Duffy Lewis
Left fielder
Born: (1888-04-18)April 18, 1888
San Francisco, California, US
Died: June 17, 1979(1979-06-17) (aged 91)
Salem, New Hampshire, US
Batted: Right
Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 16, 1910, for the Boston Red Sox
Last MLB appearance
June 6, 1921, for the Washington Senators
MLB statistics
Batting average.284
Home runs38
Runs batted in793
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the Pacific Coast League
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction2012

George Edward "Duffy" Lewis (April 18, 1888 – June 17, 1979) was an American professional baseball left fielder who played in Major League Baseball for the Boston Red Sox, the New York Yankees, and the Washington Senators from 1910 to 1921.

Lewis attended Saint Mary's College of California. He made his MLB debut with the Red Sox in 1910, where he formed the Golden Outfield with Tris Speaker and Harry Hooper. He won three World Series championships with Boston (1912, 1915, and 1916). The Red Sox traded Lewis to the Yankees, where he played in 1919 and 1920, before they traded him to the Senators before the 1921 season. He continued to play and manage in the minor leagues until 1929.

Lewis continued to work in baseball as a coach for the Boston Braves from 1931 to 1935, and then as their traveling secretary through 1961. Lewis is a member of the Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame and the Pacific Coast League Hall of Fame.

Early life

George Edward Lewis was born to Mary (née Duffy) and George Lewis on April 18, 1888, in San Francisco, California. He acquired his nickname from his mother's maiden name. He had an older brother and an older sister.[1] When Lewis was seven years old, he served as the mascot for the local baseball team in Alameda, California.[2]

Playing career

Early career

Lewis attended Saint Mary's College of California before he made his professional baseball debut with the Alameda Grays in the California State League in 1907. He played for the Oakland Oaks of the Pacific Coast League (PCL) in 1908 and 1909.[1] He also played winter baseball in Yuma, Arizona,[3] where he was first noticed by Boston Red Sox owner John I. Taylor.[1] In September 1909, the Red Sox selected Lewis from Oakland in the Rule 5 draft. He finished the 1909 season with Oakland, and reported to spring training with the Red Sox in 1910.[4]

Boston Red Sox

Lewis became the Red Sox starting left fielder in 1910. Along with Tris Speaker as the center fielder and Harry Hooper as the right fielder, Lewis played in the Golden Outfield from 1910 to 1915.[5] In his rookie season, Lewis batted .283 with eight home runs, second-most in the American League, and 29 doubles, third-most in the league.[1][6] In 1911, he batted .307 with seven home runs,[7] In 1912, he batted .284 with six home runs.[8] His 109 runs batted in (RBIs) were the second-most in the league.[1] The Red Sox won the American League, and defeated the New York Giants in the 1912 World Series in eight games. Lewis batted .188 (6-for-32) in the series.[9]

Lewis (left), Tris Speaker (center), and Harry Hooper (right) — Boston's Golden Outfield
Lewis (left), Tris Speaker (center), and Harry Hooper (right) — Boston's Golden Outfield

In 1913, Lewis batted .298 with no home runs.[10] Babe Ruth made his major league debut on July 11, 1914, and Lewis pinch hit for Ruth during the game.[1] He was the only player to pinch hit for Ruth during Ruth's major league career.[11] Lewis finished the 1914 season with a .278 batting average.[12] In 1915, Lewis batted .291 with 31 doubles,[13] which was the second-most in the league.[14] The Red Sox faced the Philadelphia Phillies in the 1915 World Series, and won in five games. Lewis batted .444 (8-for-18) against the Phillies.[15] He also recorded five out of the 12 RBIs in the series for Boston.[1] He drove in the game-winning runs in Game 3 and Game 4, and made several catches that helped Boston win the series.[16][17] After the World Series, Lewis returned to the San Francisco Bay Area, where he performed vaudeville shows at the Pantanges Theatre in Oakland for $500 a week ($12,791 in current dollar terms).[18][19]

