Dublin University
Seanad Éireann Constituency
Current constituency
Created1938
Seats3
Senators
  •   David Norris (Ind)
  •   Lynn Ruane (Ind)
  •   Tom Clonan (Ind)

Dublin University is a university constituency in Ireland, which currently elects three senators to Seanad Éireann. Its electorate comprises the undergraduate scholars and graduates of the University of Dublin, whose sole constituent college is Trinity College Dublin, so it is often also referred to as the Trinity College constituency. Between 1613 and 1937 it elected MPs or TDs to a series of representative legislative bodies.

Representation

From To Chamber Members
1613 1800 House of Commons of Ireland 2
1801 1832 House of Commons of the United Kingdom 1
1832 1922 House of Commons of the United Kingdom 2
1921 1922 House of Commons of Southern Ireland 4
1922 1923 Dáil Éireann 4
1923 1937 Dáil Éireann 3
1938 present Seanad Éireann 3

House of Commons of Ireland (1613–1800)

Dublin University
Former constituency
for the Irish House of Commons
Former constituency
Created1613 (1613)
Abolished1801

When James I first convened the Parliament of Ireland, the University of Dublin was given two MPs, elected by the Provost, Fellows and Scholars of Trinity College. It was not represented among the 30 Irish MPs which were part of the Protectorate Parliament during the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.

Party organisations were not persistent during this time period, and have been added where appropriate. Among the MPs for the university in this period was John FitzGibbon, who later as Lord Chancellor of Ireland played a key role in the passage of the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the Kingdom of Ireland with the Kingdom of Great Britain to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Parliament Election MP (Party) MP (Party)
Parliament of James I 1613 William Temple Charles Doyne
1628 William Bedell James Donnellan
1628 William Fitzgerald
First Parliament of Charles I 1634 Sir James Ware
Second Parliament of Charles I 1639 William Gilbert
First Protectorate Parliament 1654 University not represented
Parliament of Charles II 1661 Sir James Ware Lord John Butler
Parliament of James II 1689 Sir John Meade, Bt Joseph Coghlan
First Parliament of William III and Mary II 1692 Sir Cyril Wyche William Molyneux
(Whig)
Second Parliament of William III 1695 Richard Aldworth
1698 William Crow
First Parliament of Anne 1703 Sir William Robinson Edward Southwell
Second Parliament of Anne 1713 Marmaduke Coghill
(Whig)
John Elwood
Parliament of George I 1715 Samuel Dopping
1721 Edward Hopkins
Parliament of George II 1727 Samuel Molyneux
1728 John Elwood
1739 Philip Tisdall
1741 Archibald Acheson
First Parliament of George III 1761 William Clement
Second Parliament of George III 1768 Sir Capel Molyneaux, Bt
Third Parliament of George III 1776 Walter Burgh
(Patriot)
Richard Hely-Hutchinson
[a]
1778 John FitzGibbon
1782 Lawrence Parsons
(Patriot)
Fourth Parliament of George III 1783 Arthur Browne
Fifth Parliament of George III 1790 Francis Hely-Hutchinson
Sixth Parliament of George III 1797 George Knox
  1. ^ Election deemed invalid.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom (1801–1922)

Dublin University
Former University constituency
for the House of Commons
18011922

The Acts of Union 1800 merged the Parliament of Ireland with the Parliament of Great Britain, to form the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The 300 seats in the Irish House of Commons were reduced to 100 Irish members in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. The union took effect on 1 January 1801. The University of Dublin had one seat in this Parliament. There was no new election for the First Parliament of the United Kingdom: for constituencies like the University of Dublin which were reduced to one MP, they were chosen by lot, in this instance, George Knox

In the Representation of the People (Ireland) Act 1832, the university was given a second seat in Parliament, elected by plurality-at-large, and the franchise was extended to all those with a Master of Arts. At this stage, there were 2,073 voters on the register. Plural voting by those who held a vote in both geographical and the university was allowed and prevalent.

A Topographical Directory of Ireland, published in 1837, describes the Parliamentary history of the university.

By charter of James I. the university returned two members to the Irish parliament till the Union; after which time it returned only one member to the Imperial parliament, till the recent Reform act, since which it has returned two. The right of election, which was originally vested solely in the provost, fellows, and scholars, has, by the same act, been extended to all members of the age of 21 years, who had obtained, or should hereafter obtain, a fellowship, scholarship, or the degree of Master of Arts, and whose names should be on the college books : members thus qualified, who had removed their names from the books, were allowed six months to restore them, on paying a fee of £2, and such as continued their names, merely to qualify them to vote, pay annually to the college the sum of £1, or a composition of £5 in lieu of annual payment. The number of names restored under this provision was 3005, and at present the constituency amounts to 3135. The provost is the returning officer.

The Representation of the People Act 1918 extended the electorate to include all male graduates and scholars over the age of 21 and all female graduates and scholars over the age of 30, to be elected by single transferable vote. There were 4,541 voters registered for the 1918 general election. Plural voting continued to be allowed.

