Earl Holliman
EH AC-61.jpg
Holliman in 1961
Born
Henry Earl Holliman[1]

(1928-09-11) September 11, 1928 (age 93)
EducationPasadena Playhouse
University of California, Los Angeles
OccupationActor, activist, singer
Years active1952–2000

Henry Earl Holliman (born September 11, 1928) is an American actor, animal-rights activist, and singer known for his many character roles in films, mostly Westerns and dramas, in the 1950s and 1960s. He won a Golden Globe Award for the film The Rainmaker (1956) and portrayed Sergeant Bill Crowley on the television police drama Police Woman throughout its 1974–1978 run.

Early life and education

Holliman was born on September 11, 1928, in Delhi, Louisiana.[1] His biological father, William A. Frost, was a farmer.[2] His mother, Mary Smith,[3] living in poverty with several other children,[4] gave him up for adoption at birth, while her other children were sent to orphanages until she could take them all back, which she did.[1] Earl was the seventh of ten children overall,[2] and in later years, he was able to reconnect and establish relationships with them.[4] He was adopted a week after his birth by Henry Holliman,[5] a traveling oilfield worker, and his wife, Velma,[6] a waitress, who then gave him the name Henry Earl Holliman.[1] He was so frail in his infancy that one doctor predicted he would not live long enough to see childhood, but when Velma's sister provided him with a generous dose of castor oil shortly after, the ingredients proved to heal him tremendously and helped save his life.[7] Although his upbringing and family history have strong ties to Louisiana, during his teenage years he and his family lived in Kerrville, Texas, for a time[8] as well as some parts of Arkansas[9] (which he once stated made him out to be a "red-blooded Ark-La-Texan"[9]).

Holliman's early years were normal until Henry died when he was 13.[10] Earl credited him and Velma with providing him with so much love and encouragement growing up as their only child,[11] and, despite their own poverty,[7] equally helped him in terms of looking deep within himself to discover his self-confidence in converting his dreams into reality.[2] In addition, when he began his career in films, Velma was so supportive of him, she once even went to a theatre in Louisiana an hour before it opened just so she could be the first attendee present there to not only see him in his first major role appearance, but also to work with the theatre manager, show columnist, and a friend of the family who knew him from his schoolboy days, to go through a vast set of stills for that particular film so she could begin the composition of an album for him reflecting the start of his professional career as an actor.[12]

Holliman saved money from his position ushering at the Strand Theatre, and from also being a newsboy for the Shreveport Times[13] and a magician's assistant,[14] and then left Louisiana hitchhiking to Hollywood. After an unsuccessful first attempt finding work in the film industry, he soon returned to Louisiana after being in California for only one week.[15] Meanwhile, Velma had remarried, and he disliked his new stepfather, Guy Bellotte.[16] He lied about his age and enlisted in the United States Navy during World War II.[17] Assigned to a Navy communications school in Los Angeles, he spent his free time at the Hollywood Canteen, talking to stars who dropped by to support the servicemen and women. A year after his enlistment, the Navy discovered his real age and he was immediately discharged.

Holliman returned home, worked in the oilfields in his spare time,[10] washed dishes at various restaurants,[13] and after some attendance at Louisiana Avenue, Fair Park, and Byrd High School in Shreveport, completed his public education at Oil City High School in Oil City, graduating with high honors[10] in 1946; while a student there, he also played right tackle on the school football team[11] and served as senior-class president.[13] After rejecting a scholarship to Louisiana State University,[10] he re-enlisted in the Navy and was stationed in Norfolk, Virginia.[10] Interested in acting, he was cast as the lead in several Norfolk Navy Theatre productions.[17] When he left the Navy for good, he studied acting at the Pasadena Playhouse.[18] He also graduated from the University of California, Los Angeles.[19] During the time he studied acting at both the Playhouse and UCLA, he supplemented his income working as a file clerk for Blue Cross (later known as Blue Cross Blue Shield Association)[20] and with North American Aviation constructing airplanes.[13]

Career

Film

While at the Pasadena Playhouse, Holliman entered the Paramount lot by claiming he had an appointment with a studio barber. Eventually he became friendly with studio executives.[21] Holliman first got a small bit part opposite Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis in Scared Stiff (1953). Next he was cast as a marine in The Girls of Pleasure Island (1953), for which he needed a G.I. haircut. Finally he saw the barber and ended up with a haircut (and bangs) that changed his life.[22]

After he gained popularity in his image following a change in hairstyle, he then followed with three more films released in 1953.[13] His many credits include: Broken Lance (1954), The Bridges at Toko-Ri (1954), The Big Combo (1955), I Died a Thousand Times (1955), Forbidden Planet (1956), Giant (1956), The Rainmaker (1956), Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (1957), Don't Go Near the Water (1957), Hot Spell (1958), The Trap (1959), Last Train from Gun Hill (1959), Visit to a Small Planet (1960), Armored Command (1961), The Sons of Katie Elder (1965), Anzio (1968), The Desperate Mission (1969), Smoke (1970), The Biscuit Eater (1972), The Solitary Man (1979), Sharky's Machine (1981) and Gunsmoke: Return to Dodge (1987).

