A2 motorway shield
A2 motorway
Αυτοκινητόδρομος 2
Egnatia odos
Εγνατία Οδός
Via Egnatia
Route of Egnatia Odos
Route information
Part of E90
Length670 km (420 mi)
Major junctions
FromIgoumenitsa
ToKipoi
Location
CountryGreece
RegionsEpirus, Macedonia, Thrace
Highway system
  • Highways in Greece

Egnatia Odos or Egnatia Motorway (Greek: Εγνατία Οδός, often translated as Via Egnatia, code: A2) is the Greek part of European route Tabliczka E90.svg. It is a motorway in Greece that extends from the western port of Igoumenitsa to the eastern Greek–Turkish border at Kipoi. It runs a total of 670 km (420 mi). The megaproject began in 1994 and was completed in 2009 at a cost of €5.93 billion ($7.01 billion);[1] it was managed by the state-owned company Egnatia Odos, S.A.

Geography

The route traverses the mountainous Greek regions of Epirus and Macedonia, crossing the Pindos and Vermio mountain ranges, which posed formidable engineering challenges. It includes 76 tunnels (with a combined length of 99 km / 61.5 miles) and 1,650 bridges. It is a limited-access highway with sophisticated electronic surveillance measures, SCADA controls for the lighting/tunnel ventilation, and advanced vehicle collision absorption measures.[2]

Part of its length, a section of about 360 km (220 mi) from Evros to Thessaloniki, parallels the ancient Roman Via Egnatia, which ran from modern Durrës in Albania to Thessaloniki and thence to Byzantium (now Istanbul, Turkey). The project has therefore been dubbed a modern Via Egnatia (in Greek, Egnatia Odos / Εγνατία Οδός). However, the parallel is not exact; the original Via Egnatia was much longer (1,120 km / 696 miles) and its western section, from Thessaloniki to the Adriatic Sea, ran much further north than the modern road.

The project has raised concerns for the survival of nearby sites of ecological and archaeological significance. The construction of the Pindos stretch (i.e. from Grevena to Ioannina) was delayed due to environmental concerns about the destruction of the habitat of the endangered brown bear. However, a new routing was proposed in 2003, and this part was completed by April 2009.

In addition to the main highway, three perpendicular auxiliary highways are under construction connecting the highway to important cities, ports and airports of Macedonia.

History

Arachthos river bridge under construction in 2008
Arachthos river bridge under construction in 2008

94 km of the motorway had been built as part of other motorways, before the official project began in 1994. Between 1997 and 2004, 393 km of motorway were built.[3] The main part of the project was completed by 30 May 2009.[4] A final bridge was opened on 10 May 2014 [5]

Exit list

This article contains a bulleted list or table of intersections which should be presented in a properly formatted junction table. Please consult this guideline for information on how to create one. Please improve this article if you can. (November 2021)

The exits of the completed sections of the A2 motorway:[6]