During the period of the Union between Ireland and Great Britain, the constituency predominantly elected Tory, Conservative and Unionist MPs, including Edward Gibson, who was later (as Lord Ashbourne) responsible for the Purchase of Land (Ireland) Act 1885, and Edward Carson, who led the Irish Unionist Alliance.

Dublin University was represented in the House of Commons until the dissolution of Parliament on 26 October 1922, shortly before the establishment of the Irish Free State became a dominion on 6 December 1922.

Election MP (Party) MP (Party)
1801 George Knox (T)[1] University represented by
one seat until 1832
1802
1806
1807 John Leslie Foster (T)
1812 William Plunket (W)[1]
1818
1820
1822 by-election
1826
1827 by-election John Wilson Croker (T)[1]
1830 Thomas Lefroy (T, C)[1]
1831
1832 Frederick Shaw (T, C)[1]
1835
1837
1841
1842 by-election Joseph Jackson (C)[1]
1843 by-election George Hamilton (C)
1847
1848 by-election Joseph Napier (C)
1852 by-election
1852
1857
1858 by-election Anthony Lefroy (C)
1859 by-election James Whiteside (C)
1859
1865
1866 by-election John Walsh (C)
1867 by-election Hedges Chatterton (C)
1867 by-election Robert Warren (C)
1868 John Ball (C)
1870 by-election David Plunket (C, U)
1874
1874 by-election
Jan. 1875 by-election Edward Gibson (C)
Feb. 1875 by-election
1877 by-election
1880
1885 by-election Hugh Holmes (C, U)
1885
1886
1886 by-election
1887 by-election Dodgson Madden (U)
1888 by-election
1892 Edward Carson (U)
1895
1895 by-election W. E. H. Lecky (Lib U)
1900
1903 by-election James Campbell (U)
1906
Jan. 1910
1900 by-election
Dec. 1910
1916 by-election
Feb. 1917 by-election Arthur Samuels (U)
Oct. 1917 by-election
1918 Robert Woods (Ind U)
1919 by-election William Jellett (U)

House of Commons of Southern Ireland (1921–1922)

The Government of Ireland Act 1920 established a devolved home rule legislature, within the United Kingdom, for twenty-six Irish counties which were designated Southern Ireland.

Dublin University was given four seats in the House of Commons of Southern Ireland. The seats were filled by Independent Unionist MPs who were returned unopposed. They were the only MPs who attended the abortive first meeting of the House. After the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the four MPs met with the Pro-Treaty members of the Second Dáil to ratify the Treaty. The Parliament was formally dissolved as part of the arrangements under the Treaty and the establishemt of the Irish Free State on 6 December 1922.

Dáil Éireann (1918–1937)

Sinn Féin contested the 1918 Westminster election on the basis that they would not take seats in the United Kingdom Parliament but would establish a revolutionary assembly in Dublin.

The university was, in Irish republican theory, entitled to return two Teachtaí Dála (known in English as Deputies and abbreviated as TDs) in 1918 to serve in the Irish Republic's First Dáil. This revolutionary body assembled on 21 January 1919.

In republican theory every MP elected in Ireland, including the two Unionist MPs from Dublin University, was a member of the First Dáil. In practice only Sinn Féin members participated.

The First Dáil passed a motion at its last meeting on 10 May 1921, the first three parts of which make explicit the republican view:

  1. That the Parliamentary elections which are to take place during the present month be regarded as elections to Dáil Éireann.
  2. That all deputies duly returned at these elections be regarded as members of Dáil Éireann and allowed to take their seats on subscribing to the proposed Oath of Allegiance.
  3. That the present Dáil dissolve automatically as soon as the new body has been summoned by the President and called to order.

The Second Dáil first met on 16 August 1921, thereby dissolving the First Dáil.

Sinn Féin used the polls for the Northern Ireland House of Commons and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as an election for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. No actual voting was necessary in Southern Ireland as all the seats were filled by unopposed returns. Except for this university all other constituencies elected Sinn Féin TDs. The university elected four Independent Unionist members unopposed. As with the First Dáil, those Deputies could have joined the Dáil if they chose.

The Third Dáil elected in 1922 was, in United Kingdom law, the constituent assembly for the Irish Free State. From this time the Dáil represented only the twenty-six Irish counties and not the six counties of Northern Ireland. Non-Sinn Féin Deputies, including those from the university, began to participate in the Dáil.

In the Electoral Act 1923, the Irish Free State defined its own Dáil constituencies. The University of Dublin was granted three seats, to be elected by single transferable vote by all graduates and scholars, regardless of sex, over the age of 21. Plural voting was not allowed.

