For All The Memories". Junkee. 31 October 2018.