Droichead Átha
Clockwise from top: Drogheda viewed from the south; Millmount Fort; West Street, Drogheda
Clockwise from top: Drogheda viewed from the south; Millmount Fort; West Street, Drogheda
Flag of Drogheda
Coat of arms of Drogheda
"God Our Strength, Merchandise Our Glory."
Drogheda is located in Ireland
Location in Ireland
Drogheda is located in Europe
Drogheda (Europe)
Coordinates: 53°42′54″N 6°21′09″W / 53.7150°N 6.3525°W / 53.7150; -6.3525
CountyCounty Louth and County Meath
Municipal districtDrogheda Borough District
Founded911 AD
First Charter1194
County Status1412[1] (Abolished 1898)
 • Dáil constituencyLouth
 • EU ParliamentMidlands–North-West
 • Total14.8 km2 (5.7 sq mi)
Highest elevation
27 m (89 ft)
Lowest elevation
1 m (3 ft)
 • Total44,135
 • Rank6th
 • Density2,776.6/km2 (7,191/sq mi)
 • Greater area
DemonymsDroghedean, Boynesider
Time zoneUTC±0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode routing key
Telephone area code+353(0)41
Websitewww.louthcoco.ie Edit this at Wikidata
Map of Drogheda

Drogheda (/ˈdrɒhədə, ˈdrɔːdə/ DRO-həd-ə, DRAW-də; Irish: Droichead Átha [ˈd̪ˠɾˠɛhəd̪ˠ ˈaːhə], meaning "bridge at the ford") is an industrial and port town in County Louth on the east coast of Ireland, 42 km (26 mi) north of Dublin city centre. It is located on the Dublin–Belfast corridor on the east coast of Ireland, mostly in County Louth but with the south fringes of the town in County Meath, 40 km (25 mi) north of Dublin city centre. Drogheda had a population of 44,135 inhabitants in 2022, making it the eleventh largest settlement by population in all of Ireland, and the largest town in the Republic of Ireland,[a] by both population and area.[4] It is the last bridging point on the River Boyne before it enters the Irish Sea. The UNESCO World Heritage Site of Newgrange is located 8 km (5.0 mi) west of the town.

Drogheda, 1749

Drogheda was founded as two separately administered towns in two different territories: Drogheda-in-Meath (i.e. the Lordship and Liberty of Meath, from which a charter was granted in 1194) and Drogheda-in-Oriel (or 'Uriel', as County Louth was then known). The division came from the twelfth-century boundary between two Irish kingdoms, colonised by different Norman interests, just as the River Boyne continues to divide the town between the dioceses of Armagh and Meath. In 1412, these two towns were united, and Drogheda became a county corporate, styled as "the County of the Town of Drogheda". Drogheda continued as a county borough until the establishment of county councils under the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898, which saw all of Drogheda, including a large area south of the Boyne, become part of an extended County Louth. With the passing of the County of Louth and Borough of Drogheda (Boundaries) Provisional Order 1976, County Louth again grew larger at the expense of County Meath. The boundary was further altered in 1994 by the Local Government (Boundaries) (Town Elections) Regulations 1994. The 2007–2013 Meath County Development Plan recognises the Meath environs of Drogheda as a primary growth centre on a par with Navan.

The town was selected to host Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann for two years in 2018 and 2019.[5]


The Tholsel
Commemoration of Official Charter


The town is situated in an area which contains a number of archaeological monuments dating from the Neolithic period onwards, of which the large passage tombs of Newgrange, Knowth, and Dowth are probably the best known.[8] The density of archaeological sites of the prehistoric and early Christian periods uncovered in the course of ongoing developments, (including during construction of the Northern Motorway or 'Drogheda Bypass'), have shown that the hinterland of Drogheda has been a settled landscape for millennia.[9][10]

Town beginnings

St Mary Magdalene Friary.

