Native toNepal
RegionDoti (Sudurpashchim Province) and Karnali Province
Native speakers
790,000 in Nepal (2011 census)[1]
Devanagari script (Nepali alphabet)
Language codes
ISO 639-3dty
This article contains Indic text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks or boxes, misplaced vowels or missing conjuncts instead of Indic text.
A woman from the Achham district of Nepal discusses cooking mutton and fish in the Achhami dialect.

Doteli, or Dotyali (डोटेली) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 800,000 people, most of whom live in Nepal. It is a dialect of Khas, which is an ancient form of the modern Nepali language, and is written in the Devanagari script. It has official status in Nepal as per Part 1, Section 6 of the Constitution of Nepal 2072 (2015).[2] There are four main dialects of Doteli, namely Baitadeli, Bajhangi Nepali, Darchuli and Doteli.[3] The mutual intelligibility between these dialects is high and all dialects of Doteli are able to share language-based materials.

Terms used for language name by district[3]
District Terms used for language name
Kailali Baitadeli, Bajhangi, Nepali
Kanchanpur Baitadeli Nepali, Pahadi, Nepali
Doti Dotyali, Doteli
Dadeldhura Dotyali, Dadeldhuri
Baitadi Baitadi, Baitadeli, Dotyali
Darchula Darchuleli, Dotyali
Bajhang Bajhangi Bajhangi Nepali, Nepali

Official status

The Language Commission of Nepal has recommended Dotyali language as official language in Sudurpashchim Province.[4]

Origin and history

According to Rahul Sankrityayan Doteli or Dotyali is a dialect of the Kumaoni language which was brought to Doti by a section of the Katyuri dynasty of Kumaon, which had ruled over Doti until 1790.The Doti kingdom was formed after the Katyuri kingdom broke up into eight different princely states.[5] In Nepal, Doteli is considered a Nepali dialect. However, local intellectuals and people of Doti, those who speak Doteli, are increasingly demanding their language to be recognized as one of the national languages of Nepal.


  1. ^ Doteli at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Constitution Bill of Nepal 2072
  3. ^ a b A Sociolinguistic Study of Dotyali. LinSuN Central Department of linguistics, Tribhuvan University, Nepal and SIL International, 2014
  4. ^ "सरकारी कामकाजको भाषाका आधारहरूको निर्धारण तथा भाषासम्बन्धी सिफारिसहरू (पञ्चवर्षीय प्रतिवेदन- साराांश) २०७८" (PDF). Language Commission. Language Commission. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  5. ^ "T.R. Vaidya - ADVANCED HISTORY OF NEPAL". 2005-02-09. Archived from the original on 2005-02-09. Retrieved 2020-01-08.