Draveil
The town hall of Draveil
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location of Draveil
Draveil
Draveil
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Draveil
Draveil
Draveil (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°41′07″N 2°24′29″E / 48.6852°N 2.408°E / 48.6852; 2.408Coordinates: 48°41′07″N 2°24′29″E / 48.6852°N 2.408°E / 48.6852; 2.408
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentEssonne
ArrondissementÉvry
CantonDraveil
IntercommunalityCA Val d'Yerres Val de Seine
Government
 • Mayor (2021–2026) Richard Privat[1]
Area
1
15.75 km2 (6.08 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
28,741
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
91201 /91210
Elevation32–87 m (105–285 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Draveil (French pronunciation: [dʁavɛj] (audio speaker iconlisten)) is a commune in the department of Essonne in the southern suburbs of Paris, France.[3] It is located 19.1 km (11.9 mi) from the center of Paris. It was formally twinned with Hove, East Sussex in The United Kingdom.[4]

With a score of 7.16/10, Draveil ranks 49th among the 100 best French towns with a population of over 20,000 inhabitants. This result is a survey conducted permanently among the French population and takes into account the following factors : environment, security, medical facilities, cultural events, sports, shops and transport.

Geography

Draveil is situated between the right bank of the Seine and the Forest of Sénart which gives the whole town a very green environment. In fact, the official motto of the town in Latin is "Inter undas et arbores", which can be translated into English as "between water and trees", a reference to its location between the Seine and the Forest of Sénart. Hardly a third of Draveil's area has been developed, thus offering a preserved environment to its inhabitants. Draveil also hosts a large green park called the "Base de loisirs du Port-aux-Cerises" that covers over 175 hectares including trees, lakes and activity areas including a horse-riding club, an amusement park for children, an open-air swimming-pool, football field, tennis courts, acrobranche rope park, a small marina with berthing space for about thirty boats, etc.

Draveil consists of the main town Draveil, the former villages Champrosay and Mainville, and several newer housing developments.[5] Champrosay was home to several artists in the 19th and early 20th century, including painters Marie Laurencin and Eugène Delacroix and writer Alphonse Daudet.[6]

History

Human presence in Draveil during the Neolithic period is suggested by the discovery of a menhir called the "Pierre à Mousseaux" dating from the fourth millennium BC and confirmed by the presence of tools and weapons in flint cut found in the Mainville quarter of Draveil. The Gauls named the place Dracvern meaning "the spirit of the Alder". The Romans called it Dravernum. In the Merovingian period a money minting facility was installed here, which minted one-third of a gold sol called "Draverno".

Population

Inhabitants of Draveil are known as Draveillois.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 967—    
1800 1,119+2.11%
1806 1,112−0.10%
1821 1,132+0.12%
1831 1,380+2.00%
1836 1,318−0.92%
1841 1,410+1.36%
1846 1,614+2.74%
1851 1,364−3.31%
1856 1,737+4.95%
1861 1,918+2.00%
1866 1,602−3.54%
1872 1,472−1.40%
1876 1,655+2.97%
1881 1,728+0.87%
1886 2,021+3.18%
1891 2,107+0.84%
1896 2,329+2.02%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 2,564+1.94%
1906 2,924+2.66%
1911 3,314+2.54%
1921 4,202+2.40%
1926 5,929+7.13%
1931 8,310+6.99%
1936 10,316+4.42%
1946 10,510+0.19%
1954 12,335+2.02%
1962 18,124+4.93%
1968 25,352+5.75%
1975 28,602+1.74%
1982 26,543−1.06%
1990 27,867+0.61%
1999 28,093+0.09%
2007 28,335+0.11%
2012 29,063+0.51%
2017 28,833−0.16%
Source: EHESS[7] and INSEE (1968-2017)[8]

Administration

Draveil is part of the arrondissement of Évry, the canton of Draveil and the communauté d'agglomération Val d'Yerres Val de Seine.[3] The mayor of Draveil from 1995 until 2021 was Georges Tron.[9] He resigned on 25 May 2021 following his sentence and imprisonment for sexual assault and rape.[10] He was succeeded by Richard Privat in June 2021.[1]

Schools

The town has eight preschools

It also has ten primary schools

There are three middle schools:

Draveil has one professional high school named "Lycée Nadar".

High schools around Draveil are either public like Lycée Rosa Parks in Montgéron.

There are three respected private institutions around Draveil:

These private schools have a merit-based entrance scheme, have European curriculum, teach languages such as Chinese, etc.

Facilities for children

The infant department at the Mairie supervises a wide-range of day-care centres namely a family crèche, collective crèches like L’Île-aux-Bambins and Pomme-de-Rainette, parent-run day-care centres like crèche Tétine et Doudou and two other day-care centres "Mazières" and "Villiers" that offer à la carte hours.

During school vacations, children are offered activities in "centres de loisirs" organised in the school premises in Villiers, Mazières, Jean-Jaurès, Brossolette, Belvédère, Champrosay, Jules-Ferry, Mainville, Saint-Exupéry and Pierre et Marie-Curie. Besides, the Mairie also organises a sports-oriented programme for kids between 8 and 14 called "Totalement sport".

Sports

A wide range of sports facilities are available at the "Base de loisirs du Port-aux-Cerises" namely, canoëing, kayaking, sailing, football field, tennis courts, minigolf, skatepark and horse-riding.

A rowing club and a yachting club are based on the banks of the Seine. Two other swimming pools (Caneton and Mainville) that offer different activities like aquagym are also available.

In the Bergeries quarter of the town, the COSEC Ferdinand-Buisson offers facilities for handball, table-tennis, badminton, gymnastics and martial arts. Other sports complex around the town organise activities such as volleyball, tennis, athletics, basketball, boxing, roller-blading, etc.

Health

A survey in 2010 found that there were thirty-eight doctors (general practitioners and specialists), fourteen dental surgeons, eleven pharmacists, etc.

Public transport

Many buses ply between many areas in Draveil round-the-clock on a regular basis. Fares for the buses are included in the Navigo pass. Buses from Draveil also serve Juvisy, Orly Airport, Rungis International Market and other neighbouring towns. Draveil is not directly linked to the Paris Métro network. This is a result of a decision taken by the local authorities in order to keep land developers at bay and preserve the town's provincial charm. The Paris metro network can be reached from Juvisy station, which is across the Seine. Juvisy station has two RER lines to reach the centre of Paris within 15 minutes: RER line C and RER line D. This station is located in the neighboring commune of Juvisy-sur-Orge, 2 km (1.2 mi) from the town center of Draveil.

Famous inhabitants

A list of famous people who were either born or lived in Draveil include :

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "A Draveil, le fidèle Richard Privat succède à Georges Tron, incarcéré, au poste de maire". Le Parisien (in French). 8 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b Commune de Draveil (91201), INSEE
  4. ^ "Visits to twinning towns - costs - a Freedom of Information request to Brighton and Hove City Council". WhatDoTheyKnow. 2014-01-30. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  5. ^ Draveil en quelques mots et quelques chiffres, Mairie de Draveil, accessed 26 May 2021.
  6. ^ Champrosay, Mairie de Draveil, accessed 26 May 2021.
  7. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Draveil, EHESS. (in French)
  8. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  9. ^ Ville de Draveil, annuaire-mairie.fr, accessed 26 May 2021
  10. ^ "Georges Tron démissionne de son mandat de maire de Draveil". Le Monde. 25 May 2021.
  11. ^ La Seine à Champrosay, Musée d'Orsay