Skyline of Eindhoven
Skyline of Eindhoven
Light Tower
Light Tower
Evoluon conference centre
Evoluon conference centre
St. Anthony Church
St. Anthony Church
St. Catherine Church
St. Catherine Church
Flag of Eindhoven
Coat of arms of Eindhoven
Highlighted position of Eindhoven in a municipal map of North Brabant
Location in North Brabant
Interactive map outlining Eindhoven
Eindhoven is located in Netherlands
Location within the Netherlands
Eindhoven is located in Europe
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 51°26′N 5°29′E / 51.433°N 5.483°E / 51.433; 5.483
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorJeroen Dijsselbloem (PvdA)
 • Municipality88.92 km2 (34.33 sq mi)
 • Land87.66 km2 (33.85 sq mi)
 • Water1.26 km2 (0.49 sq mi)
Elevation17 m (56 ft)
 (Municipality, January 2021; Urban and Metro, May 2014; Metro region and CMSA, August 2015)[4][5][6][7]
 • Municipality235,691
 • Density2,689/km2 (6,960/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code040

Eindhoven (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɛintˌɦoːvə(n)] ;) is a city and municipality of the Netherlands, located in the southern province of North Brabant of which it is its largest and is also located in the Dutch part of the natural region the Campine. With a population of 246,443 (1 January 2024) on a territory of 88.92 km2,[8] it is the fifth-largest city of the Netherlands and the largest outside the Randstad conurbation.

Eindhoven was originally located at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender.[9][10][11] A municipality since the 13th century, Eindhoven witnessed rapid growth starting in the 1900s by textile and tobacco industries. Two well known companies: DAF Trucks and Philips were founded in the city; Philips would go on to become a major multinational conglomerate while based in Eindhoven.[12] Apart from Philips, Eindhoven also contains the globally famous Design Academy Eindhoven.[13]

Neighbouring cities and towns include Son en Breugel, Nuenen, Geldrop-Mierlo, Helmond, Heeze-Leende, Waalre, Veldhoven, Eersel, Oirschot and Best. The agglomeration has a population of 337,487. The metropolitan area consists of 780,611 inhabitants. The city region has a population of 753,426. The Brabantse Stedenrij combined metropolitan area has about two million inhabitants.


The name may derive[14] from the contraction of the regional words eind (meaning "last" or "end") and hove (or hoeve, a section of some 14 hectares of land). Toponymically, eind occurs commonly as a prefix and postfix in local place- and street names. A "hove" comprised a parcel of land which a local lord might lease to private persons (such as farmers). Given that a string of such parcels existed around Woensel, the name Eindhoven may have originated with the meaning "last hoves on the land of Woensel".

Another explanation[citation needed] is that "Eind" is derived from "Gender", the city is located at the end of this little river. Genderhoven phonetically would have changed to Endehoven. 'Ende' is also the old spelling and pronunciation of the word 'eind', which would explain the change from 'Gender' to 'Eind'.


For a chronological guide, see Timeline of Eindhoven.

13th–15th centuries

The written history of Eindhoven started in 1232, when Duke Hendrik I of Brabant granted city rights to Eindhoven, then a small town right on the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams. At the time of granting of its charter, Eindhoven had approximately 170 houses enclosed by a rampart. Just outside the city walls stood a small castle. The city was also granted the right to organize a weekly market and the farmers in nearby villages were obliged to come to Eindhoven to sell their produce. Another factor in its establishment was its location on the trade route from Holland to Liège.

Around 1388, the city's fortifications were strengthened further. And between 1413 and 1420, a new castle was built within the city walls. In 1486, Eindhoven was plundered and burned by troops from Guelders.

16th–18th centuries

Comparison of the map of Eindhoven from c. 1550 with the 2024 map
The capture of Eindhoven in 1583, by Frans Hogenberg

The reconstruction of Eindhoven was finished in 1502, with a stronger rampart and a new castle. However, in 1543 it fell again, its defense works having been neglected due to poverty.

A big fire in 1554 destroyed 75% of the houses but by 1560 these had been rebuilt with the help of William I of Orange. During the Dutch Revolt, Eindhoven changed hands between the Dutch and the Spanish several times during which it was burned down by renegade Spanish soldiers, until finally in 1583 it was captured once more by Spanish troops and its city walls were demolished.

