Dudinka
Дудинка
Clockwise: Dudinka Port, Aerial view of Dudinka; House of Culture
Location of Dudinka
Dudinka
Dudinka
Location of Dudinka
Dudinka
Dudinka
Dudinka (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
Coordinates: 69°24′23″N 86°10′35″E / 69.40639°N 86.17639°E / 69.40639; 86.17639Coordinates: 69°24′23″N 86°10′35″E / 69.40639°N 86.17639°E / 69.40639; 86.17639
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKrasnoyarsk Krai[1]
Administrative districtTaymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District[1]
District townDudinka[1]
Founded1667
Town status since1951
Area
 • Total10.5 km2 (4.1 sq mi)
Elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Population
 • Total22,175
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
21,015 (−5.2%)
 • Density2,100/km2 (5,500/sq mi)
 • Capital ofTaymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District[1], district town of Dudinka[1]
 • Municipal districtTaymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementDudinka Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofTaymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky Municipal District[4], Dudinka Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+7 (MSK+4 Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
647000
Dialing code(s)+7 39191
OKTMO ID04653101001
Websitewww.gorod-dudinka.ru

Dudinka (Russian: Дуди́нка) is a town on the Yenisei River and the administrative center of Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It used to be the administrative center of Taymyr Autonomous Okrug, which was merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai on January 1, 2007. Population: 22,175 (2010 Census);[2] 25,132 (2002 Census);[7] 32,325 (1989 Census).[8]

History

It was founded in 1667 as a winter settlement connected to Mangazeya. In 1930 it was designated the administrative center of the Taimyr Dolgan-Nenets National Region. In 1935, the polar explorer Otto Schmidt recommended that the settlement be expanded into a town. By 1937, the port facilities and a railroad to Norilsk were completed. Town status was granted in 1951.[9]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Dudinka serves as the administrative center of Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with five rural localities, incorporated within Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District as the district town of Dudinka.[1] As a municipal division, the district town of Dudinka is incorporated within Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky Municipal District as Dudinka Urban Settlement.[4]

Economy

Dudinka processes and sends cargo via Norilsk railway to the Norilsk Mining and Smelting Factory and also ships non-ferrous metals, coal and ore. In 1969, the Messoyakha-Dudinka-Norilsk natural gas pipeline was laid.

Port of Dudinka
Port of Dudinka

Dudinka is a port in the lower reaches of the Yenisei River, accessible to seagoing ships. The town is served by the Dudinka Airport.

Infrastructure

CHAYKA mast in Dudinka
CHAYKA mast in Dudinka

Near Dudinka there is a 462 m (1,516 ft) tall radio mast which was formerly used for the CHAYKA radio navigation system. It is a grounded mast with a rhombic cage antenna.[10]

Climate

Despite lying more than a degree and a half above the Arctic Circle, Dudinka has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) with short, mild summers and severely cold winters. Average high temperature even in May is below freezing and short summer starts in mid June and last only 2 months. Precipitation is moderate; it falls mostly as rain in summer and mainly as snow throughout the rest of the year.

