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East Central German
Ostmitteldeutsch
Geographic
distribution
Thuringia, Saxony, Berlin, Brandenburg
Linguistic classificationIndo-European
Subdivisions
Glottologeast2832  (East Middle German)
uppe1400  (Central East Middle German)
Mitteldeutsche Mundarten.png
Central German dialects after 1945 and the expulsions of the Germans from their eastern homelands
  Thuringian (7)
  Upper Saxon (8)
  Erzgebirgisch (9)
  Lusatian (10)

East Central German or East Middle German (German: Ostmitteldeutsch) is the eastern, non-Franconian Central German language, part of High German. Present-day Standard German as a High German variant[1] has actually developed from a compromise of East Central (especially Upper Saxon promoted by Johann Christoph Gottsched) and East Franconian German. East Central German dialects are mainly spoken in Central Germany and parts of Brandenburg, and were formerly also spoken in Silesia and Bohemia.

Dialects

East Central German is spoken in large parts of what is today known as the cultural area of Central Germany (Mitteldeutschland).

It comprises according to Glottolog:[2]

Another division is:[3][4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ethnologue: East Middle German". Retrieved 2010-11-24.
    "Ethnologue: East Middle German". Retrieved 2021-09-27.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forke, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2020). "East Middle German". Glottolog 4.3.
  3. ^ a b Wolfgang Putschke:
    • Ostmitteldeutsch. In: Lexikon der Germanistischen Linguistik. Herausgegeben von Hans Peter Althaus, Helmut Henne, Herbert Ernst Wiegand. 2nd ed., Max Niemeyer Verlag Tübingen, 1980 (1st ed. 1973), here p. 474–477
    • Ostmitteldeutsche Dialektologie. In: Ludwig Erich Schmitt (ed.): Germanische Dialektologie. Festschrift für Walther Mitzka zum 80. Geburtstag. I. (Zeitschrift für Mundartforschung. Beihefte, Neue Folge 5.) Franz Steiner Verlag GmbH, Wiesbaden 1968, p. 105–154, here p. 132 and 143 [uses the terms ostmitteldeutscher Dialektraum on the 1st level, then on the 2nd level (adjective ending in -er) Dialektverband and on the 3rd (adjective ending in -e) Dialektgruppe]
  4. ^ a b C. A. M. Noble: Modern German Dialects. Peter Lang, New York / Berne / Frankfort on the Main, p. 131