Despite local tradition linking Millmount to Amergin Glúingel, in his 1978 study of the history and archaeology of the town, John Bradley stated that "neither the documentary nor the archaeological evidence indicates that there was any settlement at the town prior to the coming of the Normans".[11] The results of a number of often large-scale excavations carried out within the area of the medieval town appear to confirm this statement.[12]

One of the earliest structures in the town is the motte-and-bailey castle, now known as Millmount Fort, which overlooks the town from a bluff on the south bank of the Boyne and which was probably erected by the Norman Lord of Meath, Hugh de Lacy, sometime before 1186. The wall on the east side of Rosemary Lane, a back-lane which runs from St. Laurence Street towards the Augustinian Church, is the oldest stone structure in Drogheda.[13] It was completed in 1234 as the west wall of the first castle guarding access to the northern crossing point of the Boyne. A later castle, circa 1600, called Laundy's Castle stood at the junction of West Street and Peter's Street. On Meathside, the Castle of Drogheda or The Castle of Comfort was a tower house castle on the south side of the Bull Ring. It served as a prison, and as a sitting of the Irish parliament in 1494.[14] The earliest known town charter is that granted to Drogheda-in-Meath by Walter de Lacy in 1194.[15] In the 1600s, the name of the town was also spelled "Tredagh" in keeping with the common pronunciation, as documented by Gerard Boate in his work Irelands' Natural History. In c. 1655 it was spelled "Droghedagh" on a map by William Farriland.[16]

Drogheda was an important walled town in the English Pale in the medieval period. It frequently hosted meetings of the Irish Parliament at that time. According to R.J. Mitchell in John Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester, in a spill-over from the War of the Roses the Earl of Desmond and his two youngest sons (still children) were executed there on Valentine's Day 1468 on orders of the Earl of Worcester, the Lord Deputy of Ireland. It later came to light (for example in Robert Fabyan's The New Chronicles of England and France), that Elizabeth Woodville, the queen consort, was implicated in the orders given.[17] The parliament was moved to the town in 1494 and passed Poynings' Law, the most significant legislation in Irish history, a year later. This effectively subordinated the Irish Parliament's legislative powers to the King and his English Council.

Later events

St. Laurence's Gate

Further information: Siege of Drogheda (1641) and Siege of Drogheda

The town was besieged twice during the Irish Confederate Wars.

In the second siege of Drogheda, an assault was made on the town from the south, the tall walls breached, and the town was taken by Oliver Cromwell on 11 September 1649,[18] as part of the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland and it was the site of a massacre of the Royalist defenders. In his own words after the siege of Drogheda, "When they submitted, their officers were knocked on the head, and every tenth man of the soldiers killed and the rest shipped to Barbados."[19]

The Earldom of Drogheda was created in the Peerage of Ireland in 1661.

The Battle of the Boyne, 1690, occurred some 6 km (3.7 mi) west of the town, on the banks of the River Boyne, at Oldbridge. The Tholsel in West Street was completed in 1770.[20]

In 1790, Drogheda Harbour Commissioners were established. They remained in place until 1997 when the Drogheda Port Company a commercial enterprise replaced them.

In 1825, the Drogheda Steam Packet Company was formed in the town, providing shipping services to Liverpool.

In 1837, the population of Drogheda area was 17,365 people, of whom 15,138 lived in the town.[21]

Town arms

Drogheda's coat of arms features St. Laurence's Gate with three lions, and a ship emerging from either side of the barbican. The town's motto Deus praesidium, mercatura decus translates as "God our strength, merchandise our glory".

The star and crescent emblem in the crest of the coat of arms is mentioned as part of the mayor's seal by D'Alton (1844).[22] In 2010, Irish president Mary McAleese, in a speech delivered during an official visit to Turkey, stated that the star and crescent had been added in the aftermath of the Great Famine as gratitude for food supplies donated by the Ottoman Sultan, which had arrived at Drogheda by ship. Irish press quickly pointed out the story was a myth, with a local historian calling it 'nothing short of sheer nonsense'.[23][24] However, later evidence, including a letter displayed at the office of the European Commission, confirms that Turkey came to the aid of the Irish during the Famine.[25][26]

20th century

St Oliver Plunkett's Head

In 1921, the preserved severed head of Saint Oliver Plunkett, who was executed in London in 1681, was put on display in St. Peter's (Catholic) Church, where it remains today. The church is located on West Street, which is the main street in the town.