Eindhoven did not become part of the Netherlands until 1629. During the French occupation, Eindhoven suffered again with many of its houses destroyed by the invading forces. Eindhoven remained a minor city after that until the start of the Industrial Revolution.

19th century

The Industrial Revolution of the 19th century provided a major growth impulse. Canals, roads and railroads were constructed. Eindhoven was connected to the major Zuid-Willemsvaart canal through the Eindhovens Kanaal branch in 1843 and was connected by rail to Tilburg, 's-Hertogenbosch, Venlo and Belgium between 1866 and 1870. Industrial activities initially centred around tobacco and textiles and boomed with the rise of lighting and electronics giant Philips, which was founded as a light bulb manufacturing company in Eindhoven in 1891.

Industrialisation brought population growth to Eindhoven. On the establishment of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815, Eindhoven had 2,310 inhabitants.

20th century

By 1920, the population was 47,946; by 1925 it was 63,870 and in 1935 that had ballooned to 103,030.[15] The explosive growth of industry in the region and the subsequent housing needs of workers called for radical changes in administration, as the City of Eindhoven was still confined to its medieval moat city limits. In 1920, the five neighbouring municipalities of Woensel (to the north), Tongelre (northeast and east), Stratum (southeast), Gestel en Blaarthem (southwest) and Strijp (west), which already bore the brunt of the housing needs and related problems, were incorporated into the new Groot-Eindhoven ("Greater Eindhoven") municipality. The prefix "Groot-" was later dropped.

The National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands, Eindhoven in April 1941

After the incorporation of 1920, the five former municipalities became districts of the Municipality of Eindhoven, with Eindhoven-Centrum (the City proper) forming the sixth. Since then, an additional seventh district has been formed by dividing the largest district, that of Woensel, into Woensel-Zuid and Woensel-Noord.

The early 20th century saw additions in technical industry with the advent of car and truck manufacturing company Van Doorne's Aanhangwagenfabriek (Trailer factory) (DAF) which was later renamed to Van Doorne's Automobiel Fabriek and the subsequent shift towards electronics and engineering, with the traditional tobacco and textile industries waning and finally disappearing in the 1970s.

People of Eindhoven (during World War II) watching Allied forces entering the city following its liberation from Axis forces on 19 September 1944.
Eindhoven, view to a street: 18 September Square-Vestdijk-Stationsplein

A first air raid in World War II was flown by the RAF on 6 December 1942 targeting the Philips factory downtown, in which 148 civilians died, even though the attack was carried out on a Sunday.[16][17] Large-scale air raids, including the bombing by the Luftwaffe on 19 September 1944 during Operation Market Garden, destroyed large parts of the city and killed 227 civilians while leaving 800 wounded. The reconstruction that followed left very little historical remains and the postwar reconstruction period saw drastic renovation plans in highrise style, some of which were implemented. At the time, there was little regard for historical heritage. During the 1960s, a new city hall was built and its Neo-gothic predecessor (1867) demolished to make way for a planned arterial road that never materialised.

The 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s saw large-scale housing developments in the districts of Woensel-Zuid and Woensel-Noord, making Eindhoven the fifth-largest city in the Netherlands.

21st century

At the start of the 21st century, a whole new housing development called Meerhoven was constructed at the site of the old airport of Welschap, west of Eindhoven. The airport itself, now called Eindhoven Airport, had moved earlier to a new location, paving the way for much-needed new houses. Meerhoven is part of the Strijp district and is partially built on lands annexed from the municipality of Veldhoven.


See also: Subdivision of Eindhoven into districts, quarters and neighborhoods

Topographic map of Eindhoven (city), 2022

The villages and city that make up modern Eindhoven were originally built on sandy elevations between the Dommel, Gender and Tongelreep rivers. Beginning in the 19th century, the basins of the rivers themselves have also been used as housing land, resulting in occasional flooding in the city centre. Partly to reduce flooding, the bed of the Gender stream, which flowed directly through the city centre, was dammed off and filled up after the War,[which?] and the course of the Dommel was regulated. New ecological and socio-historical insights have led to parts of the Dommel's course being restored to their original states, and plans to have the Gender flow through the centre once again.[18]

The large-scale housing developments of the 20th century saw residential areas being built on former agricultural lands and woods, former heaths that had been turned into cultivable lands in the 19th century.