Holliman played a doomed helicopter crewman in the William Holden war drama The Bridges at Toko-Ri and a gangster's double-crossed thug in The Big Combo. He co-starred with Jack Palance in the crime drama I Died a Thousand Times (1955), a remake of High Sierra. He starred in The Rainmaker (1956), opposite Katharine Hepburn and Burt Lancaster, playing a rancher's timid son, who finally must defy his brother to gain self-respect, for which he won the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture;[23] he was cast in the role instead of Elvis Presley.[24] His role in Rainmaker brought him such praise that columnist Louella Parsons cited him being "as dedicated as though he were Marlon Brando and Anthony Perkins combined".[25]

He was the soft-spoken son-in-law of a rancher Bick Benedict played by Rock Hudson in the epic Western saga Giant. Holliman would play many roles set in the American West. He was Wyatt Earp's deputy in Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, co-starring Lancaster and Douglas, and a sniveling coward guilty of murdering and raping the wife of a lawman (Kirk Douglas) in Last Train from Gun Hill. He played a drunken deputy sheriff whose brother Richard Widmark returns to town in a modern-day Western, The Trap (1959), and the brother of John Wayne, Dean Martin, and Michael Anderson Jr., out to avenge their murdered father, in a traditional Western, The Sons of Katie Elder. He portrayed a corrupt Atlanta politician in the crime drama, Sharky's Machine, directed by its star, Burt Reynolds.

Television

Holliman became known to television audiences through his portrayal as Sundance in CBS's Hotel de Paree, with costar Jeanette Nolan, from 1959 to 1960, and in the title role of Mitch Guthrie with Andrew Prine in NBC's Wide Country, a drama about modern rodeo performers that aired for 28 episodes between 1962 and 1963. He also had the distinction of appearing in the debut episode of CBS's The Twilight Zone, titled "Where Is Everybody?", which aired on October 2, 1959, the same night as the premiere of Hotel de Paree.

Holliman in a publicity portrait for The Wide Country
Holliman in a publicity portrait for The Wide Country

In 1962, Claude Akins and he guest-starred as a pair of feuding brothers in "The Stubborn Stumbos" episode of Marilyn Maxwell's ABC drama series Bus Stop. In 1965, he guest-starred on 12 O'Clock High as Lt. Steiger, a pilot who learns to appreciate life after being assigned a dangerous mission and winning the lottery.[26] In 1967, Holliman guest-starred on Wayne Maunder's short-lived ABC military-Western series Custer. In 1970, Holliman starred in the TV movie Tribes as the antagonist Master Sergeant Frank DePayster, co-starring with Darren McGavin and Jan-Michael Vincent. In 1970 and 1971, Holliman made two appearances in the Western comedy series Alias Smith and Jones starring Pete Duel (né Deuel) and Ben Murphy.

From 1974 to 1978, he portrayed Sergeant Bill Crowley opposite Angie Dickinson in the Police Woman series. He co-starred in all 91 episodes of the hit series (which he later remarked changed his life),[27] playing the police department superior of undercover officer Pepper Anderson. He later took part in The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast comedy roast of co-star Dickinson on August 2, 1977.

Holliman continued to appear in television guest roles throughout the 1970s to 1990s. He shared a starring role in the CBS movie Country Gold (a made for television remake of All About Eve), filmed on location in Nashville, Tennessee, which also featured Loni Anderson, Linda Hamilton, and Cooper Huckabee. He was also a regular celebrity panelist on The Hollywood Squares, where he was recognized for his ability to trick the contestants with believable bluff answers. His most notable role during this period was in the hit miniseries The Thorn Birds with Richard Chamberlain and Rachel Ward. He also took part in the Gunsmoke reunion movie Gunsmoke: Return to Dodge in 1987 as Jake Flagg, having guest-starred on the Gunsmoke TV series with James Arness three times between 1969 and 1973.