The Red Sox traded Speaker to the Cleveland Indians in 1916, and Red Sox' manager Bill Carrigan experimented with playing Lewis in center field before returning him to left field.[1] The Red Sox repeated as American League champions in 1916, with Lewis batting .268.[20] In the 1916 World Series, the Red Sox defeated the Brooklyn Robins in five games; Lewis batted .353 (6-for-17).[21] Lewis batted .302 for the Red Sox in 1917;[22] it was the ninth-highest batting average in the league that season.[23]

Later playing career

Lewis did not play for the Red Sox during the 1918 season due to his service in the United States Navy during World War I.[24] He enlisted as a yeoman and was stationed at the Mare Island Naval Shipyard, where he was the player-manager for the shipyard's baseball team.[25] He became a chief petty officer before the end of his service.[26] On December 18, 1918, the Red Sox traded Lewis with Dutch Leonard and Ernie Shore to the New York Yankees for Ray Caldwell, Frank Gilhooley, Slim Love, Roxy Walters and $15,000 ($258,086 in current dollar terms).[27] He batted .272 with seven home runs for the Yankees in 1919, while leading the American League with 141 games played.[28] He began to lose playing time in 1920, with the major league debut of Bob Meusel and the acquisition of Ruth from Boston, but Lewis still batted .271 in 107 games played.[1][29] On December 31, 1920, the Yankees traded Lewis and George Mogridge to the Washington Senators for Braggo Roth.[30] Lewis batted .186 in 27 games for Washington before he was released in June.[1]

Lewis batting in 1911
Lewis batting in 1911

After he was released from Washington, Lewis signed with the Salt Lake City Bees of the PCL for the remainder of the 1921 season.[31] He led the PCL with a .403 batting average in 1921. He serves as player-manager for Salt Lake City from 1922 through 1924.[1] While he was with Salt Lake City, the Red Sox hired him to serve as a scout based in the Western United States.[32] Lewis was the player-manager for the Portland Beavers of the PCL for the 1925 season, and for the Mobile Bears of the Southern Association for the 1926 season.[33][34] Disappointed with the performance of the team, Lewis resigned from Mobile in June 1926.[35] He finished the 1926 season as a left fielder for the Jersey City Skeeters of the International League.[36] In 1927, he was player-manager for the Portland Eskimos of the New England League, and they won the league championship that season.[37] He retired as a player after the 1927 season, but remained as Portland's manager in the 1928 season.[38] He began the 1929 season managing Portland, but resigned in June, citing poor health.[39]

Career retrospective

Lewis is considered to be among the best fielding outfielders. He led all American League left fielders in assists in 1910 (30),[40] 1911 (27),[41] 1912 (23),[42] and 1913 (26).[43] He finished his major league career with 209 assists, the third-most among major league left fielders behind Jimmy Sheckard (243) and Zach Wheat (231).[44] Lewis also led all American League left fielders in double plays turned in 1910 (eight), and in putouts in 1910 (264)[41] and 1912 (300).[42] His .985 fielding percentage was the ninth-best for all American League outfielders in 1919.[45]

At bat, Lewis was a line-drive hitter who was often the cleanup hitter in the batting order. He was considered to be a clutch hitter.[46] In 11 seasons, Lewis batted .284 with 38 home runs, 793 RBIs, 1,518 hits, 289 doubles, and 68 triples.[47]

Duffy's Cliff

"Overflow" fan seating at Fenway Park in 1914 partly existed in front of the Green Monster's base, atop "Duffy's Cliff" (seen in the distance, nearest the flagpole)
"Overflow" fan seating at Fenway Park in 1914 partly existed in front of the Green Monster's base, atop "Duffy's Cliff" (seen in the distance, nearest the flagpole)