The Constitution (Amendment No. 23) Act 1936, removed the provisions in Constitution of the Irish Free State for University representation in Dáil Éireann, with effect from the next dissolution of the Oireachtas, which took place on 14 June 1937. Voters resident in the State had their Dáil registration switched to the geographical constituency of their registered address.[2]

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for Dublin University 1918–1937
Key to parties
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
1st 1918 Arthur Samuels
(U)
Robert Woods
(Ind U)
2 seats under 1918 Act
1919 by-election William Jellett
(U)
2nd 1921 Ernest Alton
(Ind U)
James Craig
(Ind U)
William Thrift
(Ind U)
Gerald Fitzgibbon
(Ind U)
3rd 1922 Ernest Alton
(Ind)
James Craig
(Ind)
William Thrift
(Ind)
Gerald Fitzgibbon
(Ind)
4th 1923 3 seats
from 1923
5th 1927 (Jun)
6th 1927 (Sep)
7th 1932
8th 1933
1933 by-election Robert Rowlette
(Ind)

Seanad Éireann (1938 to present)

Article 18.4 of the Constitution of Ireland adopted in 1937, provided that the university would have three seats in the new Seanad Éireann. The Seanad Electoral (University Members) Act 1937 gave effect to the constitutional provision, and provided that they would be elected by single transferable vote. The first Seanad election took place in 1938, and thereafter elections to the Seanad take place within 90 days of the dissolution of the Dáil. The Seventh Amendment of the Constitution, adopted in 1979, allows for a redistribution of the six university seats among the University of Dublin, the National University of Ireland, and any other institutions of higher education in the State which do not have representation.[3] No legislation followed since to make any such change.

The electorate is Irish citizens who have received a degree from the university, or undergraduates who have been awarded a foundation scholarship or non-foundation scholarship at Trinity College.[4] After the Fourth Amendment in 1972, the age of eligibility was lowered from 21 to 18.[5] Voting for the Seanad is distinct from that for the Dáil, so it is not considered plural voting; however, plural voting is possible for those who have received degrees from both the University of Dublin and the National University of Ireland. Trinity College Dublin is the sole constituent college of the University of Dublin, so the electorate is predominantly composed of graduates of Trinity; however, from 1975 to 1998, the University of Dublin also awarded the degrees of graduates at the Dublin Institute of Technology.

Nominations are by electors in their personal capacity; unlike Dáil elections, there is no provision for nomination by parties.[6] Most of the senators for the constituency have campaigned as Independents, though Mary Robinson and Ivana Bacik took the Labour Party whip for periods of their time in the Seanad.

A number of the senators have a reputation of being quite socially liberal, including Owen Sheehy-Skeffington, Noël Browne, and Catherine McGuinness. Three Senators were later appointed to the Supreme Court: T. C. Kingsmill Moore, Gardner Budd and Catherine McGuinness. Mary Robinson, first elected in 1969, was later elected as President of Ireland in 1990. In 1987, David Norris became the first openly gay member of either house of the Oireachtas. The senators have often included current or recent academics within Trinity College, such as professor of Latin and provost Ernest Alton, professor of Greek William Bedell Stanford, professor of mathematics Trevor West, professor of medicine Mary Henry, Ivana Bacik in law, and David Norris in English.

Senators for Dublin University 1938–present
Key to parties
Sen Election Senator
(Party)
Senator
(Party)
Senator
(Party)
2nd 1938 Ernest Alton
(Ind)
Joseph Johnston
(Ind)
Robert Rowlette
(Ind)
3rd 1938
4th 1943 T. C. Kingsmill Moore
(Ind)
William Fearon
(Ind)
5th 1944 Joseph Johnston
(Ind)
1947 Joseph Bigger
(Ind)
6th 1948 William Stanford
(Ind)
7th 1951 Gardner Budd
(Ind)
1952 William Jessop
(Ind)
8th 1954 Owen Sheehy-Skeffington
(Ind)
9th 1957
1960 William Jessop
(Ind)
10th 1961 John Ross
(Ind)
11th 1965 Owen Sheehy-Skeffington
(Ind)
12th 1969 Mary Robinson
(Ind)
1970 Trevor West
(Ind)
13th 1973 Noël Browne
(Ind)
14th 1977 Conor Cruise O'Brien
(Ind)
Mary Robinson
(Lab)
1979 Catherine McGuinness
(Ind)
15th 1981 Shane Ross
(Ind)
16th 1982 Trevor West
(Ind)
17th 1983 Catherine McGuinness
(Ind)
18th 1987 David Norris
(Ind)
Mary Robinson
(Ind)
19th 1989 Carmencita Hederman
(Ind)
20th 1993 Mary Henry
(Ind)
21st 1997
22nd 2002
23rd 2007 Ivana Bacik
(Ind)
24th 2011 Sean Barrett
(Ind)
Ivana Bacik
(Lab)
25th 2016 Lynn Ruane
(Ind)
26th 2020
2022 Tom Clonan
(Ind)

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns.

Elections

From 1832 (when registers of electors were first prepared) a turnout figure is given, for the percentage of the registered electors who voted. If the number of registered electors eligible to take part in a contested election is unknown, then the last known electorate figure is used to calculate an estimated turnout. If the numbers of registered electors and electors taking part in the poll are known, an exact turnout figure is calculated. In two member bloc vote elections (in which an elector could cast one or two votes as he chose), where the exact number of electors participating is unknown, an estimated turnout figure is given. This is calculated by dividing the total number of votes cast by two. To the extent that electors used only one of their votes the estimated turnout figure is an underestimate.

