Earldom of Ranfurly
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Ranfurly coat of arms.svg
Arms: Gules, a Falcon volant Or, within an Orle, the outer edge wavy and the inner edge engrailed, Argent. Crest: A Falcon close standing on a Perch proper. Supporters: On either side a Falcon wings inverted proper, ducally gorged, lined, beaked, membered and belled Or.
Creation date14 September 1831
MonarchWilliam IV
PeeragePeerage of Ireland
First holderThomas Knox 2nd Viscount Northland
Present holderEdward Knox, 8th Earl of Ranfurly
Heir apparentEdward Knox, Viscount Northland
Subsidiary titlesViscount Northland
Baron Welles
Baron Ranfurly (United Kingdom)
StatusExtant
Seat(s)Maltings Chase
MottoMOVEO ET PROFICIO
(I move and make progress)
The 5th Earl of Ranfurly.

Earl of Ranfurly, of Dungannon in the County of Tyrone, a title in the Peerage of Ireland, was created in 1831 for Thomas Knox, 2nd Viscount Northland.[1] He had earlier represented County Tyrone in the House of Commons, and had already been created Baron Ranfurly, of Ramphorlie in the County of Renfrew, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1826.[2] Knox was the eldest son of Thomas Knox, who represented Dungannon in the Irish House of Commons. He was created Baron Welles, of Dungannon in the County of Tyrone, in 1781,[3] and Viscount Northland, of Dungannon in the County of Tyrone, in 1791.[4] Both titles were in the Peerage of Ireland. Lord Northland also sat in the British House of Lords as one of the 28 original Irish Representative Peers.

The first Earl was succeeded by his son, the second Earl. He sat as Member of Parliament for County Tyrone and Dungannon. His son, the third Earl, also represented Dungannon in Parliament. On his early death in 1858, having held the titles for only two months, the peerages passed to his eight-year-old son, the fourth Earl. He also died young and was succeeded by his younger brother, the fifth Earl. He served as a Lord-in-Waiting (government whip in the House of Lords) in the third Conservative administration of Lord Salisbury and became Governor of New Zealand between 1897 and 1904. He also was a member of The Apprentice Boys of Derry Parent Club in Derry.

His grandson, the sixth Earl, mainly known as Dan Ranfurly, became well known for his exploits in the Second World War, and also served as Governor of the Bahamas from 1953 to 1956. His wife Hermione, Countess of Ranfurly, also became well known for her memoirs of her and her husband's lives during the Second World War, and for establishing the organisation which is now known as Book Aid International. They had one daughter but no sons. After this death, the titles passed to his fifth cousin, the seventh Earl. He was the great-great-great-grandson of the Hon. John Knox, third son of the first Earl. As of 2018, the title is held by his son, the eighth earl, who succeeded in that year.

The Hon. William Knox, younger son of the second Earl, served as Member of Parliament for Dungannon.

The earldom of Ranfurly, pronounced "Ran-fully", is the last earldom created in the Peerage of Ireland that is still extant. Despite its territorial designation and the fact that it is in the Peerage of Ireland, the name of the earldom (like that of the UK barony) references the village of Ranfurly (Scottish Gaelic: Rann Feòirling) in Renfrewshire in the south-west of Scotland.

The Earls of Ranfurly owned a large country estate centered on Dungannon in the south-east of County Tyrone in Ulster, Ireland, from 1692[5][6] until the very early twentieth-century.[7]

The family seat is Maltings Chase, a house designed by Ted Cullinan and built in the late 1960s, near Nayland, Suffolk.

Viscounts Northland (1791)

Earls of Ranfurly (1831)

The heir apparent is his only son Adam Henry Knox, Viscount Northland (b. 1994)

References

  1. ^ "No. 18846". The London Gazette. 9 September 1831. p. 1834.
  2. ^ "No. 18259". The London Gazette. 17 June 1826. p. 1478.
  3. ^ "No. 12146". The London Gazette. 23 December 1780. p. 1.
  4. ^ "No. 13322". The London Gazette. 5 July 1791. p. 387.
  5. ^ Colm J. Donnelly, Emily V. Murray and Ronan McHugh, 'Dungannon Castle: its history, architecture and archaeology' in Dúiche Néill: Journal of the O'Neill Country Historical Society - Number 17, p. 21. Dungannon and Monaghan, 2008.
  6. ^ Proinsias Ó Conluain, 'The Dungannon Conventions of 1782 to 1783' in Dúiche Néill: Journal of the O'Neill Country Historical Society - Number 17, pp. 59-60. Dungannon and Monaghan, 2008.
  7. ^ Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North West Ulster (often known as the Pevsner Guide to North West Ulster), p. 257. Yale, London, 2003 (originally published by Penguin, 1979).