The city is currently divided into seven districts:


Eindhoven has an oceanic climate with slightly warmer summers and colder winters than the coastal parts of the Netherlands. Its all-time record is 40.3 °C (104.5 °F) set on 25 July 2019 and −21.7 °C (−7.1 °F) set on 13 January 1968, while winter lows have dipped below −15 °C (5 °F) during extreme cold snaps. Although frosts are frequent in winter, there is no lasting snow cover in a normal winter due to the mild daytime temperatures.

Climate data for Eindhoven (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1951−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.9
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 6.1
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.4
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 0.4
Record low °C (°F) −21.7
Average precipitation mm (inches) 65.2
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 16 14 16 13 13 14 14 13 14 15 17 17 176
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 cm) 6 6 4 1 0 0 2 5 24
Average relative humidity (%) 86.8 83.9 78.4 71.9 71.8 73.2 74.4 76.7 81.4 85.2 89.1 89.1 80.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 69.0 87.9 139.8 186.4 214.4 209.0 213.2 199.1 161.0 122.4 73.4 56.5 1,732.1
Percent possible sunshine 26.4 31.1 37.8 44.9 44.4 42.1 42.7 43.9 42.3 36.9 27.3 23.0 36.9
Source: Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute[19][20]


The (now monumental) former building of the Boerenleenbank in the Raiffeisenstraat (in the Centrum).


As of 2024, the population of Eindhoven consisted of 246,443 people (according to AlleCijfers.nl).[8] Of these, 43% or some 104,804 people were of (partial) foreign descent in 2023.[21]

People are classified as being of foreign descent when they were born outside of the Netherlands, or when at least one of their parents was born outside of the Netherlands.

Population in 2020 by country of birth of parent (mother, or - if mother is Dutch - father) (2020)[22]
Country/Territory Population
Netherlands Netherlands 160,420 (61.48%)
Turkey Turkey 10,337 (4.7%)
Indonesia Indonesia 6,248 (2.9%)
Morocco Morocco 5,907 (2.7%)
Germany Germany 5,115 (2.4%)
Suriname Suriname 3,771 (1.7%)
China China 3,452 (1.6%)
Poland Poland 2,956 (1.2%)
Netherlands Dutch Caribbean 2,704 (1.2%)
Belgium Belgium 2,651 (1.2%)
India India 2,088 (0.7%)
Soviet Union Soviet Union 1,534 (0.6%)
United Kingdom Great Britain 1,410 (0.6%)
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 1,386 (0.6%)
Spain Spain 1,226 (0.5%)

The municipal agglomeration of Eindhoven (an administrative construct which includes only some of the surrounding towns and villages) has 327,245 inhabitants as of 1 January 2010.

The spoken language is a combination of Kempenlands (a Dutch dialect spoken in a large area east and south east of the city, including Arendonk and Lommel in Belgium) and North Meierijs (between the south of Den Bosch and into Eindhoven). Both dialects belong to the East Brabantian dialect group), which is very similar to colloquial Dutch).[23]

Urban development[8]
Year Population
1996 197,374
2000 201,728
2005 208,455
2010 213,809
2015 223,209
2020 234,394
2021 235,691
2022 238,326
2023 243,730
2024 246,443

Inhabitants by origin

2020[24] Numbers %
Dutch natives 146,443 62.48%
Western migration background 36,057 15.38%
Non-Western migration background 51,894 22.14%
Turkey 11,295 4.82%
Morocco 6,451 2.75%
Indonesia 5,934
Suriname 3,748
Netherlands Antilles and Aruba 2,925
Total 234 394 100%


Of all Eindhoven districts, the historical centre is by far the smallest in size and population, numbering only 5,419 in 2006. Woensel-Noord is the largest, having been the city's main area of expansion for several decades.

Population figures for all districts, as of 1 January 2008, ranked by size:[25]

  1. Woensel-Noord (65,429)
  2. Woensel-Zuid (35,789)
  3. Stratum (31,778)
  4. Gestel (26,590)
  5. Strijp (25,402)
  6. Tongelre (19,680)
  7. Centrum (5,757)


Eindhoven is located in the southeast of the province of North Brabant. This area is historically Catholic and the population of Eindhoven was similarly mostly Catholic for a very long time until the late 1970s. However, the internationalizing influence of the university, Philips and other companies have created a more mixed population over the last few decades.

