This article's lead section may be too long for the length of the article. Please help by moving some material from it into the body of the article. Please read the layout guide and lead section guidelines to ensure the section will still be inclusive of all essential details. Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. (June 2020)
Ed van Thijn
Ed van Thijn in 2010
Member of the Senate
In office
8 June 1999 – 12 June 2007
Parliamentary groupLabour Party
Mayor of Amsterdam
In office
16 June 1983 – 18 January 1994
Preceded byEnneüs Heerma (Ad interim)
Succeeded byFrank de Grave (Acting)
Minister of the Interior
In office
18 January 1994 – 27 May 1994
Prime MinisterRuud Lubbers
Preceded byErnst Hirsch Ballin (Ad interim)
Succeeded byDieuwke de Graaff-Nauta
In office
11 September 1981 – 29 May 1982
Prime MinisterDries van Agt
Preceded byHans Wiegel
Succeeded byMax Rood
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
In office
8 September 1977 – 16 January 1978
Preceded byJoop den Uyl
Succeeded byJoop den Uyl
In office
11 May 1973 – 8 June 1977
Preceded byJoop den Uyl
Succeeded byJoop den Uyl
Parliamentary groupLabour Party
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
16 September 1982 – 16 June 1983
In office
23 February 1967 – 11 September 1981
Parliamentary groupLabour Party
Personal details
Born
Eduard van Thijn

(1934-08-16) 16 August 1934 (age 86)
Amsterdam, Netherlands
NationalityDutch
Political partyLabour Party (from 1954)
Spouse(s)
First wife
(m. 1964; div. 1972)

(m. 1983; div. 1990)

Odette Taminiau
(m. 1992)
Domestic partnerHedy d'Ancona (1973–1979)
ChildrenCarla van Thijn (born 1965)
Marion van Thijn (born 1968)
ResidenceAmsterdam, Netherlands
Alma materUniversity of Amsterdam
(Bachelor of Social Science, Master of Social Science)
OccupationPolitician · Historian · Sociologist · Researcher · Corporate director · Nonprofit director · Management consultant · Political pundit · Editor · Author · Professor

Eduard "Ed" van Thijn (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈeːdyɑrt ˈɛt fɑn ˈtɛin];[a] born 16 August 1934) is a retired Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA) and historian.

Van Thijn attended the Amsterdams Lyceum from September 1945 until June 1952 and applied at the University of Amsterdam in June 1952 majoring in Sociology and obtaining an Bachelor of Social Science degree in June 1954 before graduating with an Master of Social Science degree in July 1958. Van Thijn worked as researcher at the Wiardi Beckman Foundation from August 1958 until February 1967. Van Thijn served on the Municipal Council of Amsterdam from May 1962 until September 1971. Van Thijn was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives after the election of 1967, taking office on 23 February 1967. After the election of 1972 the Leader of the Labour Party and Parliamentary leader of the Labour Party in the House of Representatives Joop den Uyl became Prime Minister in te Cabinet Den Uyl and Van Thijn was selected as his successor as Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives on 11 May 1973. After the election of 1977 Den Uyl returned as Parliamentary leader on 8 June 1977 but he was still serving in the cabinet and because of dualism customs in the constitutional convention of Dutch politics he couldn't serve a dual mandate he subsequently resigned as a Member of the House of Representatives and Parliamentary leader on 8 September 1977 and Van Thijn again took over as Parliamentary leader on 8 September 1977. Following the cabinet formation of 1977 the Cabinet Den Uyl was replaced by the Cabinet Van Agt–Wiegel on 19 December 1977 and Den Uyl subsequently returned as a Member of the House of Representatives and as Parliamentary leader on 16 January 1978.

