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Education in  Jersey
Government of Jersey logo English.png
Department for Children, Young People, Education and Skills (CYPES)
Jèrriais: Lé Départément pour l's êfants, les jannes et l's adresses
Minister for Education
Minister for Children
Senator Tracey Vallois

Deputy Jeremy Maçon
National education budget
Budget£142,350,000[1]
General details
Primary languages English (76%)

 Portuguese (15%)

 Polish (5%)[2]

Education in Jersey is overseen by the Department for Children, Young People, Education and Skills. The Government is responsible for all Government-maintained schools on the island, including the Further Education College, Highlands College, as well as the fee-paying schools of Victoria College and Jersey College for Girls. There are also independent schools and religious schools, including De La Salle College, Beaulieu Convent School and St Michael's School.

Students at Government-maintained schools will attend primary school from Reception to Year 6 (ages 4 to 11; Early Years Foundation, Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2), and secondary school from Year 7 to 9 (ages 11 to 14; Key Stage 3). Then students can either attend Hautlieu School, a grammar school, or continue at their current secondary school from Year 10 to 11 (ages 14 to 16; Key Stage 4). At the end of Year 11. students typically take General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) exams or other Level 1 or Level 2 qualifications. For students who do not pursue academic qualifications until the end of Year 13, these qualifications are roughly equivalent to the completion of high school in many other countries.

Education is compulsory to the age of 16, however students may take A-levels at one of the Sixth Form colleges on the island (four are fee paying, only Hautlieu School is free for all islanders) or take other Level 3 qualifications at Highlands College, the only FE college on the island. After graduating from Sixth Form, many students will study off-island, typically in England, at a Higher Education institution or on-island at Highlands College or University College Jersey. The Government of Jersey offers means-tested tuition-fee and maintenance grants to island HE students for most degrees up to £9,250 pa (as of 2020-21).[3]

The education system is roughly similar to that used in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. National school examinations and vocational education qualifications are the same as those issued by the UK Ofqual and follow the Regulated Qualifications Framework used in the UK, however are also approved by the Jersey Approved Qualifications Panel.[4] The island has however a distinct National Curriculum, based on the English National Curriculum, known as the Jersey Curriculum.[5]

History

In the 1590s, Laurens Baudains, a wealthy farmer from St. Martin, lobbied the monarch and the States of Jersey to support a scheme for the establishment of a college. The aim of the project was to instruct the youth of Jersey in "grammar, Latin, the liberal arts and religion". In the 1860s, the ancient grammar schools of St. Mannelier and St. Anastase closed and their endowments were later used to fund scholarships at Victoria College. The education of girls in Jersey from the mid-19th century lagged behind provision for boys. Victoria College had been opened for boys, on the pattern of English public schools, in 1852. The well-to-do and the élite classes continued to employ governesses or to send their daughters to schools in France or England; other classes relied on the existing elementary schools in Jersey. Jersey people of influence gathered at the Grove Place Wesleyan Chapel in Saint Helier on 28 November 1879 and decided to set up a limited liability company to further a plan to provide a college for girls in Jersey. Towards the end of the 19th century Catholic teaching and nursing orders – the De La Salle brothers, Jesuits and Little Sisters of the Poor – settled in Jersey. In 1894, the Jesuits bought a property called Highlands, which later became Highlands College. In 1917, the De La Salle Brothers founded De La Salle College, Jersey.

In 2012, it was announced that the headteacher of Hautlieu School would also become the head of Highlands College, after the retirement of Highlands' Principal and Chief Executive Professor Ed Sallis, OBE.[6] This is did not happen.[7]

From spring 2017, the qualification system used in Jersey changed in line with the changes brought in for England. GCSEs are now graded 9-1 rather than A*-G and there is less coursework.[4]

Legally compulsory education

Full-time education is compulsory for all children aged 5 to 16, either at school or otherwise, with a child beginning primary education during the school year they turn 5.[8] Parents may have up to 20 hours Government-funded pre-school education for up to 20 hours for 38 weeks per year during school term-time for any child that will turn four years old during the academic year.[9]

Government-provided schooling and sixth-form education are paid for by taxes. Independent schools on the island receive subsidies from the Government. A child is of compulsory school age throughout the period beginning on the first day of the school term in which the child's fifth birthday falls and ending on 30th June in the school year in which the child attains the age of 16 years.[8]

The compulsory stages of education are broken into a Foundation Stage (covering the last part of optional and first part of compulsory education), four Key Stages, and post-16 education, sometimes unofficially termed Key Stage Five, which takes a variety of forms, including 6th Form, which covers the last two years of Secondary Education in schools.