Religion in Eindhoven (2015)[26]

  Catholic Church (36.9%)
  Other Christian denominations (2.4%)
  Islam (8%)
  Hinduism (0.8%)
  Buddhism (0.5%)
  Other (3.9%)

The spiritual needs of the Eindhoven population are tended to by a steadily shrinking number of churches,[27] two mosques and one synagogue.


In research by the Dutch newspaper Algemeen Dagblad based on the police's statistical data on crime rates, Eindhoven was found to have the highest crime rate in the Netherlands for 2006, 2007, 2009, and 2010. In 2011, Eindhoven has slipped down the list to number six.[28]

In 2009, in the Eindhoven agglomeration, the following numbers of crimes were recorded:[29]

Category Number
Total 61,539
Monetary (including burglary, theft) 37,266
Destruction and public disorder 9,861
Violent crime 5,568
Other crimes (criminal code) 562
Traffic crimes 6,665
Drug related 1,094
(Fire)arms related 343
Environmental 19
Other crimes (other laws) 161



Eindhoven has grown from a little town in 1232 to one of the biggest cities in the Netherlands with over 240,000 inhabitants in 2022. Much of its growth is due to Philips, DAF Trucks and Brabantia. Among recent high-tech companies based in Eindhoven are NXP Semiconductors, Sendcloud, and Signify.

After the resurrection of the Netherlands in 1815 and the end of the Belgian Revolution, Eindhoven was a small village of some 1250 people in an economically backward and mostly agricultural area. Cheap land, cheap labor and the existence of pre-industrial homesourcing (huisnijverheid in Dutch) made Eindhoven an attractive area for the developing industries which were being stimulated by the government of King William I. During the 19th century, Eindhoven grew into an industrial town with factories for textile weaving, cigar manufacturing, match making and hat making. Most of these industries disappeared again after World War II, though.

Light Tower [nl] in 2000.

In 1891, brothers Gerard and Anton Philips founded the small light bulb factory that would grow into one of the largest electronics firms in the world. Philips' presence is probably the largest single contributing factor to the major growth of Eindhoven in the 20th century. It attracted and spun off many hi-tech companies, making Eindhoven a major technology and industrial hub. In 2005, a full third of the total amount of money spent on research in the Netherlands was spent in or around Eindhoven. A quarter of the jobs in the region are in technology and ICT, with companies such as FEI Company (once Philips Electron Optics), NXP Semiconductors (formerly Philips Semiconductors), ASML, ALTEN, Simac, Neways Electronics and the aforementioned Philips and DAF.

Eindhoven has long been a centre of cooperation between research institutes and industry. This tradition started with Philips (the NatLab was a physical expression of this) and has since expanded to large cooperative networks. The Eindhoven University of Technology hosts an incubator for technology startups and the NatLab has developed into the High Tech Campus Eindhoven. Also, TNO has opened a branch on the university campus. This tradition has also fostered inter-industry cooperation in the region; one example of this is the announcement in September 2010 of a new research lab for high-grade packaging materials, a cooperation of IPS Packaging and Thales Cryogenics.[31]

This cooperative tradition has also developed into a different direction than the traditional technology research done at the university. Starting in 2002, the university, the Catharina hospital, Philips Medical and the University of Maastricht joined forces and started joint research into biomedical science, technology and engineering. Within Eindhoven, this research has been concentrated in a new university faculty (BioMedical Technology or BMT). This development has also made Eindhoven a biomedical technology hub within the country and its (European) region.

The Evoluon building initially hosted a science museum; it is now a conference center.

Prime examples of industrial heritage in Eindhoven are the renovated Witte Dame ("White Lady") complex, a former Philips lamp factory; and the Admirant building (informally known as Bruine Heer or "Brown Gentleman" in reference to the Witte Dame across the street), the former Philips main offices. The Witte Dame currently houses the municipal library, the Design Academy and a selection of shops. The Admirant has been renovated into an Office building for small companies. Across the street from the Witte Dame and next to the Admirant is Philips' first light bulb factory (nicknamed Roze Baby, or "Pink Baby", in reference to its pink colour and much smaller size when compared to the "White Lady" and "Brown Gentleman"). The small building now houses the "Centrum Kunstlicht in de Kunst" (centre artificial light in art)[32] and the "Philips Incandescent Lamp Factory of 1891" museum.[33]

Knowledge economy initiatives

Due to its high-tech environment, Eindhoven is part of several initiatives to develop, foster and increase a knowledge economy. Chief among these are:

The Intelligent Community Forum named the Eindhoven metro region the No. 21 intelligent community in 2008 and the No. 7 intelligent community in 2009 and 2010.[39][40] In 2011, the ICF named Eindhoven the Intelligent Community of the Year.[41] Since 2012, Eindhoven has vanished from the top 7 of intelligent communities.[42]

EIT co-location

Eindhoven is one of the co-location centres of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT).[43] It hosts two Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs): Innoenergy (Sustainable Energy) and EIT ICT Labs (Information and Communication Technology). The co-locations are on the High Tech Campus Eindhoven.