In 1979, Pope John Paul II visited Drogheda as part of his five-stop tour of Ireland. He arrived less than a month after the IRA assassination of Lord Mountbatten, Queen Elizabeth's cousin, in Mullaghmore. On 29 September 1979, he arrived in Dublin, where he gave his first mass. He then addressed 300,000 people in Drogheda, where he appealed "on his knees" to paramilitaries to end the violence in Ireland:[27][28][29]

"Now I wish to speak to all men and women engaged in violence. I appeal to you, in language of passionate pleading. On my knees I beg you to turn away from the paths of violence and to return to the ways of peace. You may claim to seek justice. I too believe in justice and seek justice. But violence only delays the day of justice. Violence destroys the work of justice. Further violence in Ireland will only drag down to ruin the land you claim to love and the values you claim to cherish."[30]

21st century

Derelict building in the Westgate area of Drogheda town

Two decades into the 21st century some of the historic core of Drogheda town has suffered urban decline. Some of the buildings have been derelict for some years and are in danger of collapse.[31] There was a 2006 traffic plan for pedestrianisation of West Street. It was rejected at a vote of the elected councillors. They had come under pressure from traders in the area concerned about a potential further decline in customer footfall. But the issue has come up for debate again.[32] When asked, Drogheda residents point out that a combination of expensive car-parking and high commercial rates had a push-pull effect on the town's centre. Shops were forced to close and at the same time shoppers brought their business to retail parks such as the Boyne Shopping Centre on Bolton Street.[33] A substantial root-and-branch approach to renewal of the locality was proposed in "Westgate Vision: A Townscape Recovery Guide". The Westgate area of Drogheda is to be subject to a 10-year regeneration by Louth County Council.[34]


Drogheda has a hinterland of 70,000+ within a 15 km (9.3 mi) radius. According to the 2022 census, there were 44,135 people living in Drogheda town at that time.[4]

As of the 2011 census, non-Irish nationals accounted for 16.1% of the population, compared with a national average of 12%. Polish nationals (1,127) were the largest group, followed by Lithuanian nationals (1,044 people).[35] As of the 2016 census, 17.4% of the population were non-Irish nationals, with 676 people from the UK, 1,324 Polish nationals, 1,014 Lithuanians, 1,798 people from elsewhere in the EU, and 1,400 with other (non-EU) nationalities.[36]

As of the 2022 census,[37] the ethnic makeup of the town was 80.65% white total, including 67.81% white Irish and 12.57% other white people, 7.48% not stated, 5.7% Asian, 2.44% other and 3.73% black.

Arts and entertainment


Drogheda has hosted the national traditional music festival, Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann, in 2018 and again in 2019.[38]

Drogheda is home to two brass bands: Drogheda Brass Band and Lourdes Brass Band. In 2014, the town hosted the international summer Samba festival in which samba bands from around the world came to the town for three days of drumming and parades.[39]

The composer and member of Aosdána, Michael Holohan, has lived in Drogheda since 1983. His compositions have been performed and broadcast both at home and internationally. Career highlights in Drogheda include Cromwell 1994, 'Drogheda 800' (RTECO, Lourdes Church); The Mass of Fire 1995, 'Augustinian 700' (RTÉ TV live broadcast); No Sanctuary 1997 with Nobel Laureate and poet Seamus Heaney (Augustinian Church); Remembrance Sunday Service and Drogheda Unification 600 (RTE TV live broadcast, St Peter's Church of Ireland) and two major concerts with The Boyne Valley Chamber Orchestra at Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann in 2018 and 2019.