He was an occasional celebrity on the $25,000 and $100,000 Pyramid game shows between 1983 and 1991. In 1991 and 1994, Holliman had two guest-star roles on Murder, She Wrote, in the season-seven episode "Who Killed JB Fletcher?" and the season-10 episode, "Roadkill". From September 15, 1991, to January 4, 1992, he appeared in the lead role of Detective Matthew Durning on the CBS sitcom P.S. I Luv U (a role which he got due to his prominence in Police Woman two decades prior[28]) and after the series ended, he was then featured as a special guest in the season-six episode of In the Heat of the Night entitled "Last Rights" portraying Dr. Lambert, a man who had been a prime suspect in a string of mercy killings. In 1996, he was the guest voice of the character Milton in the season-six Captain Planet and the Planeteers episode, "Never the Twain Shall Meet". Later in his career, Holliman had a recurring role as Fred Duffy, the father of the title character Caroline Duffy, on Caroline in the City, appearing in three episodes, and he additionally starred in the 1997–99 television series Night Man as Frank Dominus, a disgraced former police officer and father of the main character.

Music

From 1958 to 1963, Holliman found a brief but successful career as a singer, and had a record deal with such notable recording studios as Capitol Records, Prep, and HiFi. His songs included: "A Teenager Sings the Blues", "Nobody Knows How I Feel", "Don't Get Around Much Anymore", "Sittin' and a Gabbin'", "If I Could See the World Through the Eyes of a Child", "La La La Lovable", "Wanna Kiss You To-Night", "I'm in the Mood for Love", "We Found Love", "Willingly", "There'll Be No Teardrops Tonight", and "Road to Nowhere".[29] In May 1976, he guest-starred on The John Davidson Show singing a vaudeville-style version of "(Hey Won't You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song" with Davidson, as well as performing his own solo version of The Carpenters track, "Rainy Days and Mondays".[30]

Stage

After Wide Country ended its run in April 1963, Holliman spent the next two months traveling the country in the acclaimed musical Oklahoma! appearing in the lead role of Curly McLain.[31] Later that same year, he appeared in the role of Mike Mitchell in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, summer tour of Sunday in New York[31] and at the Avondale Playhouse in Indianapolis, in The Country Girl in the role of Bernie Dodd opposite Lee Bowman and Julie Wilson.[32] Between September 4 and September 9, 1963, he starred in a production of The Tender Trap, opposite Anthony George, in the role of Charlie Y. Reader at the Westchester County Playhouse in Dobbs Ferry, New York.[33] In 1968, he starred in the Los Angeles Mark Taper Forum production of Tennessee Williams' Camino Real in the role of Kilroy; his performance was well received by critics[34] and Williams himself not only came to see Earl's performance about 11 times, but he also sent him a correspondence praising his work in both Real and Streetcar as being "the best" interpretations of the characters "Kilroy" and "Mitch" he had even seen.[28]

From September 15 to October 14, 1981, he starred in a stage production of Mister Roberts at the Fiesta Dinner Playhouse in San Antonio, Texas, of which he had ownership.[35] He occasionally performed at his theater when he was not working in Hollywood; other productions in which he appeared there include Arsenic and Old Lace as Mortimer Brewster from April 1 to May 4, 1980,[36] and Same Time, Next Year with Julie Sommars in 1983.[37] The facility closed after 1987. He also appeared in stage productions of the 1973 revival of A Streetcar Named Desire as Mitch[38] and the 1977 Santa Monica Civic production of A Chorus Line as Zach the Choreographer.[39][40]

Personal life

In 1960, he lived in Paris, France and resided within a flat located on the Left Bank. Although he adopted the French culture and dialect quite rapidly, he maintained his reputation for being "as American as apple pie."[41]

During the late 1970s, he served as the national honorary chairman for the Marine Toys for Tots Foundation.[42][43] In 1976, he was the grand marshal of the Annual Fourth of July Parade in Huntington Beach, California.[44]

Holliman in a publicity portrait for Police Woman
Holliman in a publicity portrait for Police Woman

He is a vegetarian[45] and is against the exploitation of animals by using their fur for clothing.[46]

Holliman supported the re-election of Dwight Eisenhower in the 1956 presidential election.[47] He is of the Baptist faith.[48]

Holliman is known for his work as an animal rights activist, including serving for more than 25 years as president of Actors and Others for Animals.[49] He is well known for nursing animals on his own property, at one point feeding roughly 500 pigeons in a day, as well as healing a wounded dove and blind opossum inside his home.[28]

For many years, during the Christmas season, he was one of many in the film community to help organize various luncheons and dinners for the less fortunate at the Los Angeles Mission.[50]

Holliman has been a longtime resident of Studio City, California.[51]

At one time, Holliman dated actresses Jane Fonda[52] and Dolores Hart.[53]

