Doyon, Limited, is one of thirteen Alaska Native Regional Corporations created under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971 (ANCSA) in settlement of aboriginal land claims. Doyon was incorporated in Alaska on June 26, 1972. Headquartered in Fairbanks, Alaska, Doyon is a for-profit corporation with about 18,000 Alaska Native shareholders primarily of Alaskan Athabaskan (excl. Denaʼina and Ahtna) descent.
The word doyon is a loanword from (Russian: тойо́н, tr. toyón) in the Russian colonial period. It was derived from Yakut Turkic, toyon (тойон), meaning "boss, lord, master": Deg Xinag doyon̥, Holikachuk dayon̥, Upper Kuskokwim doyon̥, Koyukon doyon̥, Lower Tanana doyon̥, Dena'ina duyuq, duyəq; duyun, Ahtna dayaan; Sugpiaq (Alutiiq) tuyuq, Yup'ik tuyuq.
A current listing of Doyon's officers and directors, as well as documents filed with the State of Alaska since Doyon's incorporation, are available online through the Corporations Database of the Division of Corporations, Business & Professional Licensing, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development.
Doyon's land entitlement under ANCSA is about 12.5 million acres (50,600 km²), making Doyon the largest private landholder in Alaska and among the largest private landowners in North America. The Doyon region encompasses a vast region in Interior Alaska, from Brooks Range in the north to the Alaska Range, and from Alaska's border with Canada in the east extending westward nearly to the shores of Norton Sound. As of March 2007, about 9.8 million acres (40,000 km²) have been conveyed, including 6.6 million acres (27,000 km²) in surface and subsurface estate (fee Owned) and 3.2 million acres (13,000 km²) of subsurface estate corresponding to surface estate owned by villages corporations in the Doyon region.
Under federal law, Doyon and its majority-owned subsidiaries, joint ventures and partnerships are deemed to be "minority and economically disadvantaged business enterprise[s]" (43 USC 1626(e)).
Doyon operates the Kantishna Roadhouse: Denali Backcountry lodge through its subsidiary Doyon Tourism, Inc. This lodge has a main lodge and dispersed cabins in the Kantishna hills region and is private property located deep inside the boundaries of Denali National Park and Preserve. It operates buses that can venture into the park into the restricted zone from mile 15 to 93, "flightseeing" tours that fly above Mount Denali, guided hikes, dog mushing demonstrations, fly fishing, and sightseeing and other activities. It is one of a few lodges deep in the park that are private property and not concessionaires with the National Park Service. This region was an old gold mining region before the establishment of the park and has since been an area with various grandfathered private property within the park's boundary.
Doyon also operates a joint venture with Aramark Corporation to run the park concessions for Denali National Park and Preserve and this concession manages tour and transit buses into the park, interpretive services for Savage river cabin and Primrose rest area, the Morino grill, Riley Creek Mercantile and campground, Savage River campground, Igloo Creek campground, Sanctuary Campground, Teklanika Campground, and the Denali Bus Depot. It manages reservations for Wonder Lake campground. Along with Holland America Line, Princess Cruises, and the local coal mine, this joint venture has a significant impact on the local economy in and outside of Denali. The reservation system for this joint venture is separate from the Kantishna Roadhouse. This joint venture operates two buses that go to the Kantishna hills, the Kantishna Experience and the Kantishna transit, but these should not be confused with the Kantishna roadhouse shuttle. The buses in this operation do not go to this resort or have the same reservation system.
Doyon also operates an oil and natural gas drilling subsidiary called Doyon Drilling, which according to its website operates eight drilling rigs in the state of Alaska. In 1982 Doyon formed a joint venture with another drilling corporation called Nugget Alaska, LLC. This subsidiary is said to have around 300 employees. Doyon Drilling's headquarters is not in Fairbanks like the rest of Doyon, but in Anchorage.