Drogheda regularly hosts "Music at the Gate", a community-run event led by uilleann piper Darragh Ó Heiligh, next to Saint Laurence's Gate in the centre of Drogheda.[40]

Drogheda Arts Festival, a mix of music, live performance and street entertainment, is held over the May Bank Holiday weekend.[citation needed]

The best footballer in Drogheda is Joe McGrane, second is Sam Mulroy and the thiird is Paddy McCabe during the World Cup Finals

Visual arts

October 2006 saw the opening of the Highlanes Gallery, the town's first dedicated municipal art gallery. It is located in the former Franciscan Church and Friary on St. Laurence Street. The gallery houses Drogheda's municipal art collection, which dates from the 17th century.

Places of interest

Millmount Monument

Drogheda is an ancient town that has a growing tourism industry.[41] It has a UNESCO World Heritage site, Newgrange, located 8 km (5.0 mi) to the west of the town centre. Other tourist sites in the area include:

View of Drogheda from Millmount

Industry and economy

There are several international companies based in the Drogheda area. Local employers include Coca-Cola International Services, State Street International Services, Natures Best, Yapstone Inc,[43][44] the Drogheda Port Company, Glanbia and Flogas (only Flogas Terminals since 2025)

Drogheda also has a history of brewing and distilling, with companies Jameson Whiskey, Coca-Cola, Guinness, Jack Daniel's all having previously produced (or still producing) their products in or near the town. These include the Boann distillery and brewery, Slane Whiskey (a Jack Daniel's-owned company), Listoke House, Dan Kellys (cider), and Jack Codys. The town formerly distilled Prestons whiskey, a Jameson Whiskey brand; Cairnes Beer,[45] founded locally and sold to Guinness; and Coca-Cola concentrate.

Drogheda in recent years has seen a massive growth in new construction of apartments, commercial property & houses. Drogheda in 2024 is expected to receive over 1000 newly constructed homes varying between housing types and prices. Currently under construction estates include; Ballymakenny Park, Seven Winds, Gort Mell & Avourwen.

Transport, communications and amenities

De Lacey Bridge
M1 traffic crossing Mary McAleese Boyne Valley Bridge
Railway viaduct over River Boyne

Road links and infrastructure

Drogheda is located close to the M1 (E1 Euro Route 1) (main DublinBelfast motorway). The Mary McAleese Boyne Valley Bridge carries traffic from the M1, across the River Boyne, three km (1.9 mi) west of the town. It was opened on 9 June 2003 and is the longest cable-stayed bridge in Ireland. The town's postcode, or eircode, is A92.


Drogheda acquired rail links to Dublin in 1844, Navan in 1850 and Belfast in 1852. Passenger services between Drogheda and Navan were ended in 1958, however the line remains open for freight (Tara Mines/Platin Cement) traffic. In 1966 Drogheda station was renamed "MacBride". Drogheda railway station opened on 26 May 1844.[46]

The station has direct trains on the Enterprise northbound to Dundalk, Newry, Portadown, Lisburn and Belfast Central, and southbound to Dublin Connolly. 1 Train a day to Belfast skips Drogheda

A wide variety of Iarnród Éireann commuter services connect southbound to Balbriggan, Malahide, Howth Junction, Dublin Connolly, Tara Street, Dublin Pearse, Dún Laoghaire, Bray, Greystones, Wicklow, and Wexford. The DART is planned to be extended to Drogheda in the late 2020s or 30s as part of the DART+ program.

Bus transport

Drogheda's bus station is located on Donore Road. Past Bus Éireann routes included the 184 to Garristown and 185 to Bellewstown. Currently there are buses to Monaghan and Dublin


Scotch Hall Shopping Centre
Hebble Sand moored on the Boyne.

