Durmitor
Дурмитор
Highest point
Elevation2,523 m (8,278 ft)
Coordinates43°07′40″N 19°02′00″E / 43.12778°N 19.03333°E / 43.12778; 19.03333
Geography
Durmitor is located in Montenegro
Durmitor
Durmitor
Parent rangeDinaric Alps
Climbing
First ascent1883

Durmitor (Montenegrin: Дурмитор, pronounced [durmǐtɔr] or [dǔrmitɔr]) is a massif located in northwestern Montenegro. It is part of the Dinaric Alps. Its highest peak, Bobotov Kuk, reaches a height of 2,523 meters (8,278 ft).

The massif is limited by the Tara River Canyon on the north, the Piva River Canyon on the west, and by the Komarnica River Canyon on the south. To the east, the Durmitor opens to a 1,500 m (4,921 ft) high plateau, called Jezerska površ (Plateau of Lakes). The Sinjavina mountain is located to the east of the Jezerska površ plateau. The Durmitor is for the most part located in the Žabljak municipality.

The massif gives its name to the national park that comprises it. Durmitor National Park was founded in 1952, and designated as a World Heritage Site in 1980.

Peaks

View of Durmitor near Minin Bogaz

The massif has 48 peaks above 2,000 meters (6,562 ft). Highest peaks are:

Lakes

Durmitor features 18 glacial lakes, scattered over mountain massif and Jezerska Površ plateau. The lakes add significantly to the beauty of the mountain, and have been nicknamed Gorske Oči, or "mountain eyes".[1][2]

Name

One theory of the name Durmitor is that it is derived from Eastern Romance, meaning 'sleeping place' (cognate with English dormitory). There are similarly named mountains, such as Visitor (cf. visător 'dreamer') and Cipitor (cf. ațipitor 'sleeper') across the former Yugoslavia.[3]

Another theory is that the name was given by the Celts, and the meaning would be anything from 'water from the mountain' to 'ridged mountain'.[citation needed] Considering the duration of time that the ancient Celts spent around these part and the Tara River (Tara is a Celtic goddess, as well)[citation needed], its name being of Celtic origin, it is very possible that Durmitor is a name of similar origin. Zeta river also has a Celtic origin name ("Loved one").[citation needed]

National park

Durmitor National Park
UNESCO World Heritage Site
LocationMontenegro
CriteriaNatural: (vii)(viii)(x)
Reference100bis
Inscription1980 (4th Session)
Extensions2005
Area32,100 ha (79,000 acres)

Durmitor National Park, created in 1952, includes the massif of Durmitor, the canyons of Tara, Sušica and Draga rivers and the higher part of the canyon plateau Komarnica, covering an area of 390 square kilometers (150 sq mi). It is the largest protected area in Montenegro, and it was inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1980.[2]

At 80 kilometers (50 mi) long and 1,300 meters (4,300 ft) deep, the Tara River Canyon in Durmitor National Park is the deepest gorge in Europe.[2][4]

Tourism

Durmitor mountain is the centre of Montenegrin mountain tourism. The tourist facilities are concentrated around the town of Žabljak.[2][4] In winter, the main activities on Durmitor are skiing and snowboarding. In summer, the activities shift to hiking, mountaineering and recreational tourism. Water sports are also practiced in the area.[5] Some of the most prominent attractions of Durmitor mountain are 18 glacial lakes, the best known of which is the Black Lake and the mountain peak Stožina.[6]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Lakes - Durmitor". durmitorcg.org. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d "Durmitor National Park". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  3. ^ Room Adrian (2004) "Placenames of the World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for Over 5000 Natural Features" ISBN 0-7864-1814-1 p. 112.
  4. ^ a b "Durmitor National Park". nationalgeographic.com. Archived from the original on February 6, 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Durmitur National Park Montenegro" (PDF). unep-wcmc.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 January 2009. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  6. ^ "Black Lake". lonelyplanet.com. Retrieved 27 October 2017.