Edvard Moser
Edvard Moser in 2015
Born
Edvard Ingjald Moser

Ålesund, Norway
Alma materUniversity of Oslo
Known forGrid cells, place cells, border cells, neurons
SpouseMay-Britt Moser (1985–2016)
AwardsLouis-Jeantet Prize for Medicine (2011)
Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences (2014)
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (2014)
Scientific career
FieldsNeuroscience
InstitutionsNorwegian University of Science and Technology
University of Edinburgh
Doctoral studentsMarianne Fyhn

Edvard Ingjald Moser (pronounced [ˈɛ̀dvɑɖ ˈmoːsər]) is a Norwegian psychologist and neuroscientist, who as of May 2024 is a professor at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim.

He shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2014 with long-term collaborator and then-wife May-Britt Moser, and previous mentor John O'Keefe for their work identifying the brain's positioning system. The two main components of the brain's GPS are grid cells and place cells, a specialized type of neuron that respond to specific locations in space. Together with May-Britt Moser he established the Moser research environment.

In 1996 he was appointed as associate professor in biological psychology at the Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU); he was promoted to professor of neuroscience in 1998. In 2002, his research group was given the status of a separate "centre of excellence". Edvard Moser has led a succession of research groups and centres, collectively known as the Moser research environment.

Early life and education

Moser was born in Ålesund to German parents Eduard Paul Moser (1928–2013) and Ingeborg Annamarie Herholz (1931–). His parents had grown up in Kronberg im Taunus, a suburb of Frankfurt, where Moser's grandfather Eduard Moser had been Lutheran parish priest. Moser's father trained as a pipe organ builder and emigrated to Norway together with his friend Jakob Pieroth in 1953 when they were offered employment at a pipe organ workshop at Haramsøy. They later established their own workshop and built many church pipe organs in Norway.[1][2] The Moser family originally was from Nassau; Moser is a South German topographic name for someone who lived near a swamp or mire (South German Moos).[3] Edvard Moser grew up at Hareid and in Ålesund.[4][5][6] He was raised in a conservative Christian family.[7]

Edvard Moser married May-Britt Moser in 1985 when they were both students.[8] They announced that they are divorcing in 2016.[9]

His sister is the sociologist Ingunn Moser, known as the founding rector of VID University.[10]

Moser was awarded the cand.psychol. degree in psychology at the Department of Psychology at the University of Oslo in 1990. He was then employed as a research fellow at the Faculty of Medicine, where he obtained his dr.philos. doctoral research degree in the field of neurophysiology in 1995.[11] He also has studied mathematics and statistics.[12] Early in his career, he worked under the supervision of Per Andersen.

Moser went on to undertake postdoctoral training with Richard G. Morris at the Centre for Neuroscience, University of Edinburgh, from 1995 to 1997,[13] and was a visiting postdoctoral fellow at the laboratory of John O'Keefe at the University College, London for two months.

Career

Moser returned to Norway in 1996 to be appointed associate professor in biological psychology at the Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim. He was promoted to full professor of neuroscience in 1998. Moser is also head of department of the NTNU Institute for Systems Neuroscience.[citation needed]

Moser is founding director/co-director of three Research Council-funded centres of excellence:[14]

In 2007 the centres became a Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience, with Moser as director.[14]

as of May 2024 is a professor at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim.[14]

Research

In 2005, he and his then-wife May-Britt Moser discovered grid cells [15] in the brain's medial entorhinal cortex. Grid cells are specialized neurons that provide the brain with a coordinate system and a metric for space. In 2018, he discovered a neural network that expresses a person's sense of time in experiences and memories located in the brain's lateral entorhinal cortex.[16]

He shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2014 with long-term collaborator and then-wife May-Britt Moser, and previous mentor John O'Keefe for their work identifying the brain's positioning system. The two main components of the brain's GPS are; grid cells and place cells,[17] a specialized type of neuron that respond to specific locations in space.[18][19] Together with May-Britt Moser he established the Moser research environment, which they lead.