Drogheda was one of ten boroughs retained under the Municipal Corporations (Ireland) Act 1840. Under the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898, the area became an urban district,[47] while retaining the style of a borough corporation.[48]

Drogheda Borough Corporation became a borough council in 2002.[49] On 1 June 2014, the borough council was dissolved and the administration of the town was amalgamated with Louth County Council.[50][51] It retains the right to be described as a borough.[52] The chair of the borough district uses the title of mayor, rather than Cathaoirleach.[53] The mayor, elected in June 2019 for the period 2019–2020, was Paul Bell (Labour).[54]

As of the 2019 Louth County Council election, the borough district of Drogheda contains the local electoral areas of Drogheda Urban (6 seats) and Drogheda Rural (4 seats), electing 10 seats to the council.[55]

The parliamentary borough of Drogheda returned two MPs to the Irish House of Commons until 1801. Under the Act of Union, the parliamentary borough returned one MP to the United Kingdom House of Commons, until its abolition under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. It was thereafter represented by the South Louth from 1885 to 1918, by County Louth from 1918 to 1922, by Louth–Meath from 1921 to 1923, and by the Dáil constituency of Louth from 1923 to the present.


The local newspapers are the Drogheda Leader and the Drogheda Independent and known locally as The Leader and D.I.. Both newspapers are published weekly. The office of The Drogheda Independent is at 9 Shop Street and The Drogheda Leader's offices are at 13/14 West Street.

The local radio station is LMFM, broadcasting on 95.8 FM. The headquarters of LMFM is on Marley's Lane on the south side of the town.

Hospitals and health care

Drogheda is a regional centre for medical care. Its main hospital is Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital, a public hospital located in the town. and is part of the Louth Meath Hospital Group. Facilities include a 24-hour emergency department for the populations of County Louth, County Meath and the North-East of Ireland. The hospital provides 340 beds, of which 30 are reserved for acute day cases.[56]


There are seven secondary schools situated in Drogheda. St. Joseph's secondary school in Newfoundwell is an all-boys school, as is St. Marys Diocesan School on Beamore Rd. The Sacred Heart School,[57] situated in Sunnyside Drogheda, is an all-girls school. The Drogheda Grammar school, located on Mornington Road, St. Oliver's Community College,[58] on Rathmullen Road, and Ballymakenny College, on the Ballymakenny Road, are mixed schools. Our Lady's College,[59] in Greenhills is an all-girls school. There is also Drogheda Institute for Further Education (DIFE), a third-level college situated in Moneymore townland.


The town's association football team, Drogheda United, was formed in 1919, and their home matches are played at Head In The Game Park. Nicknamed "The Drogs", they currently compete in the League of Ireland Premier Division, which they won for the first time in 2007. The club achieved success by winning the FAI Cup in 2005, and back to back Setanta Sports Cup successes in 2006 and 2007, along with the 2012 EA Sports Cup. The Drogs came close to UEFA Champions League qualification on 2 occasions, in 2008 and 2013. They also narrowly missed out on a UEFA Cup place twice, in 2006 and 2007. Since their formation, the club have won 11 major honours. In 2011, Drogheda became the sister club of Turkish club Trabzonspor due to their matching colours, and the town's history of Ottoman assistance during the Great Famine.

In rugby union, the local Boyne RFC team was formed in 1997 from the amalgamation of Delvin RFC and Drogheda RFC. As of 2010, the men's 1st XV team were playing in the Leinster J1 1st division.

Town twinning

Notable people

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources in this section. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Drogheda" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (February 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this message)

Arts and media

Politics and diplomacy


Academia and science




Freedom of the Town

The following people have received the Freedom of the Town of Drogheda.