In 1912, the Red Sox moved into Fenway Park, which featured a 10-foot (3.0 m) high mound that formed an incline in front of the 25-foot (7.6 m) left field wall, now better known as the Green Monster. Lewis practiced catching the ball on the way up the incline and throwing the ball while descending. He mastered fielding on the incline to such an extent that it became known as "Duffy's Cliff".[1] Sports cartoons of the period often depicted him as a mountain climber making catches amid sheep and snowcaps. The mound was removed during renovations of Fenway Park conducted in 1934.[48]

Later career

Lewis had invested his money in the stock market, and lost it in the stock market crash of 1929.[3] He became a coach for the Boston Braves in 1931.[49] He coached the Braves through 1935. Ruth played with the Braves in 1935, and Lewis witnessed Ruth's final major league home run, much as he had witnessed Ruth's first home run with the Red Sox.[11] He became the Braves' traveling secretary in 1936, and stayed with the organization through their relocation to Milwaukee. He retired from the Braves in 1961.[1]

Later life

Lewis in 1921
Lewis in 1921

Lewis married Eleanor Ruth Keane of Boston, a fan that he met at the Huntington Avenue Grounds, after the 1911 season.[50] They did not have children.[1] Together, they built a house in Boyes Hot Springs, California,[51] but the house and their possessions were destroyed in a fire in 1923.[52] Eleanor died in 1976.[47]

After his baseball career, Lewis and his wife retired to Salem, New Hampshire, where he had VIP box seats at Rockingham Park.[11] He was inducted into the Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame in 2002 and into the PCL Hall of Fame in 2012.[53]