Elections in the 2020s

2022 Seanad by-election: Dublin University[7][8][9][10]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Independent Hugo MacNeill 15.4% 2,068 2,071 2,075 2,085 2,092 2,102 2,121 2,153 2,250 2,290 2,312 2,391 2,624 2,863    
Independent Tom Clonan 14.5% 1,947 1,952 1,976 1,990 2,014 2,040 2,077 2,137 2,243 2,332 2,436 2,637 2,973 3,359 4,200 5,358
Independent Maureen Gaffney 14.0% 1,882 1,884 1,892 1,913 1,936 1,972 1,993 2,066 2,121 2,190 2,274 2,438 2,641 3,083 3,908 5,198
Green Party Hazel Chu[a] 13.2% 1,766 1,770 1,785 1,802 1,823 1,842 1,858 1,918 1,955 2,090 2,272 2,583 2,743 3,300 3,683  
Labour Party Ursula Quill[a] 8.6% 1,156 1,159 1,178 1,205 1,226 1,246 1,290 1,325 1,368 1,430 1,525 1,773 1,890      
Independent Aubrey McCarthy 7.1% 947 950 954 962 977 997 1,012 1,033 1,115 1,139 1,187 1,281        
Independent Sadhbh O'Neill 6.5% 870 873 879 896 909 931 940 991 1,030 1,105 1,186          
Social Democrats Catherine Stocker[a] 3.9% 521 521 530 541 548 563 576 600 608 657            
Independent Ade Oluborode 3.5% 471 479 488 500 508 528 548 576 586              
Independent Ray Bassett 3.4% 458 458 458 463 475 480 497 544                
Independent Patricia McKenna 3.1% 421 421 427 434 440 454 463                  
Independent Paula Roseingrave 1.5% 200 200 202 209 220                      
Labour Party Eoin Barry[a] 1.4% 189 192 199 199                        
Independent Ryan Alberto Ó Giobúin 1.4% 182 183 195 202 222 230                    
Independent Gisèle Scanlon 1.3% 170 170 174                          
Independent Michael McDermott 1.0% 132 134                            
Independent Abbas Ali O'Shea 0.3% 38                              
Electorate: 67,788   Valid: 13,418   Spoilt: 16   Quota: 6,710   Turnout: 13,434 (19.8%)  
  1. ^ a b c d Indication of party membership. No party labels appeared on the ballot.
2020 Seanad election: Dublin University[11]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Independent David Norris 24.2 3,646 3,671 3,728 3,768        
Labour Ivana Bacik 23.2 3,489 3,521 3,542 3,571 3,574 3,963    
Independent Lynn Ruane 18.4 2,780 2,805 2,825 2,870 2,871 3,229 3,348 4,072
Independent Hugo MacNeill 13.5 2,038 2,050 2,081 2,133 2,133 2,299 2,342 2,961
Independent Tom Clonan 9.3 1,394 1,417 1,440 1,492 1,493 1,682 1,722  
Green William Priestley 7.2 1,090 1,104 1,119 1,175 1,177      
Independent Keith Scanlon 1.8 276 285 297          
Independent Joseph O'Gorman 1.2 180 183            
Independent Abbas Ali O'Shea 0.5 81              
Independent Derek Byrne 0.4 67              
Electorate: Approx. 65,000[12]   Valid: 15,041   Spoilt: 12   Quota: 3,761   Turnout: Approx. 23.1%  

Elections in the 2010s

2016 Seanad election: Dublin University[13][14]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Independent David Norris 25.3 4,070                            
Labour Ivana Bacik 17.8 2,853 2,871 2,887 2,904 2,936 2,956 3,043 3,113 3,197 3,306 3,482 3,758 4,144    
Independent Lynn Ruane 8.6 1,378 1,381 1,399 1,418 1,434 1,471 1,524 1,563 1,646 1,793 1,903 2,128 2,480 2,511 3,343
Independent Averil Power 8.4 1,356 1,363 1,380 1,388 1,400 1,414 1,465 1,527 1,582 1,644 1,741 1,853 2,135 2,176  
Independent Sean Barrett 8.2 1,317 1,326 1,333 1,353 1,362 1,386 1,443 1,570 1,683 1,766 1,972 2,097 2,502 2,557 3,228
Independent Thomas Clonan 7.0 1,131 1,133 1,147 1,153 1,157 1,172 1,233 1,280 1,364 1,458 1,590 1,742      
Independent Oisín Coghlan 4.3 683 685 690 696 720 743 778 796 847 945 1,017        
Independent Anthony Staines 4.1 665 668 674 684 689 707 742 788 852 904          
Green William Priestley 3.4 548 550 561 574 598 634 661 689 737            
Independent Ethna Tinney 3.2 516 518 528 534 538 553 594 631              
Independent Sean Melly 2.8 450 451 452 465 471 497 513                
Independent Sabina Brennan 2.8 445 447 457 466 470 484                  
Independent Kevin Cunningham 1.4 232 233 246 255 259                    
Independent Eoin Meehan 0.9 143 143 145                        
Independent Edward Davitt 0.9 142 142 147 151                      
Independent Maeve Cox 0.8 135 136                          
Electorate: 57,732   Valid: 16,064   Spoilt: 43   Quota: 4,017   Turnout: 16,107 (27.9%)  