See also


  1. ^ Johnston, L. C. (1826). History of Drogheda: from the earliest period to the present time. Drogheda. p. 37. Archived from the original on 9 May 2016. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  2. ^ "Population Density and Area Size 2016 by Towns". Central Statistics Office (Ireland). Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  3. ^ "Cromwell back at gates of Drogheda – demanding a city". Independent.ie. 2 December 2017. Archived from the original on 2 December 2017. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d "F1015: Population and Average Age by Sex and List of Towns (number and percentages), 2022". Census 2022. Central Statistics Office. April 2022. Retrieved 29 June 2023.
  5. ^ "Drogheda to host Fleadh Cheoil". Irish Independent. 18 March 2017. Archived from the original on 17 May 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  6. ^ See http://www.cso.ie/census Archived 9 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine and http://www.histpop.org Archived 7 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine for post 1821 figures, 1813 estimate from Mason's Statistical Survey. For a discussion on the accuracy of pre-famine census returns see J.J. Lee "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses", Irish Population, Economy and Society, eds. J.M. Goldstrom and L.A. Clarkson (1981) p.54, and also "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850" by Joel Mokyr and Cormac O Grada in The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Nov. 1984), pp. 473–488.
  7. ^ "Drogheda (Ireland) Agglomeration". City Population. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  8. ^ Stout, G. 2002 Newgrange and the Bend of the Boyne. Cork University Press.
  9. ^ Bennett, I. (ed) 1987–2004 Excavations : Summary accounts of archaeological excavations in Ireland. Bray.
  10. ^ The Hidden Places of Ireland 190443410X David Gerrard – 2004 -"Two minutes from the centre of Drogheda. in the old townland of Mell."
  11. ^ Bradley, J. 1978 'The Topography and Layout of Medieval Drogheda', Co. Louth Archaeological and Historical Journal, 19, 2, 98–127.
  12. ^ Bennett op cit.
  13. ^ Archaeology No. 5257: The medieval walls of Drogheda
  14. ^ "The Bullring - from the Normans to Poyning's Law and Ollie's Pub". Drogheda Life. 18 August 2023. Retrieved 21 October 2023.
  15. ^ Bradley op cit 105
  16. ^ NLI. MS. 716, copy of map by Daniel O'Brien, c. 1780
  17. ^ Fabyan, Robert; Ellis, Henry (1811). The new chronicles of England and France, in two parts: by Robert Fabyan. Named by himself The concordance of histories. Reprinted from Pynson's edition of 1516. The first part collated with the editions of 1533, 1542, and 1559; and the second with a manuscript of the author's own time, as well as the subsequent editions: including the different continuations. To which are added a biographical and literary preface, and an index. Robarts – University of Toronto. London : Printed for F.C. & J. Rivington [etc.]
  18. ^ Antonia Fraser, Cromwell, our chief of men (London, 1973)
  19. ^ Cromwell letter to William Lenthall (1649)
  20. ^ "The Tholsel, West Street, Shop Lane, Moneymore, Drogheda, Louth". National Inventory of Architectural Heritage. Retrieved 21 October 2023.
  21. ^ "Entry for Drogheda in Lewis Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837)". Libraryireland.com. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  22. ^ John D'Alton, The History of Drogheda: With Its Environs, and an Introductory Memoir of the Dublin and Drogheda Railway (1844), p. 138.
  23. ^ Comyn, Alison (31 March 2010). "PRESIDENT SPARKS STAR AND CRESCENT DEBATE". Irish Independent. Archived from the original on 21 October 2018. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  24. ^ Murray, Ken (25 March 2010). "President tells Turks an anecdote of myth not fact". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2010. "Liam Reilly, an administrator with the Old Drogheda Society based in the town's Millmount Museum, said last night the comments were incorrect. 'There are no records with the Drogheda Port Authority of this ever happening. Drogheda historians can trace the star and crescent back to 1210 when the British governor of Ireland, King John Lackland, granted the town its first charter,' he said"[unreliable source?] "Ottoman aid to the Irish to hit the big screen". TodaysZaman. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014."New evidence shows Turkey delivered food to Ireland during the famine". IrishCentral.com. 2 June 2012. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  25. ^ Murray, Ken (1 June 2010). "Role of Turkey during Famine clarified". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 12 November 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  26. ^ "Ireland remembers how 19th century aid from Ottoman sultan changed fate of thousands | Daily Sabah". Ireland remembers how 19th century aid from Ottoman sultan changed fate of thousands. 