Eindhoven, being a city with a 240,000+ population, is served by a large number of schools both at primary and secondary education levels. In addition, Eindhoven is a higher-education hub within the southern Netherlands, with several institutes of higher education that serve students from the extended region of North Brabant, Zeeland, Limburg and parts of the surrounding provinces.

Primary education

Primary education is provided to the children aged 4 to 12 in Eindhoven through a large number of primary schools:

Area Gestel Stratum Strijp Tongelre Woensel
  • SALTO school De Hobbitstee
  • SKPO school De Kameleon
  • SKPO school De Springplank
  • SALTO school De Trinoom
  • SKPO school De Troubadour
  • SALTO school Hanevoet
  • SKPO school Karel de Grote
  • The Regional international school
  • SKPO school 't Startblok
  • SKPO school Beppino Sarto
  • SALTO school De Hasselbraam
  • SALTO school De Klimboom
  • VSEZ school De Regenboog
  • SKPO school De Talisman
  • SKPO school De Wilakkers
  • SALTO school De Zevensprong
  • SALTO school basisschool Floralaan
  • SALTO school De Bergen
  • SKPO school De Schakel
  • SALTO school De Startbaan
  • SALTO school Drents Dorp
  • SKPO school 't Slingertouw
  • SKPO school Theresia
  • SKPO school Trudo
  • SKPO school De Boog
  • SALTO school De Driesprong
  • SALTO school Nutsschool Reigerlaan
  • SKPO school BoschAkker
  • SALTO school 't Karregat
  • SKPO school Atalanta
  • SALTO school Cornelis Jetses
  • SKPO school De Bijenkorf
  • SKPO school De Boschuil
  • SALTO school De Driestam
  • SKPO school De Handreiking
  • SALTO school De Klapwiek
  • SKPO school De Korenaar
  • SALTO school De Ontmoeting
  • SALTO school De Opbouw
  • SKPO school De Schelp
  • SALTO school De Tempel
  • SALTO school De Vuurvlinder
  • SEOO school Evangelische Basisschool Online
  • SKPO school Fellenoord
  • SKPO school Gunterslaer
  • SKPO school Klimwijs
  • SALTO school Louis Buelens
  • SKPO school Onder de Wieken
  • SKPO school Rapenland
  • SKPO school St. Antonius Abt
  • SKPO school 't Palet
  • Islamic school Tarieq Ibnoe Ziyad
  • SKPO school Tweelingen
  • VSB school Vrije School Brabant
  • SKPO school Wethouder van Eupen

Secondary education

Secondary education is provided to the children aged 12 to 18 in Eindhoven through several highschools:

Area Gestel Stratum Strijp Tongelre Woensel
  • Huygens Lyceum
  • Aloysius/De Roosten
  • Van Maerlant Lyceum
  • Heliconopleidingen "Groenschool"
  • Sint Lucas Eindhoven
  • Montessori College ROC Eindhoven
  • Olympia
  • Lorentz Casimir Lyceum

Special needs secondary education:

Higher and adult education

Eindhoven hosts four different public institutions for higher and adult education, as well as a number of private institutions offering courses and trainings. The public institutions hosted in Eindhoven are:

The Open University also has a study center in Eindhoven.

Among the private institutions is the Centrum voor Kunsten Eindhoven, which offers art-related courses to adults (including a DJ-education).


Municipal council

The municipal council is the legislative council at the municipal level in Eindhoven; its existence is mandated by the Constitution of the Netherlands. The Eindhoven city council consists of 45 elected representatives from the Eindhoven municipality. These are elected during municipal elections from candidates running in Eindhoven. Eindhoven politics consists of local branches of the national political parties and purely local parties with strictly local interests. The city council reflects this mix in its makeup.

