This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Greek. (January 2019) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Greek article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 297 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Greek Wikipedia article at [[:el:Εχίνος]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|el|Εχίνος)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Echinos
Εχίνος
Шахин
Şahin
View of Echinos.
View of Echinos.
Echinos is located in Greece
Echinos
Echinos
Coordinates: 41°16.5′N 24°58.3′E / 41.2750°N 24.9717°E / 41.2750; 24.9717Coordinates: 41°16.5′N 24°58.3′E / 41.2750°N 24.9717°E / 41.2750; 24.9717
CountryGreece
Administrative regionEast Macedonia and Thrace
Regional unitXanthi
MunicipalityMyki
Municipal unitMyki
Elevation
333 m (1,093 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Rural
2,486
Community
 • Population3,074 (2011)
 • Area (km2)85.691
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
673 00
Area code(s)+30-2544-xxx-xxx
Vehicle registrationAHx-xxxx

Echinos (Greek: Εχίνος; Bulgarian: Шахин, Shahin; Turkish: Şahin) is a village and a community in the municipality Myki.[2] Before the 2011 local government reform it was part of the municipality of Myki, of which it was a municipal district.[2] The 2011 census recorded 2,486 inhabitants in the village and 3,074 inhabitants in the community.[1] The community of Echinos covers an area of 85.691 km2.[3]

History

Karaca Ahmet Tekke Mosque in Echinos.
Karaca Ahmet Tekke Mosque in Echinos.

According to the legend Echinos was founded during the 1360s by Lala Shahin Pasha, hence its old name Shahin.[4]

The village is first mentioned in an Ottoman document from the middle of the 16th century. The document lists those who voluntarily took part in Ottoman military operations. According to that document 23 Muslim families and 18 single Muslims from Shahin were involved in those operations. Their incomes are also included in the document for proper taxation.[5]

In the end of the 19th century the renowned explorer of the Rhodope Mountains St. Shishkov traveled through Shahin and wrote about the village that the people were very passionate Muslims and when one meets a woman, she turns her face aside. If you try to talk with her or ask her something, she would call her husband. He also wrote that the village was very rich and even the children used to dress in expensive clothes. The houses were two or three stories all painted in white. Shishkov describes the village more like a little town with some 200 houses.[6]

According to Lyubomir Miletich as of 1912 Shahin was a Pomak village in the Darıdere kaza of the Ottoman Empire.[7] According to Patriarch Cyril as of 1943 there were 417 households and 1975 inhabitants in Shahin - all Pomaks.[8]

Administrative division

The community of Echinos consists of two separate settlements:[1]

Geography

Echinos lies on a valley of the Rhodope Mountains. It is 761 kilometers northeast of Athens, 254 kilometers northeast of Thessaloniki, and 27 kilometers north northeast of Xanthi.

Population

According to the 2011 census, the population of the settlement of Echinos was 2,486 people, an increase of almost 11% compared to that of the previous census of 2001.[1][3] The majority of the population of Echinos are Pomaks.[9]

Year Population
2001[3] 2,232
2011[1] 2,486

Notable people

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ a b "ΦΕΚ B 1292/2010, Kallikratis reform municipalities" (in Greek). Government Gazette.
  3. ^ a b c "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.
  4. ^ "ŞAHİN KÖYÜ". Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  5. ^ Цветкова, Бистра (1972). Турски извори за българската история. Том 3:2 (in Bulgarian). София: Българска академия на науките. p. 416. OCLC 405458491.
  6. ^ Шишков, Ст. Н. (1907). "Елидже дереси. — Нощна гледка и впечатления. — Елидженскитѣ ханища и нощуване въ тѣхъ. — Вододѣлъ на Шеинската и Муставшовска рѣки. — Помашкитѣ села Вълканово и Козлуджа. — Пашавикъ и турскитѣ медресета въ Родопитѣ. — Гюкче-бунарь. — Пашовикския долъ и стария кастелъ Мусагенъ. — Муставшовска рѣка. — Змиища.". Изъ Бѣломорската равнина. Пѫтни бѣлѣжки и впечатления отъ Ст. Н. Шишковъ (in Bulgarian). Пловдивъ: Печатница „Трудъ” на П. Бѣловѣждовъ. pp. 19–20. OCLC 25301398. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  7. ^ Милетич, Любомир (1918). Разорението на тракийскитѣ българи презъ 1913 година (in Bulgarian). София: Българска Академия на Науките; Държавна Печатница. p. 295. OCLC 404571567. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  8. ^ Райчевски, Стоян (2004) [1998]. Българите мохамедани (in Bulgarian) (II ed.). София: Национален музей на българската книга и полиграфия. p. 139. ISBN 954-9308-51-0. OCLC 68572487.
  9. ^ Hope, Kerin (21 June 2005). "Discrimination fades but isolation stifles Pomak people". Financial Times. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  10. ^ "O Μουφτής". Archived from the original on 2009-04-10. Retrieved 2009-06-22.