In thermodynamics, the ebullioscopic constant Kb relates molality b to boiling point elevation.[1] It is the ratio of the latter to the former:

${\displaystyle \Delta T=iK_{\text{b))b}$
• i is the van 't Hoff factor, the number of particles the solute splits into or forms when dissolved.
• b is the molality of the solution.

A formula to compute the ebullioscopic constant is:[2]

${\displaystyle K_{\text{b))={\frac {RT_{\text{b))^{2}M}{\Delta H_{\text{vap))))}$

Through the procedure called ebullioscopy, a known constant can be used to calculate an unknown molar mass. The term ebullioscopy comes from the Latin language and means "boiling measurement". This is related to cryoscopy, which determines the same value from the cryoscopic constant (of freezing point depression).

This property of elevation of boiling point is a colligative property. It means that the property, in this case ΔT, depends on the number of particles dissolved into the solvent and not the nature of those particles.

## Values for some solvents

Solvent[3] Kb (in K⋅kg/mol)
Acetic acid 3.08
Benzene 2.53
Camphor 5.95
Carbon disulfide 2.34
Carbon tetrachloride 5.03
Chloroform 3.63
Cyclohexane 2.79
Diethyl ether 2.02
Ethanol 1.07
Water 0.512