The division of the municipal seats in the Eindhoven city council after the elections is shown below:[44]

Percentages Seats
Party 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 2022 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 2022 Party
GreenLeft 7.3 7.1 8.9 7.6 14.5 18.5 3 3 4 4 7 9 GreenLeft
CDA 18.6 14.6 11.5 8.1 11.5 11.9 9 7 6 4 6 6 CDA
VVD 12.4 11.8 15.7 13.4 14.8 11.5 6 6 8 6 7 6 VVD
PvdA 18.1 27.0 20.6 16.0 12.3 10.8 9 14 10 8 6 5 PvdA
D66 6.1 3.3 12.2 14.8 11.7 9.7 3 1 6 7 6 5 D66
SP 7.5 12.9 8.7 14.4 8.0 5.9 3 6 4 7 4 3 SP
Volt 5.6 3 Volt
Senior Appeal (Heart for) Eindhoven 4.2 4.9 6.2 9.7 5.6 5.6 2 2 3 5 2 3 Senior Appeal (Heart for) Eindhoven
Party for the Animals 4.7 2 Party for the Animals
Pim Fortuyn List (Eindhoven) 2.3 4.6 3.8 4.0 3.4 1 2 1 2 1 Pim Fortuyn List (Eindhoven)
Forum for Democracy 3.0 1 Forum for Democracy
50PLUS 3.9 2.3 2 1 50PLUS
DENK 3.5 1.8 1 0 DENK
ChristianUnion 1.9 2.2 1.8 2.0 2.4 1.8 0 1 0 1 1 0 ChristianUnion
Ordinary Eindhoven 1.6 0 Ordinary Eindhoven
Pirate Party 1.4 0 Pirate Party
The Party Party (DFP) 0.5 0 The Party Party (DFP)
Livable Eindhoven 19.2 6.9 3.2 4.0 2.8 9 3 1 2 1 Livable Eindhoven
Wide Left Movement 1.9 0 Wide Left Movement
Forum040 1.2 0 Forum040
Stratum's Interest 1.2 0 Stratum's Interest
Future Party (PvdT) 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.9 0 0 0 0 Future Party (PvdT)
Blank list, 1th cand. M. Leenders 1.5 0 Blank list, 1th cand. M. Leenders
Disappointed Citizens 1.5 0 Disappointed Citizens
Together Eindhoven 1.1 0 Together Eindhoven
Unity Party 0.8 0 Unity Party
OPA Eindhoven 0.7 0 OPA Eindhoven
The Greens 0.1 0 The Greens
Proud of the Netherlands / List Rita Verdonk 2.8 1 Proud of the Netherlands / List Rita Verdonk
City Party 3.6 2.4 1.4 1 1 0 City Party
Eindhoven Now 1.2 0 Eindhoven Now
Human and Spirit Party 0.5 0 Human and Spirit Party
Students List Eindhoven 1.7 0 Students List Eindhoven
New Right 1.0 0 New Right
Liberal Eindhoven 0.9 0 Liberal Eindhoven
List Resink 1.0 0 List Resink
Turnout / total 48.3 47.7 43.6 44.7 46.4 41.8 45 45 45 45 45 45 Turnout / total

Municipal executive


The executive council in Dutch municipalities is called the College of the Mayor and Aldermen (Dutch: College van Burgemeester en Wethouders or College van B&W for short). The mayor is appointed by the monarch, but the council of aldermen is composed as a result of the formation of a local coalition government. This coalition is formed in such a way as to be able to rely on a majority of the votes in the city council.

2014 – 2018

In May 2014, a coalition was formed between PvdA, D66, SP, and GreenLeft. Together they had 26 seats in the city council. The council of alder(wo)men consisted of the following people:[45]

2018 – 2022

In May 2018, a coalition was formed existing of VVD, GreenLeft, PvdA, and CDA. They had 26 seats together.[46] The alder(wo)men were:[47]

2022 – 2026

In June 2022, a coalition has been formed existing of GreenLeft, CDA, PvdA, and D66, having 25 seats together. Their alder(wo)men have been:[48]


Current mayor Jeroen Dijsselbloem

The mayors of the Netherlands are not elected but appointed by the crown. Nevertheless, there has been a movement over the last few years to give the municipalities more say in who will be their mayor, which has resulted in consultative referendums being held in the larger cities to "suggest" a candidate for the post. This was also tried in Eindhoven.