After the election of 1981 Van Thijn was appointed as Minister of the Interior in the Cabinet Van Agt II, taking office on 11 September 1981. The Cabinet Van Agt II fell just seven months into its term on 12 May 1982 and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until it was replaced by the caretaker Cabinet Van Agt III on 29 May 1982. After the election of 1982 Van Thijn returned as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 16 September 1982. In May 1983 Van Thijn was nominated as the next Mayor of Amsterdam, he resigned as a Member of the House of Representatives the same day he was installed as Mayor, taking office on 16 June 1983. Van Thijn was appointed again as Minister of the Interior in the Cabinet Lubbers III following the death of Ien Dales, taking office on 18 January 1994. On 27 May 1994 Van Thijn and Minister of Justice Ernst Hirsch Ballin resigned following the conclusions of a parliamentary inquiry report into illegal interrogation techniques used by the police. Van Thijn semi-retired from active politics and became active in the private sector and public sector and occupied numerous seats as a corporate director and nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards (Anne Frank Foundation, T.M.C. Asser Instituut, Institute for Multiparty Democracy, Wiardi Beckman Foundation and the Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences) and served as a distinguished professor of Sociology, Governmental Studies and the History of socialism at the University of Amsterdam from 1 December 1995 until 1 December 2003. Van Thijn was elected as a Member of the Senate after the Senate election of 1999, taking office on 8 June 1999 serving as a frontbencher chairing several parliamentary committees. In February 2007 Van Thijn announced his retirement from national politics and that he wouldn't stand for the Senate election of 2007 and continued to serve until the end of the parliamentary term on 12 June 2007.

Van Thijn retired after spending 40 years in national politics but remained active in the public sector and continued to occupied numerous seats as a nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards. Van Thijn is also a prolific author, having written more than a dozen books since 1977 about Politics, the History of the Jews during World War II, the History of socialism and several autobiographies.

Van Thijn is known for his abilities as a manager and policy wonk. Van Thijn continued to comment on political affairs until his retirement in 2017 and holds the distinction as the longest-serving Mayor of Amsterdam after World War II with 10 years.

Biography

Early life

Eduard van Thijn was born on 16 August 1934 in Amsterdam to Jewish parents who in 1943 were held in the Westerbork transit camp. He later studied at the University of Amsterdam.

Politics

House of Representatives

He served as a member of the House of Representatives from 23 February 1967 until 11 September 1981. When Joop den Uyl became Prime Minister, Van Thijn became the parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives, serving from 15 May 1973 until 16 January 1978.

Minister of the Interior

Van Thijn became Minister of the Interior serving from 11 September 1981 until 29 May 1982 in the Second Van Agt cabinet and again a member of the House of Representatives from 16 September 1982 until 16 June 1983.[1]

Mayor of Amsterdam

16 June 1983, Van Thijn became Mayor of Amsterdam, serving until resignation on 18 January 1994.[1]

On 4 October 1992, while Van Thijn was Amsterdam Mayor, El Al Flight 1862 crashed into the Groeneveen and Klein-Kruitberg flats in the Bijlmermeer (colloquially "Bijlmer") neighbourhood (part of the Amsterdam-Zuidoost district)]. Hundreds of people were left homeless by the crash; the city's municipal buses were used to transport survivors to emergency shelters. Firefighters and police also were forced to deal with reports of looting in the area.[2]

Senate

In January 1994, Van Thijn became Minister of the Interior again serving from 18 January 1994 until 27 May 1994, when he resigned following the IRT-affair. He later served as a Senator from 8 June 1999 until 12 June 2007.[1]

Personal life

Van Thijn had two ex-wives and a domestic partner. In 1992, Van Thijn married Odette Taminiau. Van Thijn's children are Carla van Thijn (born 1965) and Marion van Thijn (born 1968). Although not raised religiously observant, in recent years he has oriented himself with Progressive Judaism.

Decorations

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
Knight of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 3 April 1979
Commander of the Legion of Honour France 12 February 1982
Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold II Belgium 15 May 1988
Grand Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 8 October 1994 Elevated from Commander
(9 September 1982)

Notes

  1. ^ Van in isolation is pronounced [vɑn].[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ a b c (in Dutch) Archief Ed van Thijn
  2. ^ "Bijlmerramp". National Fire Service Documentation Centre (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 7 January 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
Official
Party political offices
Preceded by
Anne Vondeling
Deputy Leader of
the Labour Party

1973–1983
Served alongside:
André van der Louw (1973–1974)
Jos van Kemenade (1977–1983)
Wim Meijer (1981–1983)
Succeeded by
Jos van Kemenade
Succeeded by
Wim Meijer
Preceded by
Joop den Uyl
Parliamentary leader of the
Labour Party in the
House of Representatives

1973–1977
1977–1978
Succeeded by
Joop den Uyl
Political offices
Preceded by
Hans Wiegel
Minister of the Interior
1981–1982
1994
Succeeded by
Max Rood
Preceded by
Ernst Hirsch Ballin
Ad interim
Succeeded by
Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta
Preceded by
Enneüs Heerma
Ad interim
Mayor of Amsterdam
1983–1994
Succeeded by
Frank de Grave
Acting