Climate data for Dudinka
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
4.2
(39.6)
8.8
(47.8)
26.5
(79.7)
31.2
(88.2)
32.3
(90.1)
30.0
(86.0)
24.5
(76.1)
12.3
(54.1)
2.7
(36.9)
0.7
(33.3)
32.3
(90.1)
Average high °C (°F) −22.7
(−8.9)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−15.8
(3.6)
−9.3
(15.3)
−1.1
(30.0)
11.1
(52.0)
19.1
(66.4)
15.8
(60.4)
7.4
(45.3)
−4.8
(23.4)
−16.3
(2.7)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−5
(23)
Daily mean °C (°F) −26.9
(−16.4)
−26.6
(−15.9)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−15.1
(4.8)
−5
(23)
6.7
(44.1)
13.8
(56.8)
11.2
(52.2)
4.0
(39.2)
−7.9
(17.8)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−9.4
(15.1)
Average low °C (°F) −31
(−24)
−30.8
(−23.4)
−26
(−15)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−8.5
(16.7)
3.3
(37.9)
9.5
(49.1)
7.6
(45.7)
1.4
(34.5)
−10.9
(12.4)
−24.7
(−12.5)
−29.3
(−20.7)
−13.3
(8.1)
Record low °C (°F) −56.7
(−70.1)
−55
(−67)
−52.1
(−61.8)
−45.4
(−49.7)
−32.6
(−26.7)
−14.2
(6.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−38.8
(−37.8)
−48.7
(−55.7)
−53.5
(−64.3)
−56.7
(−70.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44
(1.7)
38
(1.5)
34
(1.3)
30
(1.2)
30
(1.2)
37
(1.5)
44
(1.7)
59
(2.3)
50
(2.0)
59
(2.3)
46
(1.8)
48
(1.9)
519
(20.4)
Average rainy days 0.03 0 0.1 1 6 13 15 17 16 5 0.3 0.1 74
Average snowy days 24 22 21 18 18 6 0.2 0.4 9 24 23 24 190
Average relative humidity (%) 75 75 75 75 79 74 69 78 82 84 79 76 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 2 32 131 227 245 229 308 196 86 48 7 0 1,511
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net[11]
Source 2: NOAA (sun only, 1961–1990)[12]

Sports and entertainment

The Taymyr ice arena is the newly built ice hockey, figure skating and curling facility in Dudinka. It is the northernmost ice arena in the world that is fit for holding high-level, international events. The spectators capacity of the arena is 350 seats.[13] The 2017 CCT Arctic Cup took place in the city of Dudinka at the Taymyr ice arena on May 18–22, 2017. It was the first-ever international curling tournament among women teams beyond the Arctic Circle. The event was held with participation of 8 strongest teams from the northern countries, located at the 69th parallel. Participant teams included Russian National Team, Team Krasnoyarsk, Team Canada, Team USA, Team Finland. A wild card from the Organizing Committee was granted to Team Switzerland.[14] Since 2017 Dudinka becomes the place where the international Arctic Curling Cup tournament takes place annually. The test event for this tournament was TAYMYR CURLING CUP 2016. The first-ever curling tournament among men teams beyond the Arctic Circle took place in Dudinka on May 26–30, 2016. The tournament was held as a test event for the Arctic Curling Cup. Six strongest Russian men teams took part in the event. In 2018 Dudinka held the final tour of the international Arctic Curling Cup. 10 strongest teams, 3 of which were Russian, were competing in double-mixed. Maria Komarova and Daniel Goryachov received bronze medals in this tournament.

Notable people

Street view of Dudinka
Street view of Dudinka

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Law #10-4765
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e Law #2-54
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  9. ^ Brumfield, William (September 18, 2015). "Dudinka on the Yenisei: The path to Norilsk and the Taimyr Peninsula: The industrial city of Dudinka could become an important port for Russia as the Arctic melts". Russia Beyond the Headlines Russia's official newspaper. Moscow. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Покоряя высоту. Подъем на действующую 462-метровую радиовышку". September 8, 2009.
  11. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net – Climate Data for Dudinka" (in Russian). Archived from the original on April 15, 2013. Retrieved March 18, 2016.
  12. ^ "Dudinka Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 18, 2016.
  13. ^ "В Дудинке открылась ледовая арена "Таймыр" – самая северная в мире - Норильский никель |". Archived from the original on February 25, 2017.
  14. ^ "«Arctic cup 2017», новость размещена на сайте www.curling.ru 25.10.2016 — Новости — Федерация кёрлинга России". Archived from the original on October 28, 2016.
  15. ^ "Olga Martynova" (in German). Herrmann-Lenz-Preis. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  16. ^ "Biographies – Poets". poetrymagazines.org.uk. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  17. ^ "Article". Matchtv.ru. February 28, 2018. Retrieved June 17, 2018.

Sources