Coordinates: 34°02′34″N 118°15′22″W / 34.042751°N 118.256226°W / 34.042751; -118.256226

Eastern Columbia Building
Eastern Columbia Building
Location849 S. Broadway
Los Angeles
Built1930
ArchitectClaud Beelman
Architectural style(s)Art Deco
DesignatedJune 28, 1985[1]
Reference no.294[1]

The Eastern Columbia Building, also known as the Eastern Columbia Lofts, is a thirteen-story Art Deco building designed by Claud Beelman located at 849 S. Broadway in the Broadway Theater District of Downtown Los Angeles. It opened on September 12, 1930, after just nine months of construction.[2] It was built at a cost of $1.25 million as the new headquarters and 39th store for the Eastern-Columbia Department Store, whose component Eastern and Columbia stores were founded by Adolph Sieroty and family.[3][4] At the time of construction, the City of Los Angeles enforced a height limit of 150 feet (46 m), however the decorative clock tower was granted an exemption, allowing the clock a total height of 264 feet (80 m).[5][6][7]

The edifice is easily spotted from the Interstate 10 - Santa Monica Freeway, as well as many other sections of downtown,[8] due to its bright "melting turquoise"[9] terra cotta tiles[10] and trademark four-sided clock tower, emblazoned with the word "EASTERN" in bright white neon on each face of the clock.[11][12][13]

The building is widely considered the greatest surviving example of Art Deco architecture in the city. It is one of the city's most photographed structures[14] and a world-renowned Art Deco landmark.[15]

Accolades

The building has been characterized as the "benchmark of deco buildings in Los Angeles"[16][17] and as one of the "grand dames of Art Deco Streamline Moderne in Los Angeles".[18] Historian Robert Winter called the building "a shining example of Southern California's golden age of architecture".[9] Los Angeles Times critic Christopher Hawthorne declared it "one of the most beautiful pieces of architecture in the city".[9] Past president of the Art Deco Society of Los Angeles, Rory Cunningham, referred to the building as "one of the premier Deco buildings in the country".[9] Ken Bernstein, director of the Office of Historic Resources for the City Planning Department, has stated that "The Eastern Columbia Building is unquestionably one of the signature Art Deco buildings in all of Los Angeles"[18] and he selected it as one of the city's most beautiful buildings.[19] The Eastern Columbia is lovingly referred to as the "Jewel of Downtown" and the "Art Deco Jewel of the West".[20][21]

Monument status

The Eastern Columbia was listed as Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument No. 294 in 1985.[1][12][22] "The property meets the criteria for HCM designation because it reflects the broad cultural, economic, or social history of the nation, state, or community. It has become a visual landmark and is representative of the vitality of Los Angeles' retail and commercial core."[3]

Building features

Signature glossy turquoise terra cotta cladding
Signature glossy turquoise terra cotta cladding

The Eastern Columbia Building is built of steel-reinforced concrete and clad in glossy turquoise terra cotta trimmed with deep blue and gold trim.[23] The building's vertical emphasis is accentuated by deeply recessed bands of paired windows and spandrels with copper panels separated by vertical columns. The façade is decorated with a wealth of motifs—sunburst patterns, geometric shapes, zigzags, chevrons and stylized animal and plant forms. The building is capped with a four-sided clock tower emblazoned with the name "Eastern" in neon and crowned with a central smokestack surrounded by four stylized flying buttresses. The sidewalks surrounding the Broadway and Ninth Street sides of the building are of multi-colored terrazzo laid in a dynamic pattern of zigzags and chevrons. The central main entrance has a spectacular recessed two-story vestibule adorned with a blue and gold terra cotta sunburst. The vestibule originally led to a pedestrian retail arcade running through the center of the building.[2]

History

20th century

The building was created to house the then-separate Eastern (furniture and homeware) and Columbia (apparel) department stores both owned and managed by Adolph Sieroty, who had founded his Los Angeles retail concern as a clock shop at 556 S. Spring St. in 1892.[24][3]

At opening in 1930, the building had 275,650 of floor space. The first four floors and mezzanine were shared by Columbia and Eastern stores, with Columbia on the 9th & Broadway corner. From the 7th floor and up the floors were all Eastern. It was arranged as follows:[25]