On 23 January 2008, a referendum to elect a mayor was held in Eindhoven. This referendum, the second of its kind in the Netherlands, was attended by 24.6% of the inhabitants. This was less than the required 30% needed to make a referendum binding. Nevertheless, the city council would choose the winner of the referendum as the preferred candidate. The main reason for the low attendance was that the candidates, Leen Verbeek and Rob van Gijzel, were from the same party (PvdA). Rob van Gijzel won the referendum with 61.8% of the votes and was appointed the city's new mayor.

The mayor is the chairman of the Council of B&W. He also has responsibility for a number of specific posts (like the aldermen). For example, in the executive council of 2014-2018 mayor Van Gijzel held responsibility for the post of communication.[45]

If unavailable, the mayor is temporarily replaced by one of the aldermen.

Rob van Gijzel was succeeded by John Jorritsma (VVD) on 13 September 2016. Jorritsma has been succeeded by Jeroen Dijsselbloem (PvdA) on 13 September 2022.[1]

See also: List of mayors of Eindhoven

Culture and recreation

Culturally and recreationally, Eindhoven was formed by two forces:

Eindhoven is also known as the City of Light, due to Philips originating from there and because of several projects involving lighting up buildings of the city. During Carnival, Eindhoven is rechristened Lampegat (Hamlet of Lamps, although for the ironic purposes of carnival the translation Hole in the ground with lamps is closer to the mark); this refers again to the important role of Philips in the Eindhoven community.

Cultural institutions

There are several cultural institutions in and around the city.


Eindhoven was home to the Evoluon science museum, sponsored by Philips. The Evoluon building has evolved into a conference centre.

Open-air art

The Eindhoven public space contains many forms of artistic expression (a book published by the Eindhoven tourist board records 550 as of 2001 and more have been added since), with high "concentrations" of them in the parks. The Stadswandelpark for instance, contains over 30 works of modern art. There are also several other works of art on permanent display throughout the city, such as Flying Pins (by Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen, who considered the location on the southern stretch of the John F. Kennedylaan to be like a bowling alley) and Swing (a construct on the Karel de Grotelaan, which morphs into different geometric shapes as you move around it). There are also a number of statues of famous city inhabitants, such as Jan van Hooff (by Auke Hettema, 1992) and Frits Philips (by Kees Verkade) on the Market Square. There is a statue of Anton Philips in front of the central railway station.

Piazza Centre as seen from Demer

Eindhoven is also, to some degree, open to forms of impromptu and alternative art. For example, the Berenkuil is a freezone for graffiti artists in the city.

Light art

Strijp-S is a place for experimentation with LED lighting, which keeps the historic connection with Philips' past.[49] Some light art includes the project Fakkel by Har Hollands. In the underground passage to NatLab artist Daan Roosegaarde installed his project Crystal.

Strijp-S is a regular location for the light festival GLOW.[50][51]

Music and theatre

The Effenaar music venue.

The Effenaar is a popular music venue and cultural center in Eindhoven, and is located at the Dommelstraat.[52]

In 1992, the Muziekcentrum Frits Philips was opened as a stage for classical and popular music in Eindhoven, reviewed by critics as a concert hall with acoustics that rival the best halls in Europe. Before that, Philips sponsored the POC.

Parktheater Eindhoven is Eindhoven's stage for opera, cabaret, ballet etc. Opened in 1964, it has received over 250,000 visitors every year. With its 1,000 m2 it has one of the largest stages in the Netherlands. With a major renovation ending in 2007, the new Parktheater will receive an estimated 300,000 visitors a year.

Eindhoven's Plaza Futura is now a cinema featuring cultural movies, lectures and special cultural events.

Especially for students, Studium Generale Eindhoven organizes "socially, culturally and intellectually formative events".[53] From within the student body, two Tunas provide entertainment from time to time at university and city events: Tuna Ciudad de Luz (Tuna of the City of Light) and the ladies tuna La Tuniña.[54][55]

The general music and theatre scene in Eindhoven (in the broadest sense) is supported by a foundation called PopEi.[56] The purpose of this foundation is to support artistic groups with facilities, especially rehearsal stages and areas (housed in the old Philips location of Strijp-S) but also storage facilities. PopEi also provides a working environment for groups (through cafeteria facilities in Strijp-S, so groups can have real working days) and provides some logistical support for organizing events.


