Education Reform Act 1988
Long titleAn Act to amend the law relating to education.
Citation1988 c. 40
Territorial extent Whole act England and Wales; ss. 131, 134, 202-205, 207, 214-216, 231, 232, 235-236 and 238 and Sch. 8 and 11 Scotland; ss. 208 and 217(1) Northern Ireland; amendments of legislation which extends to Northern Ireland and Scotland also extend there
Dates
Royal assent29 July 1988
CommencementVarious dates from 29 July 1988 to 1 August 1992
Other legislation
Amended byFurther and Higher Education Act 1992, Education Act 1996
Status: Amended
Text of statute as originally enacted
Text of the Education Reform Act 1988 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from legislation.gov.uk.

The Education Reform Act 1988 is legislation that introduced multiple changes to the education system in England and Wales, including the introduction of Key Stages and the National Curriculum. It replaced many rules and structures that had been in place since the 'Butler' Education Act 1944.[1]

Provisions

The main provisions of the Education Reform Act are as follows:

Commencement

Date of commencement Provisions Authority for commencement
29 July 1988 ss. 1; 2(1)(b) and (2); 3 and 4; 14 and 15 and Sch. 2; 20 to 22 and 23(1); 25; 33 to 45 and Schedule 3; 46 to 104 and Sch. 4 and 5; 105; 112 and 113; 116; 119; 137 to 151; 153 to 201 and Sch. 8 as far as relating to the Education Assets Board, Sch. 9 and 10 and para. 67 of Sch. 12; 202 to 208 and Sch 11; 212 and 213; 217; 219 so far as relating to grant-maintained schools; 221 to 225 and 227(1); 230 to 235 and Sch. 6; 236; Part I of Sch. 12, paras. 60, 81, 82 and 102 of that Sch. and s. 237(1) so far as relating to those provisions and s. 238 s. 236(1)
29 September 1988 ss. 2(1)(a) and (3); 6, 8, 9, 10(1), 11 and 13 and Sch. 1 s. 236(3)
1 April 1990 Part II of Sch. 12; Part I of Sch. 13 and s. 237(1) so far as relating to those provisions ss. 236(4) and (5)

Use of the word 'degree'

The Act uses a common technique in UK legislation in that it makes it illegal to offer or advertise any qualification that appears to be, or might be mistaken for, a UK degree.

This restriction is then removed in respect of qualifications from bodies on a list maintained by statutory instrument.

Religion

The act required "broadly Christian" acts of worship in schools. The National Muslim Education Council objected and requested that the wording to be changed to "the worship of the one supreme God".[3]

This requirement was built upon in the School Standards and Framework Act 1998.

References

  1. ^ Blatchford, Roy (22 April 2014). "What is the legacy of the Education Act, 70 years on?". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 June 2024.
  2. ^ Times Higher Education, 5 December 1997, Memories of jobs for life
  3. ^ New community, Volume 18, Centre for Research in Ethnic Relations, University of Warwick, 1991, p.465.