Other activities

He is a member of the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters,[20] Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters,[21] the American Philosophical Society,[22] and the Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences.[23]

In 2015 he became an external scientific member of the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, with which he has collaborated over several years.[24]

He is also an honorary professor at the Centre for Cognitive and Neural Systems at the University of Edinburgh Medical School.[13]

Moser has been a member of the board of reviewing editors in science since 2004 and he has been reviewing editor for Journal of Neuroscience since 2005. He chaired the programme committee of the European Neuroscience meeting (FENS Forum) in 2006.[citation needed]

Honours

Selected publications

References

  1. ^ "Orgelskatt på fabrikkloft," Sunnmørsposten 21 February 1994 p. 7
  2. ^ "Ratten mit Hütchen", FAZ, 7 October 2014
  3. ^ Jana Kötter, "Ein Hoch auf die Heimat", Taunus-Zeitung, 16 October 2014
  4. ^ Inger Otterlei (9 April 2011). "Nobelprisen neste?". smp.no.
  5. ^ Fridgeir Walderhaug (6 October 2014). "Flagget for May-Britt og Edvard". Dagbladet.no.
  6. ^ Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung GmbH (7 October 2014). "Zu Besuch bei Nobelpreisträgerin May-Britt Moser". FAZ.NET.
  7. ^ Edvard Moser – Biographical
  8. ^ James Gorman (30 April 2013). "A Sense of Where You Are". The New York Times.
  9. ^ Magnus Braaten (25 January 2016). "Nobelpris-paret Moser skilles". VG.
  10. ^ – Jeg er stolt og glad
  11. ^ Moser, M-B. (1995). Field potential changes in the dentate gyrus during spatial learning in the rat. Thesis for the degree of Dr. Philos., University of Oslo (defended on 9 December 1995).
  12. ^ FENS Office (23 May 2013). "Moser, Edvard I." FENS.org. Archived from the original on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  13. ^ a b "Nobels for research pioneers". University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
  14. ^ a b c "Edvard Ingjald Moser". NTNU (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 16 May 2024.
  15. ^ Hafting, T; Fyhn, M; Molden, S; Moser, MB; Moser, EI (2005). "Microstructure of a spatial map in the entorhinal cortex". Nature. 436 (7052): 801–6. Bibcode:2005Natur.436..801H. doi:10.1038/nature03721. PMID 15965463. S2CID 4405184.
  16. ^ Tsao, A; Sugar, J; Lu, L; Wang, C; Knierim, JJ; Moser, MB; et al. (2018). "Integrating time from experience in the lateral entorhinal cortex". Nature. 561 (7721): 57–62. Bibcode:2018Natur.561...57T. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0459-6. hdl:11250/2578403. PMID 30158699. S2CID 52116115.
  17. ^ O'Keefe J, Dostrovsky J (1971). "The hippocampus as a spatial map. Preliminary evidence from unit activity in the freely-moving rat". Brain Res. 34 (1): 171–5. doi:10.1016/0006-8993(71)90358-1. PMID 5124915.
  18. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014". www.nobelprize.org. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  19. ^ Fenton, André A. (1 June 2015). "Coordinating with the "Inner GPS"". Hippocampus. 25 (6): 763–769. doi:10.1002/hipo.22451. ISSN 1098-1063. PMID 25800714. S2CID 34277620.
  20. ^ "Gruppe IV Generell biologi" (in Norwegian). Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters. Archived from the original on 10 December 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  21. ^ "Gruppe 7: Medisinske fag" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Archived from the original on 15 September 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2009.
  22. ^ "APS Member History". search.amphilsoc.org. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  23. ^ "Medlemmer: MOSER, Edvard" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
  24. ^ "Nobel laureate Moser becomes external member of the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology". Archived from the original on 19 June 2021. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  25. ^ Mangler informasjonskapsel. "The Anders Jahre Senior Medical Prize". uio.no. Archived from the original on 27 March 2020. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  26. ^ 13th Perl-UNC Neuroscience Prize Recipients Archived 2 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine UNC Neuroscience Center. Retrieved 23 September 2013
  27. ^ "The Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize". columbia.edu. 14 June 2018.
  28. ^ Award Ceremonies Amphilsoc.org. Retrieved 21 March 2014
  29. ^ Svein Inge Meland (30 April 2014) Unik ære til Moserne (in Norwegian) Adressa. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  30. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ "Utnevnelser til St. Olavs Orden". www.kongehuset.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 21 February 2018.

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