Lewis died in Salem on June 17, 1979.[47] He was buried at Holy Cross Cemetery in Londonderry, New Hampshire. As he had no money or living relatives, he was buried in an unmarked grave. When some volunteer caretakers found out about this, they began to raise money for one, with the Red Sox contributing. A headstone was dedicated in June 2001.[54]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Armour, Mark. "Duffy Lewis". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
  2. ^ "Duffy Lewis Got His First Real Baseball Job At Age Of Seven". The Boston Globe. November 27, 1915. p. 5. Retrieved June 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  3. ^ a b Murnane, T.H. (December 8, 1912). "When Duffy Lewis Called The Turn". The Boston Globe. p. 49. Retrieved June 26, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  4. ^ "New Red Sox Fielder". The Barre Daily Times. September 29, 1909. p. 2. Retrieved June 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  5. ^ "Duffy Lewis Explains Value of Old Red Sox Outfield". Altoona Tribune. Associated Press. March 30, 1935. p. 18. Retrieved June 25, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ "1910 American League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  7. ^ "1911 Boston Red Sox Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  8. ^ "1912 Boston Red Sox Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  9. ^ "1912 World Series - Boston Red Sox over New York Giants (4-3-1)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  10. ^ "1913 Boston Red Sox Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  11. ^ a b c "Ol' Duffy recalls Babe's first and last HRs, and a 'kid' named Aaron". The Journal News. July 29, 1973. p. 28. Retrieved June 25, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  12. ^ "1914 Boston Red Sox Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  13. ^ "1915 Boston Red Sox Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  14. ^ "1915 American League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  15. ^ "1915 World Series - Boston Red Sox over Philadelphia Phillies (4-1)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  16. ^ "12 Oct 1915". The Tribune. October 12, 1915. p. 10. Retrieved June 27, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  17. ^ "13 Oct 1915, 8". The Baltimore Sun. October 13, 1915. Retrieved June 27, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  18. ^ "12 Feb 1920, 18". The San Francisco Examiner. February 12, 1920. Retrieved June 26, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  19. ^ Montville, Leigh (April 7, 1975). "A postcard comes to life". The Boston Globe. p. 22. Retrieved June 26, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  20. ^ "1916 Boston Red Sox Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  21. ^ "1916 World Series - Boston Red Sox over Brooklyn Robins (4-1)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  22. ^ "1917 Boston Red Sox Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  23. ^ "1917 American League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  24. ^ "Through the camera's eye". Evening Star. Washington, D.C. April 14, 1918. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
  25. ^ "Duffy Lewis Playing Outfield Now for Uncle Sam". The San Francisco Examiner. December 23, 1917. p. 31. Retrieved June 26, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  26. ^ "Duffy Lewis a Chief Petty Officer in U.S. Navy Now". The Boston Globe. April 5, 1918. p. 8. Retrieved June 27, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  27. ^ "Yanks Get Three Men From Red Sox". The Evening Herald. December 19, 1918. p. 14. Retrieved June 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  28. ^ "1919 American League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  29. ^ "1920 New York Yankees Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  30. ^ "Nationals To Get Pitcher Mogridge And Lewis In Deal". The Washington Herald. January 1, 1921. p. 7. Retrieved April 21, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  31. ^ "Famous Star For Bees Duffy Lewis Is Coming". The Salt Lake Tribune. June 22, 1921. p. 8. Retrieved June 27, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  32. ^ "Duffy Lewis To Scout For Red Sox In West". The Boston Globe. December 15, 1922. p. 18. Retrieved June 25, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  33. ^ "29 Nov 1925, 14". Salt Lake Telegram. November 29, 1925. Retrieved June 25, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  34. ^ "Pels' Pitching Staff Best In Dixie Loop". The Birmingham News. April 12, 1926. p. 11. Retrieved June 25, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  35. ^ "Duffy Lewis Resigns Post With Mobile". The Atlanta Constitution. Associated Press. June 10, 1926. p. 11. Retrieved June 25, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  36. ^ ""Duffy" Lewis Signs To Play With Skeeters". The Morning Call. June 23, 1926. p. 20. Retrieved June 25, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  37. ^ "Duffy Lewis Shows Ability As Manager". Courier-Post. September 7, 1927. p. 20. Retrieved June 25, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  38. ^ "Duffy Lewis To Manage Portland Club". The Bangor Daily News. Associated Press. April 11, 1928. p. 6. Retrieved June 27, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  39. ^ "Duffy Lewis Quits As Portland Pilot". The Boston Globe. June 21, 1929. p. 28. Retrieved June 27, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  40. ^ "1910 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. June 25, 2021.
  41. ^ a b "1911 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. June 25, 2021.
  42. ^ a b "1912 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. June 25, 2021.
  43. ^ "1913 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. June 25, 2021.
  44. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Assists as LF (s.1901)". Baseball-Reference.com. June 25, 2021.
  45. ^ "1919 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. June 25, 2021.
  46. ^ Grayson, Harry (August 16, 1941). "Yankee Outfield Great, But Old-Timers Stick to Hooper, Speaker, and Lewis". The Tribune. p. 2. Retrieved June 27, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  47. ^ a b c "Former Red Sox star Duffy Lewis dies at 91". The Boston Globe. June 18, 1979. p. 34. Retrieved June 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  48. ^ Jones, Victor O. (September 19, 1933). "Alas, Duffy's Cliff Is Doomed". The Boston Globe. p. 22. Retrieved June 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  49. ^ Sords, Jack (March 17, 1931). "Duffy Lewis Becomes National Leaguer". The Morning Call. p. 29. Retrieved June 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  50. ^ "Duffy Lewis Weds Tonight". The Evening Times-Star and Alameda Daily Argus. October 30, 1911. p. 1. Retrieved June 25, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  51. ^ "Tim Murnane's Visit To Duffy Lewis' New Home". The Boston Globe. December 26, 1915. p. 43. Retrieved June 27, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  52. ^ "Ex-Diamond Star Stymied By Fire". The Bradenton Herald. February 9, 1960. p. 14. Retrieved June 27, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  53. ^ "Duffy Lewis - Pacific Coast League Hall of Fame". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
  54. ^ Recht, Mike (July 1, 2001). "Not forgotten". The Billings Gazette. Associated Press. p. 7. Retrieved June 26, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.