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Economy of Rajasthan
Rajasthan Assembly.jpg
PopulationIncrease 7,72,64,000 (2019 est.)[2]
68,548,437 (2011)[3]
GDP15.7 lakh crore - 191.383 billion US Dollars 2023 - 24
GDP rank7th
GDP growth
11.6% (2022-23)[4]
GDP per capita
166,560 (US$2,100) (2023-24)
GDP per capita rank
GDP by sector
Agriculture 27%
Industry 24%
Services 41% (2021–22)[4]
Population below poverty line
Positive decrease 14.71% in poverty (2017–18)[5]
Increase 0.628 medium (2019) (29th)
Labour force by occupation
Agriculture 44%
Industry 8%
Services 47% (2015)[4]
UnemploymentNegative increase 23.8% (Oct 2022)[6]
Public finances
30.20% of GSDP (2023–24 est.)[4]
−58,212 crore (US$−7.3 billion) 4.4% of GSDP (2022–23 est.)[4]
Revenues2.15 lakh crore (US$27 billion) (2022–23 est.)[4]
Expenses2.73 lakh crore (US$34 billion) (2022–23 est.)[4]

All values, unless otherwise stated, are in US dollars.
Bajra field
Bajra field

Rajasthan is a mineral-rich state and state language of Rajasthan Marwari Rajasthani and has a diversified economy having agriculture, mining and tourism as its main engines of growth. The state mines produce gold, silver, sandstone, limestone, marble, rock phosphate, copper and lignite. It is the second-largest producer of cement and contributes one tenth of the salt produced in India.[7]


Mustard fields in a village of Rajasthan
Mustard fields in a village of Rajasthan

Wheat[8] and barley are cultivated in large areas, as are pulses, sugarcane, and oilseeds. Cotton and tobacco are cash crops. Rajasthan is among the largest producers of edible oils in India and the second largest producer of oilseeds. Rajasthan is also the biggest wool-producing state in India. There are mainly two crop seasons Kharif and Rabi. The main source of irrigation is wells and tanks. The Indira Gandhi Canal irrigates northwestern Rajasthan.

Rajasthan is the largest producer of rapeseed, bajra, mustard and wool in India and the second largest producer of oilseeds and spices and milk. Rajasthan is third largest producer of soya bean and coarse cereals in India.[9]

Rajasthan is also the leading producer of milk in North India. Saras milk product brand of Rajasthan Co-operative Milk Producer Union has its outlets in Jodhpur(HQ), Jaipur and New Delhi.


A section of National Highway 48 in Rajasthan.
A section of National Highway 48 in Rajasthan.

Rajasthan is 12th leading investment destination in India after Maharashtra, Gujarat, Delhi, West Bengal, etc. because of its environment, law and order situation, infrastructure, investment climate and favourable population density.[citation needed] Areas facing NCR such as Bhiwadi are now popular with automobile and manufacturing companies.[citation needed] Many of the small scale suppliers and vendors have opted to shift inside Rajasthan border from Gurgaon in Haryana because of power shortage and infrastructure issues there.[citation needed]. But persistent law and order problem in far-away industrial belt is a growing cause of concern.

Rajasthan State Industrial Development and Investment Corporation provides facilities for development. Rajasthan is now the preferred destination for IT companies,[citation needed] & North India's largest integrated IT park is located in Jaipur and is named as Mahindra World City Jaipur covering nearly 3,000 acres (12 km2) of land. Some of the companies operating in Rajasthan include Infosys, Genpact, Wipro, Truworth, Deusche Bank, NEI, MICO, Honda Siel Cars, Coca-Cola, Gillete etc.


Rajasthan is pre-eminent in quarrying and mining in India. Hindustan Zinc, headquartered in Udaipur, Rajasthan is India's only and world's leading integrated zinc, lead and silver producer. With its large scale operations of smelting and mining in various districts of Rajasthan, the company has contributed to the socio-economic development of the state.[citation needed] The state is the largest source of cement. Rajasthan is the largest cement-producing state of India. It has rich salt deposits at Sambhar, copper mines at Khetri and zinc mines at Dariba and Zawar. This is a chart of output of major minerals of Rajasthan.

Mineral National Share
Wollastonite 100%
Jasper 100%
Zinc concentrate 99%
Fluorite 96%
Gypsum 93%
Marble 92%
Asbestos 89%
Soapstone 87%
Lead concentrate 80%
Phosphate rock 75%
Ball clay 71%
Calcite 70%
Sandstone 70%
Flaggy limestone 70%
Feldspar 70%


Main article: Tourism in Rajasthan

Tourism is flourishing in Rajasthan.[citation needed] The palaces of Jaipur, lakes of Udaipur, and desert forts of Jodhpur, Bikaner & Jaisalmer are among the most common destinations for tourists. Tourism accounts for sixteen percent [10] of the state's domestic product. Many old and neglected palaces and forts have been converted into heritage hotels. Tourism has increased employment in the hospitality sector.


A spin-off of tourism has been the growth of the handicrafts industry. Bassi and Molella villages in Chittorgarh and Rajasamand are well known for their wooden and clay handicraft items respectively. Blue pottery of Jaipur and ustta Kalan of Bikaner are also famous around the globe. Jodhpur is one of the major handicraft hubs in India, trading its handicrafts globally.


  1. ^ "Rajasthan Assembly". People. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Population Projection 2019" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Census 2011" (PDF).
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Rajasthan Budget Analysis 2022-23". PRS Legislative Research. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
  5. ^ "SDGs India Index". NITI Aayog. 31 December 2019.
  6. ^ "Unemployment Rate in India". Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy. p. 1. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  7. ^ "Economy of Rajasthan". Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  8. ^ "Rajasthan tops in wheat production - Times of India". 20 March 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  9. ^ "Macro overview of Economy of Rajasthan". Just Wiki. 11 July 2016. Archived from the original on 18 August 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  10. ^ "Rajasthan Economy". Retrieved 10 January 2017.