In 2011 Karin Dubsky, who was listed on the printed ballot papers, discovered after their distribution that she was not an Irish citizen and thus ineligible, and advised electors not to vote for her.[15] The returning officer ruled that ballots giving her a first preference would be excluded, but ballots giving her a lower preference would be transferred to the next lower preference when relevant.[16]

2011 Seanad election: Dublin University[17]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Independent David Norris 36.1 5623                                  
Labour Ivana Bacik 19.2 2982 3685 3685 3693 3701 3728 3781 3833 3889 3940                
Independent Tony Williams 8.6 1336 1493 1494 1501 1504 1522 1527 1539 1558 1601 1605 1642 1677 1730 1805 1869 2098 2480
Independent Sean Barrett 6.8 1051 1248 1256 1263 1273 1293 1314 1340 1356 1383 1391 1444 1493 1622 1823 1952 2450 3065
Independent Maurice Gueret 5.3 822 936 938 946 950 958 969 984 1005 1024 1030 1077 1149 1230 1333 1534 1803  
Independent Rosaleen McDonagh 2.9 446 511 511 513 522 522 528 544 559 576 584 622 762 837 909      
Independent Fiona O'Malley 2.8 441 590 550 550 554 562 570 596 619 632 637 660 685 752        
Independent Robin Hannan 2.6 406 443 443 443 447 450 455 468 480 495 498 529            
Independent Iggy McGovern 2.6 397 441 443 445 451 457 491 496 505 526 531 566 626          
Independent William Priestley 1.7 258 302 304 308 310 319 334 348 371 380 382              
Independent Jeff Dudgeon 1.3 205 236 237 237 241 242 245 252 258                  
Independent David Martin 1.3 194 221 221 221 223 226 233 241                    
Independent Dermot Frost 1.1 178 199 199 203 207 208                        
Independent Maeve Cox 1.1 174 213 214 215 217 225 233                      
Independent Graham Quinn 0.8 131 142 143 147 147                          
Independent Bart Connolly 0.4 72 80 80 80                            
Independent Dermot Sheehan 0.3 49 54 55                              
Independent Francis Donnelly[a] 0.1 20 27                                
Electorate: 53,583   Valid: 15,557   Spoilt: 257   Quota: 3,890   Turnout: 29.5%  
  1. ^ Francis Donnelly unofficially withdrew from the race on to concentrate on the Labour Panel in which he was also running. His name remained on the ballot paper.[18]

Elections in the 2000s

2007 Seanad election: Dublin University[19]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Independent Shane Ross 5,379 31.8 1 1
Independent David Norris 5,240 31.0 2 1
Independent Ivana Bacik 2,794 16.5 3 8
Independent Maurice Gueret 1,155 6.8
Independent Rosaleen McDonagh 684 4.0
Independent Seán O'Connor 514 3.0
Independent David Hutchinson Edgar 330 2.0
Independent Shay Conway 214 1.7
Independent David Martin 223 1.3
Independent Ike Efobi 201 1.2
Independent Stephen Douglas 183 1.1
2002 Seanad election: Dublin University
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Independent David Norris 3,493 24.5 1 5
Independent Shane Ross 3,465 24.3 2 5
Independent Mary Henry 2,123 14.9 3 10
Independent Ivana Bacik 1,591 11.2
Independent Sean Barrett 994 7.0
Independent Maurice Gueret 780 5.5
Independent Rosaleen McDonagh 733 5.2
Independent P.J. O'Meara 265 1.9
Independent David Martin 212 1.5
Independent Prabu Kulkarni 185 1.3
Independent Gerard McHugh 156 1.1
Independent Anthony O'Donnell 142 1.0
Independent Declan Boland 98 0.7
Electorate: 38,488   Valid: 14,237   Quota: 3,560   Turnout: 37.0%

Elections in the 1990s

1997 Seanad election: Dublin University[20]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Independent David Norris 4,866 36.4 1 1
Independent Shane Ross 2,475 18.5 3 6
Independent Mary Henry 2,410 18.0 2 5
Independent Sean Barrett 1,491 11.2
Independent Ivana Bacik 885 6.6
Independent Henry Mountcharles 461 3.5
Independent David Martin 345 2.6
Independent Prabhu Kulkarni 218 1.6
Independent Brian Caul 149 1.1
Independent Nigel Hutson 74 0.6
1993 Seanad election: Dublin University[21]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Independent David Norris 3,569 31.1 1 1
Independent Shane Ross 2,672 23.3 2 4
Independent Mary Henry 1,980 17.3 3 10
Independent James Rickard 1,006 8.8
Independent Claire Wheeler 505 4.4
Independent Alan Stanford 360 3.1
Independent Virginia Hogan 291 2.5
Independent David Martin 257 2.2
Independent John Dillon 251 2.2
Independent Erick Dillon 225 2.0
Independent Prabhu Kulkarni 129 1.1
Independent Frederick O'Connell 118 1.0
Independent Florence O'Donoghue 81 0.7
Independent Peter Cooke 28 0.2