In 1940, the company started advertising as the Eastern-Columbia Department Store. In 1950, the store expanded to cover the entire side of the block from Broadway to Hill Street.[26]

In 1957, the company closed the Eastern-Columbia stores in its downtown flagship building, along with branch stores on S. Main St., Central Ave., Whittier Blvd., and in Long Beach. (It kept the Eastern stores in Bakersfield, Fresno, and Sacramento, and its Columbia store branches in Huntington Park, Lakewood and Long Beach.[27]) The Eastern Columbia Building was refitted as office space targeted at the wholesale apparel industry.[28]

21st century

In 2004, plans were made to convert the building into condominiums.[29] On June 23, 2005, the long-defunct clock tower was reactivated in a ceremony with city and preservation leaders to celebrate the building's 75th anniversary.[30][31] Developer KOR Group, in conjunction with Killefer Flammang Architects, completed a two-year $80-million renovation of the building in 2006, turning the property into 147 condominiums, with interior redesign completed by the firm Kelly Wearstler Interior Design[9][14][32][33][34][35] These live/work lofts showcase the timeless details of the early 20th century along with modern upgrades.[36] The project earned California Construction Magazine's Best Redevelopment in 2007, McGraw Hill's Best Redevelopment of '07 Award, and the 2007 Multi-Housing News Adaptive Reuse Award.[37] The Eastern Columbia Lofts earned a 2008 Los Angeles Conservancy Preservation Award.[2] The building is a participant in the Mills Act Historic Property Contracts Program.[38] Since 2015 the building has been at the center of a political dispute over a proposed adjacent project, the 26-story Alexan Broadway project at 9th and Hill Streets, that has faced some opposition because of concerns that it would block views of the Eastern Columbia and its landmark clock.[39][40][41]

Actor Johnny Depp acquired five penthouses in 2007, totaling a combined 11,500 square feet (1,070 m2) of space.[42] In 2016, billionaire Ronald Burkle sold a three-story penthouse within the Eastern Columbia for $2.5 million, among the highest prices ever paid per square foot for a residential unit in the Historic Core district.[43]

Neighborhood

Main article: Historic Core, Los Angeles

Historic Core skyline
Historic Core skyline

The building sits in the Historic Core of Downtown Los Angeles, which is rich in historic architecture, and which has largely maintained its historic integrity, due in large part to hard fought preservation efforts,[44][45][46] the 1999 Adaptive Re-Use Ordinance,[47] and Councilmember Jose Huizar's "Bringing Back Broadway" initiative.[48]