Notes
      Under construction
      Planned
Regional unit Exit Name Destinations Notes/Also as
Evros Kipoi-İpsala border crossing D.110D110
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90 to  Turkey
Road-sign-p34.svg
eastern terminus of the A2
43 Ardani
GR-EO-51.svg
GR-51
European Road 85 number DE.svg
E85 to  Bulgaria,  Turkey
42 Alexandroupoli industrial area
41 Alexandroupoli
40 Makri
39 Mesti
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2 also to Sapes and Maronia
Rhodope 38 Komotini east
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2
Corridor IX to  Bulgaria
37 Komotini west
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2
36 Iasmos
Xanthi 35 Xanthi east
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2
34 Xanthi west
Kavala 33 Chrysoupoli
32A Perni
32 Lefki
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2
31 Kavala east
GR-EO-12.svg
GR-12 Also to Drama
30 Palio
29 Kavala west
28C Eleftheroupoli
28B Moustheni
28A Galypsos – Orfani
Serres 28 Strymonas
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2
GR-EO-59.svg
GR-59 to Serres, Drama
Thessaloniki 27 Asprovalta
26 Rentina
25A Nymfopetra
25 Profitis
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2
24 Lagadas
Autokinetodromos A25 number.svg
A25
European Road 79 number DE.svg
E79 to Serres,  Bulgaria
23B Derveni
23A Girokomeio
23/K4 Efkarpia
Autokinetodromos A24 number.svg
A24 to Thessaloniki, Nea Moudania
22/K2 Diavata
GR-EO-2.svg
GR-2
European Road 86 number DE.svg
E86 to Giannitsa, Edessa
21/K1 Kalochori
GR-EO-1β.svg
GR-1β
20 Sindos south
20A Chalastra
19 Axios
Autokinetodromos A1 number.svg
A1
European Road 75 number DE.svg
E75 to the  Republic of North Macedonia
18 Nea Malgara
Imathia 17 Kleidi
Autokinetodromos A1 number.svg
A1
European Road 75 number DE.svg
E75 to Athens
16 Alexandreia
15 Kouloura
Mesi to Naousa, Skydra
Planned
14 Veria
Kozani 13 Polymylos
12 Kozani
Autokinetodromos A27 number.svg
A27
European Road 65 number DE.svg
E65 to the  Republic of North Macedonia
GR-EO-3.svg
GR-3
European Road 65 number DE.svg
E65 to Larissa
11 Kalamia
GR-EO-20.svg
GR-20
10 Siatista east
9A Siatista west
Autokinetodromos A29 number.svg
A29 to  Albania
Grevena 9 Grevena east
GR-EO-15.svg
GR-15
8B Grevena west
GR-EO-15.svg
GR-15
8A Venetikos
Kipoureio
Autokinetodromos A3 number.svg
A3
Planned
8 Agia Paraskevi
Ioannina 7 Metsovo
GR-EO-6.svg
GR-6
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
6A Peristeri – Chrysovitsa
6 ArachthosZagoria
5A Pamvotida
5 Ioannina
GR-EO-5.svg
GR-5
European Road 951 number DE.svg
E951
4A Pedini
Autokinetodromos A5 number.svg
A5 to Arta, Agrinio
4 Dodoni
GR-EO-17.svg
GR-17
Thesprotia 3 Selloi – Tyria
2 NeochoriParamythia
GR-EO-18.svg
GR-18
1B Vasilikos
1A Igoumenitsa – Ladochori
1 Igoumenitsa – Lykopodi
GR-EO-102.svg
GR-102
European Road 55 number DE.svg
E55
Igoumenitsa port
European Road 90 number DE.svg
E90
European Road 92 number DE.svg
E92
European Road 55 number DE.svg
E55
ferry to Kerkyra,  Italy
Road-sign-p34.svg
western terminus of the A2

Gallery

Treatment of 7000 high risk sites in Greece with EIB

In 2020, EIB and Egnatia Odos are committed to fund treatment of 7000 high risk sites in Greece.[7]

References

  1. ^ Egnatia Odos. "The Construction of the Egnatia Motorway". www.egnatia.eu. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  2. ^ Main Road Furniture, Main Tunnel Equipment
  3. ^ "Γεφύρι της Αρτας έγινε η Εγνατία οδός". TO BHMA. 24 November 2008.
  4. ^ "Το όνειρο της Εγνατίας έγινε πραγματικότητα". TO BHMA. 7 June 2009.
  5. ^ "Ολοκληρώθηκε και τυπικά η Εγνατία Οδός". ypodomes.com. Archived from the original on 2015-01-24.
  6. ^ "Aυτοκινητόδρομος (Aftokinitodromos) A2 – Eγνατια Oδóς (Egnatia Odos)". motorways-exitlists.com.
  7. ^ "European Investment Bank to fund treatment of 7000 high risk sites in Greece | ETSC".