Elections in the 1980s

1989 Seanad election: Dublin University[22]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6
Independent Shane Ross 26.8 2,443          
Independent David Norris 26.6 2,420          
Independent Carmencita Hederman 17.9 1,627 1,689 1,754 1,791 1,888 2,456
Independent Mary Henry 12.4 1,130 1,199 1,231 1,272 1,336 1,781
Independent J. Rickard 6.2 567 573 591 655 745  
Independent B. Harvey 4.4 407 425 436 462 522  
Independent P. F. O'Brien 3.5 319 325 333 357    
Independent P. Smyth 2.1 188 194 204      
Electorate: 18,245   Valid: 9,101   Spoilt: 7   Quota: 2,276   Turnout: 49.88  
1987 Seanad election: Dublin University[23]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2
Independent Shane Ross 25.5 2,180  
Independent Mary Robinson 24.8 2,123 2,221
Independent David Norris 24.6 2,101 2,260
Independent Catherine McGuinness 13.7 1,170 1,232
Independent B. O'Rafferty 6.6 562 620
Independent Ferdinand von Prondzynski 2.6 224  
Independent W. J. McCormack 2.2 188  
Electorate: 14,737   Valid: 8,548   Spoilt: 16   Quota: 2,138   Turnout: 58.00  
1982 Seanad election: Dublin University[24]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Independent Shane Ross 23.9 1,412 1,423 1,430 1,462 1,548    
Labour Mary Robinson 20.6 1,212 1,220 1,282 1,461 1,634    
Independent Trevor West 20.1 1,185 1,193 1,209 1,263 1,390 1,443 1,490
Independent Catherine McGuinness 17.3 1,023 1,032 1,062 1,141 1,272 1,378 1,404
Independent David Cabot 7.4 437 446 472 535      
Independent David Norris 6.6 392 396 429        
Independent B. Cullen 2.8 167 180          
Independent William Abbey of the
Holycross Fitzsimon
1.2 69            
Electorate: 9,164   Valid: 5,897   Spoilt: 58   Quota: 1,475   Turnout: 64.34  

Elections in the 1970s

Following the resignation of Conor Cruise O'Brien on 13 June 1979.[25][26]

1979 Seanad by-election: Dublin University[27]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3
Independent Catherine McGuinness 35.1 1,841 2,175 2,790
Independent Shane Ross 31.0 1,625 1,777 2,270
Independent Thomas Murtagh 19.7 1,033 1,225  
Independent David Norris 12.6 659    
Independent O. Quinn 1.7 88    
Electorate: 8,686   Valid: 5,246   Spoilt: 103   Quota: 2,624   Turnout: 61.58  

Elections in the 1960s

Following the death of William Fearon on 27 December 1959.[28][29]

1960 Seanad by-election: Dublin University[30]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2
Independent William J. E. Jessop 49.9 1,736 1,828
Independent John Ross 36.8 1,281 1,343
Independent C. Lloyd 7.8 271 298
Independent Eoin "the Pope" O'Mahony 5.5 192  
Valid: 3,480   Quota: 1,741  

Elections in the 1940s

1944 Seanad election: Dublin University
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Independent T. C. Kingsmill Moore 755 32.9 1 1
Independent William Fearon 621 27.0 2 1
Independent Joseph Johnston 437 19.0 3 4
Independent Robert Rowlette 419 18.2
Independent Eoin "the Pope" O'Mahony 65 2.8
Electorate: 3,886   Valid: 2,297   Quota: 575   Turnout: 59.1%[31]

Elections in the 1930s

1933 by-election: Dublin University[32]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Independent Robert Rowlette Unopposed N/A 1
1933 general election: Dublin University[33]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 3
Electorate: 3,260   Valid:   Quota:   Turnout:
1932 general election: Dublin University[34]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 3

Elections in the 1920s

September 1927 general election: Dublin University[35]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 3
June 1927 general election: Dublin University[36]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3
Independent William Thrift 38.6 614    
Independent James Craig 22.4 356 415  
Independent Bolton C. Waller 20.9 332 386 391
Independent Ernest Alton 18.1 287 386 398
Electorate: 2,069   Valid: 1,589   Quota: 398   Turnout: 76.8%  
1923 general election: Dublin University[37]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 3
Electorate: 1,400   Valid:   Quota:   Turnout:
1922 general election: Dublin University[38]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent Gerald Fitzgibbon Unopposed N/A 3
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 4
Electorate: 1,150   Valid:   Quota:   Turnout:
1921 general election: Dublin University[39]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Ind U Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Ind U James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Ind U Gerald Fitzgibbon Unopposed N/A 3
Ind U William Thrift Unopposed N/A 4

