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Dundee
Dutch Reformed Church, Dundee
Dundee
Dundee
Dundee
Dundee
Coordinates: 28°10′21″S 30°13′53″E / 28.17250°S 30.23139°E / -28.17250; 30.23139Coordinates: 28°10′21″S 30°13′53″E / 28.17250°S 30.23139°E / -28.17250; 30.23139
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceKwaZulu-Natal
DistrictUmzinyathi
MunicipalityEndumeni
Established1835[1]
Area
 • Total48.60 km2 (18.76 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total34,924
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African81.2%
 • Coloured4.1%
 • Indian/Asian7.0%
 • White7.2%
 • Other0.5%
First languages (2011)
 • Zulu76.3%
 • English15.6%
 • Afrikaans4.5%
 • Other3.7%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
3000
PO box
3000
Area code034

The coal mining town of Dundee is situated in a valley of the Biggarsberg mountains in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (28°10′S 30°14′E / 28.167°S 30.233°E / -28.167; 30.233). It is part of the Endumeni Municipality, Umzinyathi District. It is very rich in coal deposits. More populous than the town of Dundee is its adjacent township named Sibongile. This township is now being extended with many residing zones, e.g. Lindelani.

Dundee was established by Peter Smith, with land contributed by his son in-law, in 1882 after the realisation that the valley was a natural way for travellers into the interior of Africa. Traders, hunters explorers, missionaries and soldiers all made their way through here. A large fort, Fort Jones, housed British troops in the area during the Anglo Zulu War of 1879. The discovery of coal in the area dates from early Voortrekker records of 1838 and later geological surveys in the 1860s. It is named after the hometown of a pioneering Scottish settler, Peter Smith. At first, Dundee was a farm (Dundee farm), the property of Peter Smith, which he had bought from a Voortrekker settler, Mr Dekker. Three other men are also credited with the founding of Dundee; his son William Craighead Smith, son-in-law Dugald McPhail, and close family friend Charles Wilson.<Talana Museum>

Geography

The town lies nestled in a valley of the picturesque Biggarsberg and is surrounded by historical remarkable mountains of “Indumeni” (where the thunder rolls), “Mpati” (The place of good waters), and “Talana” (The shelf where precious items are kept). Dundee has trails of the San people that lived here 4 000 – 5 000 years ago. Evidence of this is to be found in lifestyle and rock paintings in several caves and shelters.

Climate

Dundee has a subtropical highland climate (Cwb, according to the Köppen climate classification), with pleasant summers and cool, dry winters. The average annual precipitation is 684 mm (27 in), with rainfall occurring mainly during summer.

Dundee
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
134
 
 
26
14
 
 
104
 
 
26
14
 
 
85
 
 
25
12
 
 
31
 
 
23
9
 
 
8
 
 
21
6
 
 
1
 
 
19
3
 
 
1
 
 
19
3
 
 
8
 
 
21
5
 
 
25
 
 
23
8
 
 
65
 
 
24
10
 
 
101
 
 
24
12
 
 
121
 
 
26
13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: SA Explorer

History

Boers watch the fighting at Dundee in 1899
Boers watch the fighting at Dundee in 1899

Popular culture

Sport

The Northern-Natal Rhinos (Noord-Natal Renosters) Wrestling Club in Dundee is one of the top wrestling clubs in the province of Kwa-Zulu Natal.

Sentraal Rugby Club is one of the top sides in Northern-Natal. Titans Rugby club is a youth rugby team that builds future rugby players (Grassroots). Rhino Women's Rugby Club has constantly produced Sharks Craven week players and have represented Umzinyathi District in the annual Salga games

Coat of arms

Dundee was a borough in its own right from 1902 to 1996. In October 1951, the council obtained a grant of arms from the Lord Lyon King of Arms in Scotland. It registered the arms at the Bureau of Heraldry in July 1995.[4]

The arms, which were based on those of the Scottish burgh of Dundee, were : Azure, a pot with three lilies issuant Argent, charged with a miner's lamp proper and on a chief Or two wildebeest courant in fess, Sable; the shield ensigned of a mural crown Argent. In layman's terms : a blue shield displaying two black wildebeest on a golden strip above three lilies in a silver pot decorated with a miner's lamp. The motto was Per victoriam laboremque.

References

  1. ^ "Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa based on Floyd (1960:20-26)" (PDF). pp. xlv–lii.
  2. ^ a b c d "Main Place Dundee". Census 2011.
  3. ^ "Talana Museum Gandhi Memorial". Archived from the original on 2013-09-21.
  4. ^ National Archives of South Africa : Data of the Bureau of Heraldry