In popular culture

Eastern Columbia entrance
Eastern Columbia entrance

References

  1. ^ a b c Los Angeles Department of City Planning - Office of Historic Resources. "Designated Historic-Cultural Monuments".
  2. ^ a b c Los Angeles Conservancy. "Eastern Columbia Lofts".
  3. ^ a b c Historic Places LA. "Eastern Columbia Building". Archived from the original on 2015-04-23. Retrieved 2015-08-30.
  4. ^ Los Angeles Times. Condos Planned for Art Deco Landmark
  5. ^ Los Angeles Times. An Art Deco Landmark Will Shine Once More as Urban Living Space
  6. ^ KCET. L.A.'s Changing Skyline: A Brief History of Skyscrapers in the City of Angels
  7. ^ Dornsife - University of Southern California. Downtown Los Angeles Walking Tour - Eastern Columbia Building
  8. ^ "Eastern Columbia Building-deco masterpiece".
  9. ^ a b c d e Los Angeles Times (17 May 2007). "One landmark, four visions". Los Angeles Times.
  10. ^ Los Angeles Times. Searching for the Age of Terra Cotta
  11. ^ Los Angeles Magazine (18 June 2014). "CityDig: Eastern Outfitting and Downtown's Turquoise Gem".
  12. ^ a b Los Angeles Times (12 May 1985). "1929 Landmark Recommended for Historic-Monument Status". Los Angeles Times.
  13. ^ Jose Huizar - Councilmember District 14, City of Los Angeles. "Councilmember Huizar's Bringing Back Broadway Initiative Welcomes Acne Retail" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2015-08-30.
  14. ^ a b The Kor Group. "Eastern Columbia". Archived from the original on 2015-09-01. Retrieved 2015-08-29.
  15. ^ GlamAmor. Out & About--Art Deco Icon Eastern Columbia Building in Downtown Los Angeles
  16. ^ LA Stories: Photographer Zane W. Levitt's Tour of Awesome Architecture in the City of Angels
  17. ^ Pacific Coast Architecture Database - University of Washington. Eastern Columbia Outfitting Company, Flagship Store #2, Los Angeles, CA (1929-1930)
  18. ^ a b Los Angeles Downtown News. "The Return of a Treasure".
  19. ^ TimeOut. LA architecture experts pick the city's most beautiful buildings
  20. ^ Highbeam Business. Killefer Flammang Architects, KOR Group Converts Landmark into Multifamily Complex.[dead link]
  21. ^ LA Observed. Preservation awards list
  22. ^ Historic Places LA. Eastern-Columbia Building Plaque Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Wurman, Richard Saul & Pietschmann, Patti Covello. Access Los Angeles. HarperCollins (2008), p. 37.
  24. ^ "Downtown Store Celebrates 50th Anniversary of Founding". Los Angeles Times. March 1, 1942. p. 31.
  25. ^ "Concern Occupies New Home Tomorrow". Los Angeles Times. September 11, 1930. p. 8.
  26. ^ "Eastern-Columbia expansion 1950". The Los Angeles Times. 18 June 1950. p. 26.
  27. ^ "Eastern-Columbia closes down 1957". The Los Angeles Times. 3 February 1957. p. 26.
  28. ^ "1957 Eastern Columbia BLDG refitted as offices". The Los Angeles Times. 21 July 1957. p. 102.
  29. ^ Daniels, Cynthia (June 10, 2004). "An Art Deco Landmark Will Shine Once More as Urban Living Space". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  30. ^ Los Angeles Downtown News. It's About Time
  31. ^ Los Angeles Downtown News. Eastern Columbia Officials to Restart the Clock
  32. ^ Los Angeles Downtown News. Art Deco Condos? KOR Pursues Eastern Columbia Building
  33. ^ Los Angeles Downtown News. Opulence and Glamour In Downtown
  34. ^ Kimley Horn. Eastern Columbia Building
  35. ^ Andrea Reider. Eastern Columbia Building, Broadway Theater District, Downtown Los Angeles, March 2014
  36. ^ "EASTERN COLUMBIA | DOWNTOWN LOS ANGELES | DTLA | Leases Sales". Grand LA Homes Group | Wilfredo Navarro. Retrieved 2016-01-29.
  37. ^ Killefer Flammang Architects. Eastern Columbia Archived 2015-08-14 at the Wayback Machine
  38. ^ Los Angeles Department of City Planning - Office of Historic Resources. Mills Act Historical Property Contract Program
  39. ^ Alice Walton, "Newsletter", Los Angeles Times, October 2, 2015.
  40. ^ "New Downtown LA Tower Would Block Views of Historic Eastern Columbia Clock", Curbed Los Angeles, September 30, 2015.
  41. ^ Hillel Aron, "Will Three Proposed Skyscrapers Harm the Character of DTLA's Historic Core?", LA Weekly, June 1, 2016.
  42. ^ Neal J. Leitereg (October 12, 2016), Johnny Depp sells one-fifth of his penthouse collection in L.A. for $2.5 million Los Angeles Times.
  43. ^ Neal J. Leitereg (October 13, 2016), Billionaire Ron Burkle sells penthouse in downtown L.A. for $2.5 million Los Angeles Times.
  44. ^ Los Angeles Office of Historic Resources
  45. ^ Los Angeles County Historic Preservation
  46. ^ Los Angeles Conservancy
  47. ^ Los Angeles Department of City Planning - Office of Historic Resources. Adaptive Reuse Ordinance
  48. ^ "Bringing Back Broadway". Archived from the original on 2015-08-20. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
  49. ^ Los Angeles Times. Julian M. Sieroty; Retail Store Chain Former Executive
  50. ^ Bradley, Bill (23 November 2014). "11 Things You Didn't Know About 'iCarly'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
  51. ^ "12:01 Pm". IMDb.
  52. ^ "Eastern Columbia Building-Downtown (108) – Huell Howser Archives at Chapman University".