Elections in the 1910s

1919 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist William Jellett Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
This was the last UK Parliament election held in the 26 counties which became the Irish Free State.
1918 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2
Irish Unionist Arthur Samuels 43.1 1,273  
Ind U Robert Woods 26.8 793 1,094
Irish Unionist William Jellett 21.4 631 ≤875
Independent Nationalist Stephen Gwynn 8.7 257 eliminated
Electorate: 4,541   Valid: 2,954   Quota: 985   Turnout: 59.4  
Note: The Times edition of 23 December 1918 reported that the Provost of the University, as returning officer, did not announce the figures. It was ascertained that Woods had 1,094 votes when elected. The above is the best reconstruction of the later counts which is possible with the available information.
October 1917 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Arthur Samuels Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
February 1917 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Arthur Samuels 1,841 73.1 N/A
Irish Unionist Robert Woods 679 26.9 N/A
Majority 1,162 46.1 N/A
Turnout 2,520 60.9 N/A
Registered electors 4,138
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
1916 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist James Campbell Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
December 1910 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
Irish Unionist James Campbell Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
Irish Unionist hold
January 1910 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
Irish Unionist James Campbell Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
Irish Unionist hold

Elections in the 1900s

1906 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
Irish Unionist James Campbell Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
Irish Unionist hold
1903 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist James Campbell 1,492 51.2 N/A
Irish Unionist Arthur Samuels 1,421 48.8 N/A
Majority 71 2.4 N/A
Turnout 2,913 64.0 N/A
Registered electors 4,553
Irish Unionist gain from Liberal Unionist Swing N/A
1900 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
Liberal Unionist W. E. H. Lecky Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
Liberal Unionist hold
1900 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold

Elections in the 1890s

1895 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist W. E. H. Lecky 1,757 63.5 New
Irish Unionist George Wright 1,011 36.5 N/A
Majority 746 27.0 N/A
Turnout 2,768 61.4 N/A
Registered electors 4,506
Liberal Unionist gain from Irish Unionist Swing N/A
1895 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist David Plunket Unopposed
Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
Registered electors 4,506
Irish Unionist hold
Irish Unionist hold
1892 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist David Plunket 2,188 46.6 -2.1
Irish Unionist Edward Carson 1,609 34.3 N/A
Irish Unionist James Corry Jones Lowry 897 19.1 N/A
Majority 712 15.2 -31.7
Turnout 2,347 (est) 53.9 (est) +7.8
Registered electors 4,352
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s

1888 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Dodgson Madden Unopposed
Registered electors 4,094
Irish Unionist hold
1887 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Dodgson Madden 1,376 65.9 N/A
Irish Unionist Richard Clare Parsons 712 34.1 N/A
Majority 664 31.8 N/A
Turnout 2,088 51.0 N/A
Registered electors 4,092
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
1886 by-election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist David Plunket Unopposed
Irish Unionist Hugh Holmes Unopposed
Registered electors 4,155
Irish Unionist hold
Irish Unionist hold
1886 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist David Plunket 1,865 48.7 N/A
Irish Unionist Hugh Holmes 1,855 48.4 N/A
Irish Parliamentary Hugh Herbert Johnston 56 1.5 New
Irish Parliamentary Edward Patrick Sarsfield Counsell 55 1.4 New
Majority 1,799 46.9 N/A
Turnout 1,916 (est) 46.1 (est) N/A
Registered electors 4,155
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
1885 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
Conservative Hugh Holmes Unopposed
Registered electors 4,155
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
1885 by-election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
Conservative Hugh Holmes Unopposed
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
1880 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
Conservative Edward Gibson Unopposed
Registered electors 3,539
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1870s

1877 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Gibson Unopposed
Registered electors 3,393
Conservative hold
February 1875 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
Registered electors 2,438
Conservative hold
January 1875 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Gibson 1,210 48.3 N/A
Conservative Alexander Edward Miller 759 30.3 N/A
Conservative Anthony Traill 538 21.5 N/A
Majority 451 18.0 N/A
Turnout 2,507 102.8[a] N/A
Registered electors 2,438
Conservative hold
  1. ^ Walker recorded the vote tally as above, but the electorate he also included was a lower number – at 2,438 – and so this result may be inaccurate.
1874 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Ball Unopposed
Conservative hold
1874 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
Conservative John Ball Unopposed
Registered electors 1,700
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
1870 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1860s

1868 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Lefroy 1,156 36.2 -1.2
Conservative John Ball 1,077 33.7 +14.3
Conservative Edward Grogan 743 23.3 -20.0
Liberal Thomas Ebenezer Webb 216 6.8 New
Majority 334 10.4 -7.6
Turnout 1,704 (est) 79.2 (est) −3.1
Registered electors 2,151
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
August 1867 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Warren Unopposed
Registered electors
Conservative hold
March 1867 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hedges Chatterton Unopposed
Registered electors
Conservative hold
February 1867 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hedges Chatterton Unopposed
Conservative hold
1866 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Walsh Unopposed
Registered electors 1,700
Conservative hold
1865 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Whiteside 1,210 43.3 N/A
Conservative Anthony Lefroy 1,045 37.4 N/A
Independent John Ball[41] 542 19.4 New
Majority 503 18.0 N/A
Turnout 1,399 (est) 82.3 (est) N/A
Registered electors 1,700
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1850s