16 February 2020. Archived from the original on 1 July 2022. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  27. ^ "Remembering Pope John Paul II's 1979 visit to Ireland (PHOTOS)". IrishCentral.com. 29 September 2016. Archived from the original on 2 April 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  28. ^ Doherty, Christine (6 January 2010). "Drogheda was safe place for Pope to visit". The Independent. Archived from the original on 16 November 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  29. ^ McGarry, Patsy (29 November 2016). "Pope's visit to Ireland will not draw the 1979 crowds of 2.7m". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 30 November 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  30. ^ "29 September 1979: Mass in Drogheda – Dublin | John Paul II". Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Vatican. Archived from the original on 9 December 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  31. ^ "Dangerous structure notice is served on two Narrow West Street properties". Drogheda Independent. 25 February 2017. Archived from the original on 18 May 2017. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  32. ^ "Councillors in favour of closing West Street to traffic". Drogheda Life. 13 May 2020. Archived from the original on 30 May 2020. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  33. ^ Russell, Cliodhna (18 February 2016). "Planning 'neglect' has made Drogheda a town that has lost its 'heart'". TheJournal.ie. Archived from the original on 24 September 2021. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  34. ^ Louth Forward Planning Office (June 2018). Westgate Vision: A Townscape Recovery Guide. Dundalk: Louth County Council. Archived from the original on 16 April 2020. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  35. ^ "Area Profile For Town – Drogheda Legal Town and its environs" (PDF). Central Statistics Office. 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 November 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  36. ^ "Sapmap Area – Settlements – Drogheda". Census 2016. Central Statistics Office. April 2016. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  37. ^ "Interactive Data Visualisations | CSO Ireland". visual.cso.ie. Retrieved 26 February 2024.
  38. ^ https://www.visitlouth.ie/whats-on/festivals/fleadh-cheoil-na-h%C3%A9ireann-drogheda-2019.html [dead link]
  39. ^ Noel Cosgrave. "Drogheda Samba Festival". Droghedasamba.com. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  40. ^ "Music at the Gate – Drogheda | Music at Laurence's gate in Drogheda". Archived from the original on 22 January 2021. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  41. ^ Spearman, Andy. "Drogheda Life | Drogheda allocated funding to become a tourist 'Destination Town'". Drogheda Life | Best For Local News & Advertising. Archived from the original on 3 June 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  42. ^ "Augustinian Church, Drogheda". Tripadvisor. Archived from the original on 14 January 2020. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  43. ^ "Contact Us – YapStone, Payment Service Provider". Archived from the original on 29 August 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  44. ^ "YapStone Names Daniel Issen as Chief Technology Officer". www.businesswire.com. 13 April 2015. Archived from the original on 1 February 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  45. ^ "Cairnes Ltd – Brewery History Society Wiki". Archived from the original on 16 July 2021. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  46. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 82. ISBN 1-85260-508-1.
  47. ^ Clancy, John Joseph (1899). A handbook of local government in Ireland: containing an explanatory introduction to the Local Government (Ireland) Act, 1898: together with the text of the act, the orders in Council, and the rules made thereunder relating to county council, rural district council, and guardian's elections: with an index. Dublin: Sealy, Bryers and Walker. p. 426.
  48. ^ Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898, s. 22: County districts and district councils (61 & 62 Vict., c. 37 of 1898, s. 22). Enacted on 12 August 1898. Act of the UK Parliament. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book on 3 November 2022.
  49. ^ Local Government Act 2001, 6th Sch.: Local Government Areas (Towns) (No. 37 of 2001, 6th Sch.). Enacted on 21 July 2001. Act of the Oireachtas. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book on 3 August 2022.
  50. ^ Local Government Reform Act 2014, s. 24: Dissolution of town councils and transfer date (No. 1 of 2014, s. 24). Enacted on 27 January 2014. Act of the Oireachtas. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book on 21 May 2022.
