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Door chain

A door chain, security chain, or security door chain or chain door interviewer[1] consists of a small chain attached to the door frame, which attaches to a track on the door for security purposes. It is a type of lock that is often used along with other types of locks to secure a door.[2] They are commonly used on hotel and motel room doors.[3]

Uses

Door chains are mainly intended to allow a person inside a structure to open the door slightly for purposes of communicating with individuals outside or exchanging small objects through the door while still preventing the individuals outside from gaining unauthorized access into the structure.[4][5][6]

Door chains also can be set in place when the door does not need to be opened. They can only be touched from inside when the door has been opened, and therefore, if the locks on the door are compromised, a door chain may cause some delay, draw more attention, or leave more evidence of force being used when gaining unauthorized access to the structure.

Advantages

Door chains are fairly easy to install and use. Use of a door chain provides a little security when dealing with strangers. A properly installed door chain is resistant to tampering from the outside requiring use of physical force to open the door, which will leave obvious evidence.

Disadvantages

Door chains normally come equipped with very short screws which easily rip out. Any amount of force capable of defeating a deadbolt will also defeat a door chain. The tracks are usually straight, and any number of simple tools will allow the chain to be separated from the track. Elderly individuals, uncoordinated people, and individuals with hand tremors may find it difficult to connect the chain to the track. The chain is often a thin metal. Door chains are often installed improperly, making them easily subjected to a number of attacks.

UPVC/PVCU front doors are generally unsuitable for retrofit security devices. Not only is the material not strong enough to support devices fitted with steel screws unless secured into the internal metal framework, but such changes to the original design may invalidate an existing warranty or possibly damage the integral locking assembly.

Improvements

Alternatives

swing bar lock

References

  1. ^ Stroik, John S. (1977). Terms and Definitions for Door and Window Security. Vol. 13. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards. p. 3.
  2. ^ Frane, James T (1994). Craftsman's Illustrated Dictionary of Construction Terms. Craftsman Book Company. p. 102. ISBN 9781572180086.
  3. ^ Salvan, George S. (2000). Architectural Building Materials. Goodwill Trading Company. p. 173. ISBN 9789711110642.
  4. ^ Nottinghamshire Police (19 March 2014). "Not sure? Don't open the door" (PDF). West Stockwith Parish Council.
  5. ^ US 3161035, Adamec, Joseph & Bradley, Robert J., "Door chain lock", published 1964-12-15, assigned to Security Hardware Manufacturing Co. Inc. 
  6. ^ US 4027908, Crepinsek, Alois, "Safety chain lock for doors", published 1977-06-07, assigned to International Top Security Corp.