1859 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Lefroy Unopposed
Conservative James Whiteside Unopposed
Registered electors 1,700
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
1859 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Whiteside Unopposed
Registered electors 1,700
Conservative hold
1858 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Lefroy 589 62.7 N/A
Conservative Arthur Edward Gayer 350 37.2 N/A
Majority 239 25.5 N/A
Turnout 939 55.2 N/A
Registered electors 1,700
Conservative hold
1857 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40][42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Napier 829 41.3 N/A
Conservative George Hamilton 791 39.4 N/A
Whig James Anthony Lawson 272 13.5 New
Whig John Wilson 116 5.8 New
Majority 519 25.9 N/A
Turnout 1,004 (est) 59.1 (est) N/A
Registered electors 1,700
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
1852 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Napier Unopposed
Conservative George Hamilton Unopposed
Registered electors 1,700
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
1852 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Napier Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1840s

1848 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Napier Unopposed
Conservative hold
1847 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Hamilton 738 33.1 N/A
Conservative Frederick Shaw 572 25.6 N/A
Conservative Joseph Napier 540 24.5 N/A
Whig James MacCullagh[43] 374 16.8 New
Majority 32 1.1 N/A
Turnout 1,190 56.7 N/A
Registered electors 2,100
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
1843 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Hamilton Unopposed
Conservative hold
1842 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Jackson Unopposed
Conservative hold
1841 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick Shaw Unopposed
Conservative Thomas Lefroy Unopposed
Registered electors
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1830s

1837 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40][1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Conservative Frederick Shaw 852 45.4
Conservative Thomas Lefroy 839 44.7
Whig Joseph Stock 186 9.9
Majority 653 34.8
Turnout 940 44.8
Registered electors 2,100
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
1835 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40][1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Conservative Thomas Lefroy Unopposed
Conservative Frederick Shaw Unopposed
Registered electors 2,074
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
1832 general election: Dublin University (2 seats)[40][1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Thomas Langlois Lefroy 1,304 38.3 +10.8
Tory Frederick Shaw 1,290 37.9 +10.4
Whig Philip Cecil Crampton 423 12.4 −10.1
Whig George Ponsonby 390 11.4 −11.1
Majority 867 25.4 +15.4
Turnout 1,724 83.8 −3.2
Registered electors 2,058
Tory hold Swing +10.7
Tory win (new seat)
1831 general election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40][1][44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Thomas Langlois Lefroy 44 55.0 +11.6
Whig Philip Cecil Crampton 36 45.0 New
Majority 8 10.0 +6.1
Turnout 80 87.0 +7.8
Registered electors 92
Tory hold Swing +11.6
1830 general election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40][1][44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Tory Thomas Langlois Lefroy 33 43.4
Tory John Wilson Croker 30 39.5
Tory John Henry North 13 17.1
Majority 3 3.9
Turnout 76 79.2
Registered electors 96
Tory hold

Elections in the 1820s

1827 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory John Wilson Croker 38 42.7 N/A
Tory John Henry North 29 32.6 N/A
Tory Thomas Langlois Lefroy 22 24.7 N/A
Majority 9 10.1 N/A
Registered electors
Tory gain from Whig Swing N/A
1826 general election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Plunket Unopposed
Registered electors
Whig hold
1822 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Plunket Unopposed
Whig hold
1820 general election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Plunket Unopposed
Registered electors
Whig hold

Elections in the 1810s

1818 general election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Plunket 34 53.1 N/A
Tory John Wilson Croker 30 46.9 New
Majority 4 6.2 N/A
Registered electors
Whig hold
1812 general election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Plunket Unopposed
Registered electors
Whig gain from Tory Swing N/A

Elections in the 1800s

1807 general election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory John Leslie Foster 46 92.0 N/A
Whig Thomas Thornton Macklin 4 8.0 New
Majority 42 84.0 +79.4
Registered electors
Tory hold
1806 general election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory George Knox 35 52.3 N/A
Tory John Leslie Foster 32 47.7 N/A
Majority 3 4.6 -10.0
Registered electors
Tory hold
1805 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory George Knox Unopposed
Tory hold
1802 general election: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory George Knox 39 57.3 N/A
Whig William Plunket 29 42.7 New
Majority 10 14.6 N/A
Registered electors
Tory hold
1801 co-option: Dublin University (1 seat)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory George Knox Unopposed
Registered electors
Tory hold

See also

References

Sources

Citations

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  3. ^ Seventh Amendment of the Constitution (Election of Members of Seanad Éireann by Institutions of Higher Education) Act 1979, Schedule (, Schedule). 3 August 1979. Amendment to the Constitution of Ireland. Irish Statute Book.
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  6. ^ Seanad Electoral (University Members) Act 1937, s. 16: Nomination of candidates (No. 30 of 1937, s. 16). 19 November 1937. Act of the Oireachtas. Irish Statute Book.
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