Meredith Douglas Young, PC (born September 20, 1940 in Tracadie, New Brunswick) is a Canadian politician.

Provincial politics

He was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick in 1978 as a Liberal Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). He was elected leader of the New Brunswick Liberal Party in 1982, but resigned within a year of his rising to that post due to a poor showing in the 1982 provincial election. When the Liberals formed a government under Frank McKenna in 1987, Young served as Minister of Fisheries.

Federal politics

Young left provincial politics to run in the 1988 federal election for the Liberal Party of Canada, and was elected to the House of Commons of Canada as a Liberal Member of Parliament (MP).

With the election of a Liberal government in the 1993 election, the new Prime Minister, Jean Chrétien, appointed Young to the Canadian cabinet as Minister of Transport. In that position, Young eliminated the Crow Rate which regulated the cost western farmers had to pay to transport their goods via rail, and privatized the Canadian National Railway.

In January 1996, he became Minister of Employment and Immigration (subsequently retitled Minister of Human Resources Development) and Minister of Labour. In October 1996, he was appointed Minister of National Defence and Minister of Veterans Affairs.

As Defence Minister, Young generated much criticism when, in 1997, he suspended the formal inquiry into the Somalia Affair in which Canadian troops had been accused of mistreating prisoners in Somalia in 1993.

Young was an outspoken and even bombastic politician, once calling Reform Party MP Deborah Grey "a slab of bacon" in the House. (The Hansard record of 3 April 1989 records that Young, along with the N.D.P. MP for Edmonton East, Ross Harvey, escorted Grey into the House that day.[1])

In one of the chief upsets of the 1997 election, Young was defeated in his riding by Yvon Godin of the New Democratic Party. The Liberal government's changes to Unemployment Insurance were a key factor in his defeat because of the large number of seasonal workers in Young's riding. This was also a factor in the defeat of Young's Cabinet colleague and fellow Maritimer David Dingwall.

Since his defeat, Young has worked in Ottawa as a lobbyist. Despite his Liberal affiliations, Young supported the candidacy of Tom Long to lead the right-wing Canadian Alliance in that party's leadership election in 2000.

He supported Stéphane Dion for the leadership of the Liberal Party.[2]

Electoral record

1993 Canadian federal election: Acadie—Bathurst
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Doug Young 26,782 66.35 +14.60 $45,888
Progressive Conservative Luce-Andrée Gauthier 11,175 27.69 -15.04 $53,402
New Democratic Kim Gallant 2,406 5.96 +0.43 $1,508
Total valid votes/Expense limit 40,363 100.00 $53,496
  Liberal hold Swing +14.8
1988 Canadian federal election: Gloucester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Doug Young 20,251 51.75 +13.37
Progressive Conservative Jean Gauvin 16,721 42.73 -12.39
New Democratic Serge Robichaud 2,163 5.53 +0.40
Total valid votes 39,135 100.00
  Liberal gain from Progressive Conservative. Swing +12.88

References

  1. ^ "House of Commons Debates, 34th Parliament, 2nd ... - Canadian Parliamentary Historical Resources".
  2. ^ "Liberal Party of Canada". Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2019-07-28.
26th Ministry – Cabinet of Jean Chrétien Cabinet posts (5) Predecessor Office Successor David Collenette Minister of National Defence1996–1997 Art Eggleton David Collenette Minister of Veterans Affairs1996–1997styled asMinister of National Defence Fred Mifflin legislation enacted Minister of Human Resources Development1996 Pierre Pettigrew Lloyd Axworthy Minister of Employment and Immigration1996styled asMinister of Human Resources Development legislation enacted Jean Corbeil Minister of Transport1993–1996 David Anderson Parliament of Canada Preceded byRoger Clinch, PC Member of Parliament from Acadie—Bathurst 1988-1997 Succeeded byYvon Godin, NDP