Awards and nominations

In addition to his Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture for The Rainmaker, he also earned a nomination for a Golden Globe Award for "Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in a Television Series" for his performance alongside Delta Burke in the short-lived 1992 sitcom Delta.[23]

For his contributions to the television industry, Holliman has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame located at 6901 Hollywood Blvd.[54]

Filmography

Main article: Earl Holliman filmography

Conflation with Anthony Earl Numkena

For several years, various sources erroneously reported that Earl Holliman's original name was Anthony Earl Numkena.[55][56][57] In fact, Numkena was a child actor, born in 1942, who appeared in the film Pony Soldier (1952).[58] Holliman is not in the film even though some sources claim he is.[59]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Leszczak, Bob (July 25, 2015). From Small Screen to Vinyl: A Guide to Television Stars Who Made Records, 1950–2000. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 157. ISBN 978-1-4422-4274-6. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Veteran Holliman returns to TV". Quad-City Times. October 5, 1991. p. 2B – via newspapers.com.
  3. ^ "Mother Of Actor Earl Holliman Dies In Delhi". The Monroe News-Star. January 25, 1973. p. 3C. Retrieved January 21, 2022.
  4. ^ a b Mahan, Bill (October 31, 1971). "Outside Hollywood: Earl Holliman". Oakland Tribune. The Register and Tribune Syndicate. p. 5-EN. Retrieved August 16, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  5. ^ The Shreveport Times November 23, 1941, Page 2.
  6. ^ "Velma Holliman Bellotte Obituary". Los Angeles Times. February 5, 1985. p. 6 Part II.
  7. ^ a b Inman, Julia (November 8, 1970). "Holliman's Luck Has Held Up After Bad Start". The Indianapolis Star. p. 2. Retrieved January 21, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  8. ^ "Arcadia". Kerrville Daily Times. January 13, 1988. p. 14A – via newspapers.com.
  9. ^ a b Alexander, Pericles (March 21, 1957). "On With The Show: Hollywood Notices Holliiman". The Shreveport Times. p. 14-A. Retrieved January 21, 2022 – via newspapers.com.
  10. ^ a b c d e Martin, Bob (March 4, 1973). "Earl Holliman: actor with desire for variety". Independent Press-Telegram. Long Beach, California. p. Tele Vues 1. Retrieved August 7, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  11. ^ a b "Close-Up: Actor Earl Holliman". Box Office Mojo.
  12. ^ "Mrs Guy Bellotte Follows Earl Holliman's Career". The Shreveport Times. March 25, 1954. p. 14-A – via newspapers.com.
  13. ^ a b c d e Alexander, Pericles (November 30, 1952). "On With The Show: Haircut Puts Local Theatre Usher in Films". The Shreveport Times. p. 14-A. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  14. ^ "Profile: Earl Holliman". The Bemidji Pioneer. August 5, 1977. p. 25. Retrieved May 12, 2019 – via Newspaperarchive.com.
  15. ^ Martin, Bob (March 4, 1973). "Earl Holliman: actor with desire for variety". Independent Press-Telegram. p. Tele-vues 1. Retrieved January 21, 2022.
  16. ^ The Shreveport Times. October 25, 1957. Page 1-C.
  17. ^ a b "Earl Holliman". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on June 3, 2011.
  18. ^ Holleran, Scott (March 8, 2006). "Close-Up: Actor Earl Holliman". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on April 12, 2009. Retrieved January 21, 2022.
  19. ^ Aaker, Everett (May 16, 2017). Television Western Players, 1960-1975: A Biographical Dictionary. McFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-2856-1.
  20. ^ Earl Holliman Interview. Skip E. Lowe Looks at Hollywood. August 22, 2000 – via YouTube.
  21. ^ "The Twilight Zone Podcast: Earl Holliman Interview". The Twilight Zone Podcast. January 21, 2020. Retrieved October 18, 2021.
  22. ^ "Earl Holliman: An Oscar In His Future?". San Francisco Examiner. March 31, 1957. Retrieved January 21, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  23. ^ a b "Earl Holliman". Golden Globe Awards. Archived from the original on January 20, 2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  24. ^ Dick, Bernard F. (2015). Engulfed: The Death of Paramount Pictures and the Birth of Corporate Hollywood. University Press of Kentucky. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-8131-5928-7. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  25. ^ Parsons, Louella (March 1957). "Louella Parsons in Hollywood". Modern Screen. p. 14. Retrieved August 11, 2019. I NOMINATE FOR STARDOM, EARL HOLLIMAN: With his angular face, high cheek bones, and fiercely determined eyes, he doesn't look like an actor. But as Burt Lancaster, Katharine Hepburn, and Wendell Corey can tell you, they had to do their tip-top best to keep this young man from stealing The Rainmaker from them. I've seldom seen a finer supporting performance from a newcomer. While he is not a product of the Actors Studio, Earl is just as dedicated as though he were Marlon Brando and Tony Perkins combined.
