Earl Gilbert Graves Sr.
Graves in 2004
Born
Earl Gilbert Graves

(1935-01-09)January 9, 1935
Brooklyn, New York City, U.S.
DiedApril 6, 2020(2020-04-06) (aged 85)
Alma materMorgan State University
Occupation
  • Entrepreneur
  • publisher
  • businessman
  • philanthropist
  • advocate
Spouse(s)Barbara
Children3 including Earl G. Graves Jr.

Earl Gilbert Graves Sr. (January 9, 1935 – April 6, 2020) was an American entrepreneur, publisher, businessman, philanthropist, and advocate of African-American businesses. A graduate of Morgan State University, he was the founder of Black Enterprise magazine and chairman of the media company Earl G. Graves, Ltd. He was the director for Aetna and Executive Board member of the Boy Scouts of America.[1] He was the father of Earl G. Graves Jr.

Background

Born in Brooklyn, New York, to Earl Graves, an immigrant from Barbados, and Winifred (Sealy) Graves, who was from Trinidad. Graves grew up in the Bedford-Stuyvesant section of New York City. A member of Omega Psi Phi fraternity, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics in 1958 from Morgan State University.[2] He was an ROTC graduate and attended Airborne and Ranger Schools.[1]

Having written a letter to the Democratic National Committee, he became a volunteer for the 1964 presidential campaign of Lyndon B. Johnson. His work with the party gave Graves the opportunity to serve as administrative assistant to newly elected Senator Robert F. Kennedy in 1965. Following the assassination of the senator, Graves would land a seat on the advisory board of the Small Business Administration (SBA) in 1968.

Business ventures

He undertook his first job at the age of seven selling boxed Christmas cards for his uncle. His territory was severely limited due to his father's rule that he could only sell to people living on their side of the block.

While at Morgan State University, Graves made a name for himself as an entrepreneur. Realizing that there was a big market for flowers during Homecoming Week, he went to two competing local florists and cut deals with both to sell flowers on campus. For a percentage of the profits, the florists provided the flowers while Graves covered the campus.

His time serving on the SBA's advisory board and his direct work with the agency would lead Graves to his belief in the need for advice to businesses in economic development and urban affairs, which convinced him to create an annual newsletter that would chronicle issues relevant to black business people, and raise awareness of the importance of black consumer power. At the suggestion of then SBA Director Howard J. Samuels, Graves would expand the concept of a newsletter into a full-fledged magazine.[3]

Graves started Earl G. Graves, Ltd, and under that holding company he began the Earl G. Graves Associates management consulting firm. In August 1970, the first issue of Black Enterprise magazine would hit newsstands. Earl G. Graves, Ltd would grow to include a number of divisions including publishing, marketing, radio, television and event coordinating arms. The firm is the co-owner of the private equity fund Black Enterprise Greenwich Street Corporate Growth Fund, an equity partnership formed with Travelers Group, Inc. The fund aims to invest and promote minority operated businesses.[4]

In 1990, Graves and Magic Johnson purchased the Pepsi Cola bottling franchise in Washington D.C., and Graves served as CEO until 1998, when he sold his ownership to Pepsi.[5][6] He held board and director memberships with a number of other corporations, including AMR Corporation, Daimler AG, Federated Department Stores and Rohm and Haas, as well as board member of the American Museum of Natural History and Hayden Planetarium in New York City. He was also a member of the Board of Trustees of Howard University.[7][8]

Awards and other accomplishments

Graves received the Silver Buffalo Award from the Boy Scouts of America in 1988, and served as the National Commissioner from 1985 to 1994. He received the NAACP's Spingarn Medal in 1999. In 2002, Graves was named as one of the 50 most powerful and influential African Americans in corporate America by Fortune magazine.

Graves was appointed by the administration of George W. Bush to serve on the Presidential Commission for the National Museum of African American History and Culture. On April 26, 2007, Earl G. Graves Sr. was inducted into the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame. In 2009, he became the recipient of the 2009 NCAA Silver Anniversary Award.

In his honor, Morgan State University's business school was named Earl G. Graves School of Business and Management. It was opened in 2015.

A "special thanks" to Mr. Graves is included in Bayer Mack's documentary No Lye: An American Beauty Story.[9]

Death

Graves died in White Plains, New York, on April 6, 2020, from complications of Alzheimer's disease at the age of 85.[10][11][12]

References

  1. ^ a b Earl "Butch" Graves Jr. (March 10, 2015). "Women of Power: My Mother’s Legacy". Black Enterprise.
  2. ^ "Earl Gilbert Graves Sr". History Makers.
  3. ^ Jr, Henry Louis Gates; Higginbotham, Evelyn Brooks (April 29, 2004). African American Lives. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199882861 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "Earl G. Graves LTD". Hoovers.
  5. ^ Derek T. Dingle (August 31, 2017). "45 GREAT MOMENTS IN BLACK BUSINESS – NO. 30: EARL GRAVES SR. AND MAGIC JOHNSON CLOSE $60 MILLION DEAL TO CREATE LARGEST BLACK PEPSI FRANCHISE". Black Enterprise. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
  6. ^ Black Enterprise founder Earl Graves Sr. dies at 85 eu.usatoday.com, Brett Molina, 7 April 2020
  7. ^ "Earl G. Graves Associates". Forbes. Archived from the original on March 17, 2010.
  8. ^ "Scouts In The Big Office". Forbes. September 4, 2007.
  9. ^ "Earl G. Graves Sr". IMDb.
  10. ^ Slotnik, Daniel E. (April 10, 2020). "Earl G. Graves Sr., a Voice for Black Entrepreneurs, Dies at 85". The New York Times. Retrieved April 10, 2020.
  11. ^ "Earl Graves Sr., Founder of Black Enterprise And Ultimate Champion of Black Business, Passes Away At 85". BlackEnterprise.com. April 7, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  12. ^ Asmelash, Leah. "Earl G. Graves Sr., founder of Black Enterprise, dies". CNN. Retrieved April 8, 2020.