Stages of compulsory education

Key stage Year Exams taken Age Jersey Comprehensive Schools Hautlieu School Fee-paying schools England "Public school" system
Early years Nursery 3 to 4 Pre-School Pre-preparatory
Reception 4 to 5 Primary Primary
KS1 Year 1 5 to 6
Year 2 6 to 7
KS2 Year 3 7 to 8 Primary or Prep (Victoria College)
Year 4 8 to 9 Preparatory
Year 5 CATs 9 to 10
Year 6 10 to 11
KS3 Year 7 CATs 11 to 12 Secondary Comprehensive Secondary
Year 8 12 to 13
Year 9 CATs 13 to 14 Senior
KS4 Year 10 14 to 15 Secondary Hautlieu School
Year 11 GCSEs 15 to 16

Schools

See also: List of schools in Jersey

Schools of all age groups in the island are broadly divided into three categories. Provided schools are those which are maintained by the States, and include all parish schools.[10]: art. 3  By law, parents have the right to express a preference of any provided school (other than Victoria College and Jersey College for Girls) they wish for their child to attend.[10]: art. 15  Certain provided schools (Victoria College and Jersey College for Girls, with their associated primary schools) are allowed to charge fees.[10]: sch. 1, part 2  Non-provided schools are all schools not maintained by the States, and must be registered with the Government.[10]: part 7  6 schools and colleges provide options for post-16 education.[11] 66% of all students attend Government non-fee paying schools. Around one-third of students attend schools where fees are paid.

Further and higher education

Higher education students from Jersey generally study in the UK. According to Chief Minister John Le Fondré, on average, 1200 Jersey students leave the island to study at higher education institutions in the UK. Students pay the same university fees, capped at £9,250 pa for most full-time undergraduate courses (2020-21),[12] as students from England. In the past some universities charged Island students International fees, however from 1 August 2021, Channel Islands students fees will legally be capped in the UK at the same rate as Home students.[13]

Jersey has a college of further education and university centre, Highlands College. As well as offering part-time and evening courses Highlands is the largest sixth form provider in the Island, and works collaboratively with a range of organisations including the Open University, University of Plymouth and London South Bank University. In particular students can study at Highlands for the two-year Foundation Degree in Financial Services and for BSc Social Sciences, both validated by the University of Plymouth.

The Institute of Law is Jersey's law school, providing a course for students seeking to qualify as Jersey advocates and solicitors. It also provides teaching for students enrolled on the University of London LLB degree programme, via the International Programmes. The Open University supports students in Jersey (but they pay higher fees than UK students). Private sector higher-education providers include the Jersey International Business School.

Curriculum

The Jersey Curriculum is established by education law, published by the Minister for Education and is taught in all schools in the island to children of compulsory school age. The Jersey Curriculum Council, appointed by the Minister, is a statutory consultee for the creation of the Curriculum.[10]: art. 16  Religious education is also taught in all provided schools to a separate curriculum as consulted with the Religious Education Advisory Council, which is formed of teachers, government representatives and representatives from religious traditions in the island.[10]: art. 18  In provided schools, students must by law attend a Christian act of worship at least once a week, unless their parent opts them out.[10]: art. 19-20 

The Jersey Curriculum follows the National Curriculum of England, with differences to account for government and States decisions over education. The Jersey Curriculum is only one part of each school's curriculum, which is designed indepednently by the schools.[14] For example, the History curriculum specifies that students should learn about the history of Jersey, rather than the history of England, though aspects of British history are included at every stage.[15]

References

  1. ^ Government of Jersey income and expenditure https://www.gov.je/Government/JerseyInFigures/GovernmentAccounts/Pages/StatesIncomeExpenditure.aspx
  2. ^ "Schools, pupils and their characteristics Academic year 2018/19". Government of Jersey.
  3. ^ "An explanation of how student finance is calculated". Government of Jersey. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  4. ^ a b "Education update from spring 2017". Government of Jersey. 2017. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  5. ^ "Understanding the curriculum". Government of Jersey. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  6. ^ Jersey's Hautlieu school and Highlands college get joint principal
  7. ^ "New College Principal". Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  8. ^ a b "Education (Jersey) Law 1999". www.jerseylaw.je. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  9. ^ "Free early learning for your child". Government of Jersey. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Education (Jersey) Law 1999, as at 1 January 2019. Available at: jerseylaw.je [Accessed: 19 February 2022].
  11. ^ "Types of schools". Archived from the original on 20 June 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
  12. ^ Students, Office for (2019-02-27). "Fee limits - Office for Students". www.officeforstudents.org.uk. Retrieved 2021-03-09.
  13. ^ "Islanders to pay same university fees as UK counterparts". ITV News. 2021-01-18. Retrieved 2021-03-09.
  14. ^ Understanding the curriculum. Government of Jersey (gov.je) [Accessed: 19 February 2022].
  15. ^ Jersey Curriculum: History. Government of Jersey (gov.je) [Accessed: 19 February 2022].