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Eduard Meyer; portrait by Lovis Corinth
Eduard Meyer;
portrait by Lovis Corinth

Eduard Meyer (25 January 1855 – 31 August 1930) was a German historian. He was the brother of Celticist Kuno Meyer (1858–1919).


Meyer was born in Hamburg and educated at the Gelehrtenschule des Johanneums[1] and later at the universities of Bonn and Leipzig. After completing his studies, he spent one year in Istanbul. In 1879, he went to the University of Leipzig as privatdocent. He was appointed professor of ancient history at Breslau in 1885, at Halle in 1889, and at Berlin in 1902. He lectured at Harvard in 1909 and the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign in 1910. Honorary degrees were given him by Oxford, St. Andrews, Freiburg, and Chicago universities.

He died in Berlin.


In 1904 Meyer was the first to note the Sothic cycle of the Heliacal rising of Sirius, which forms the basis for the traditional chronology of Egypt.


His principal work is his "Geschichte des Altertums" (1884-1902; third edition, 1913). He also published:

In English translation

He was also a contributor to the Encyclopaedia Biblica (1903) and 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica; as well as to sections of The Historians' History of the World.


  1. ^ Momigliano, Arnaldo (1994). "Introduction to a Discussion of Eduard Meyer." In: A. D. Momigliano: Studies on Modern Scholarship. Berkeley: University of California Press, p. 209.
  2. ^ Robertson, J.M. (1917). Britain Versus Germany; an Open Letter to Professor Eduard Meyer. London: T. Fisher Unwin Ltd.