  26. ^ Title credits
  27. ^ Lee, Luaine (September 16, 1991). "PS Holliman glad to be back". The San Bernardino Sun. p. D-1. Retrieved January 21, 2022.
  28. ^ a b c "Actor_sincere_about_animals". Calgary Herald. December 28, 1991. pp. B13 – via newspapers.com.
  29. ^ "Earl Holliman Discography – USA". 45cat.com.
  30. ^ "Monday-Friday Daytime Schedule". Burlington Daily Times News. May 29, 1976. p. 19. Retrieved May 12, 2019 – via Newspaperarchive.com.
  31. ^ a b Earl's Ledger – The Official Earl Holliman Fan Club Magazine, page 3, Audrey's Letter Shop, Los Angeles, CA, Vol. 1, August 1963
  32. ^ Avondale Playhouse Collection, Manuscript and Visual Collections Department, Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis, 1963–64 Production Year.
  33. ^ "'Tender Trap' Playing At Dobbs Ferry" (PDF). North Westchester Times New Castle Tribune. September 5, 1963. p. 12. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
  34. ^ Kolin, Philip C. (1998). Tennessee Williams: A Guide to Research and Performance. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-3133-0306-7. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  35. ^ "Around the State: San Antonio". Texas Monthly: 96. September 1981 – via Google Books.
  36. ^ "Around the State: San Antonio". Texas Monthly: 70. April 1980 – via Google Books.
  37. ^ Gilliam, Steve. "Steve Gilliam (resume)". Trinity.edu. Archived from the original on March 21, 2009. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  38. ^ Kolin, Philip C. (2000). Williams: A Streetcar Named Desire. Cambridge University Press. p. 91. ISBN 978-0-5216-2610-1. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  39. ^ "Chatter". People. June 13, 1977. Archived from the original on February 4, 2018. Retrieved January 21, 2022.
  40. ^ Nelson, Miriam (2009). My Life Dancing With The Stars. BearManor Media. ISBN 978-1-6293-3028-0. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  41. ^ Hopper, Hedda. "Hollywood and Vine: Earl Holliman Captivated by Paree". The Shreveport Times. p. 10-C – via Newspapers.com.
  42. ^ "Celebrity Involvement". Toys for Tots Foundation.
  43. ^ "Theater asks toys". San Antonio Express-News. December 16, 1977. p. 3-W. Retrieved January 21, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  44. ^ Assembly, California. Legislature (March 18, 1976). "Assembly Concurrent Resolution No. 149". California Legislature – via Google Books.
  45. ^ "Potpourri: Vegetarian Spring Vacations". Vegetarian Times (125): 60. January 1988 – via Google Books.
  46. ^ "Advertisement: Say NO to furs — they Did". Vegetarian Times: 23. January 1989 – via Google Books.
  47. ^ Motion Picture Magazine, Issue 549, November 1956. Page 27.
  48. ^ Interview, Billy Graham Ministries, I Believe...The Religious Faiths of 29 Stars, 1960
  49. ^ Fraser, Nora (October 2002). "Earl Holliman: Actors & Others' Head Honcho Has A Huge Heart for Animals". The Pet Press. Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved January 21, 2022.
  50. ^ "On Skid Row, a Glut of Goodwill". Los Angeles Times. December 2, 1987. p. 1; Part V – via newspapers.com.
  51. ^ Free Autographs by Mail: 4,000+ Verified Celebrity Addresses. iUniverse. June 2000. ISBN 9780595098248.
  52. ^ Redelings, Lowell E. (October 13, 1961). "Mark Damon Signed for 2 Italian Films". Los Angeles Evening Citizen News. p. 7. Retrieved January 10, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  53. ^ Hart, Mother Dolores O.S.B. (April 16, 2013). The Ear of the Heart: An Actress' Journey from Hollywood to Holy Vows. Ignatius Press. ISBN 978-1-6814-9147-9.
  54. ^ "Earl Holliman". Los Angeles Times Hollywood Star Walk. Archived from the original on February 14, 2018. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  55. ^ "Earl Holliman". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
  56. ^ "Movies". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  57. ^ "Earl Holliman". Filmbug. Archived from the original on August 16, 2016. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  58. ^ "Pony Soldier". The Charlotte Observer. March 22, 1953. Retrieved January 21, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  59. ^ "Pony Soldier". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved October 19, 2021.