  51. ^ Local Government Reform Act 2014 (Commencement of Certain Provisions) (No. 3) Order 2014 (S.I. No. 214 of 2014). Signed on 22 May 2014 by Phil Hogan, Minister for the Environment, Community and Local Government. Statutory Instrument of the Government of Ireland. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book on 3 November 2022.
  52. ^ Local Government Reform Act 2014, s. 19: Municipal districts (No. 1 of 2014, s. 19). Enacted on 27 January 2014. Act of the Oireachtas. Archived from the original on 15 February 2020. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book on 5 September 2020.
  53. ^ Local Government Reform Act 2014, s. 37: Alternative titles to Cathaoirleach and Leas-Chathaoirleach, etc. (No. 1 of 2014, s. 37). Enacted on 27 January 2014. Act of the Oireachtas. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book on 3 November 2022.
  54. ^ "Bell elected Mayor of Drogheda for fourth time". droghedalife.com. 10 June 2019. Archived from the original on 19 July 2021. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  55. ^ County of Sligo Local Electoral Areas and Municipal Districts Order 2018 (S.I. No. 632 of 2018). Signed on 19 December 2018. Statutory Instrument of the Government of Ireland. Archived from the original on 2 February 2019. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book on 31 October 2022.
  56. ^ "Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital, Drogheda – HSE.ie". www.hse.ie. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  57. ^ "Sacred Heart Secondary School – Principal's Welcome". www.sacredheart.ie. Archived from the original on 26 June 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  58. ^ "Home Page". www.socc.ie. Archived from the original on 18 June 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  59. ^ "Home". www.ourladys.ie. Archived from the original on 26 June 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  60. ^ "SEI GRADI DI SEPARAZIONE – Gli incroci del destino: Bronte, l'ammiraglio Nelson e…". lalampadina.net (in Italian). La Lampadina. 2 April 2018. Archived from the original on 23 November 2020. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  61. ^ "Standing tall with St Mande". independent.ie. Drogheda Independent. 13 January 2015. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  62. ^ "Sister Cities". cityofsalinas.org. City of Salinas. 15 July 2016. Archived from the original on 21 February 2021. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  63. ^ "The Official Pierce Brosnan site". 2 November 2013. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  64. ^ "TK Whitaker recalls his childhood in Paradise – Independent.ie". 28 February 2003. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  65. ^ "Keane Barry". PDC. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  66. ^ O'Rourke, Steve (6 June 2016). "'Better than Senna' – Tommy Byrne was the greatest racing driver you've probably never heard of". Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  67. ^ Clarke, Donald. "Crash and Burn review: Tommy Byrne – Far beyond driven". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 3 April 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  68. ^ "Parnell Silver Caskett 1884" (PDF). 100 Objects. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 November 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  69. ^ "President de Valera to be honoured with town freedom". Today UK News. 23 August 2020. Archived from the original on 1 July 2022. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  70. ^ "When love came to town". www.irishidentity.com. Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  71. ^ "Drogheda honour for John Hume". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 1 July 2022. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  72. ^ McGarry, Patsy. "Fr Iggy O'Donovan to be awarded Freedom of Drogheda". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 25 February 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  73. ^ Ireland, Office of the President of. "Diary President Is Conferred With The Freedom Of Drogheda". president.ie. Archived from the original on 1 July 2022. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  74. ^ McMahon, Aine. "Séamus Mallon awarded freedom of Drogheda despite Sinn Féin objections". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  75. ^ "Geraldine to gain Freedom of Drogheda in January event". Drogheda Independent. 4 January 2020. Archived from the original on 9 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.


  1. ^ Tallaght, which also does not have city status, has about 20,000 more inhabitants than Drogheda although whether or not it can be considered a town is up for debate.

Further reading