Eindhoven has a lively recreational scene. For going out, there are numerous bars on the Market square, Stratumseind (Stratum's End) which is the largest pub-street in the Netherlands, Dommelstraat, Wilhelmina square and throughout the rest of the city. In addition to the more culturally oriented Plaza Futura, there are three cinemas in the centre of town ("Servicebioscoop Zien", "Vue" and Pathé Eindhoven, which offers THX sound, IMAX screens and 3D movie viewing).

Eindhoven also hosts a large number of cultural and entertainment-oriented festivals. The biggest festivals in Eindhoven are:


Eindhoven contains several parks and a lot of open, green space. Of the five largest cities in the Netherlands, it has the highest percentage of green area (encompassing about ⅓ of all public space). It is also the greenest of the five largest cities in North Brabant. The green area per house is about 100 square metres (1,100 square feet).[61]

Some of the major parks in Eindhoven are the Stadswandelpark, Genneper Parken, the Philips van Lenneppark, Philips de Jongh Wandelpark and the Henri Dunantpark. There is also a green area surrounding the Karpendonkse Plas (a water area). The combination of park area, water and general atmosphere got the Ooievaarsnest neighborhood elected the "Best large-city neighborhood of the Netherlands" by the NRC Handelsblad in 1997.[62]


Philips Stadion.

Adult-orientated entertainment

The centre of town features two casinos (one branch of Holland Casino and the independent Casino4Events). At the A67 a Jack's casino is located.

There is a red light district on the Baekelandplein, as well as four brothels throughout the city. There is also a blue movie theater.


Main article: Strijp-S

The old Philips factory complex has been transformed into a multi-purpose cultural and residential complex called Strijp-S. This includes conference and event space, space for concerts and events, art of lighting, space for sports such as BMX, bouldering, and more, a walking promenade, etc.


Eindhoven features several print media. The local newspaper, called the Eindhovens Dagblad, is a daily newspaper with over 110,000 subscribers in the Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven region.[67] It has a national and international section, as well as a section dedicated to regional news; the editorial department is located in Eindhoven.

In addition to the newspaper, Eindhoven is served by a number of weekly door-to-door publications. Chief among these is Groot Eindhoven (which carries publications of the city council, as well as other articles and advertisements). Other than that there are de Trompetter, de Weekendkrant and the ZondagsNieuws. The first two are delivered midweek, the last two are weekend publications.

There are several regional and municipal radio stations. The local radio station is Studio040, whereas Omroep Brabant and RoyaalFM provide regional radio.

Local television is provided by Studio040. Omroep Brabant broadcasts regionally from its television studio in Son.

Internet, television and telephone connectivity is available via cable television, optic fiber and ADSL.


Eindhoven Airport
Eindhoven Airport

Air traffic

Eindhoven Airport is the closest airport, located approximately 8 kilometres (5 miles) from the town centre. The airport serves as a military air base and a civilian commercial airport. Eindhoven Airport is the second-busiest in the Netherlands (after Schiphol).

This article needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (November 2021)

Ryanair serves London Stansted Airport, Dublin, Kyiv, Rome, Milan, Pisa, Bordeaux, Marseille, Glasgow, Madrid, Valencia, Stockholm, Kaunas, Malta, Sofia and Barcelona. Wizz air serves Belgrade, Brno, Bucharest-Otopeni, Budapest, Cluj-Napoca, Debrecen, Gdańsk, Katowice, Prague, Riga, Sofia, Timișoara, Vilnius, Wrocław. In the summer season, Reykjavík is served with 2 weekly flights operated by Iceland Express. Transavia services Alicante, Antalya, Athens, Bodrum, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Gran Canaria, Innsbruck, Málaga, Majorca, Munich, Prague, Rhodes and Salzburg, though some destinations are served only seasonally. Eindhoven Airport served more than 6.2 million passengers in 2018.

Eindhoven Central Station

Rail traffic

Eindhoven is a rail transport hub. Eindhoven Centraal railway station is the main station in Eindhoven. It has connections in the directions of:

Eindhoven Centraal is served by both intercity and local services while the smaller station, Eindhoven Strijp-S is only served by local trains. Towards 's-Hertogenbosch, Utrecht and Amsterdam trains run every ten minutes, on every day of the week. Eindhoven Stadion is a small station that serves Philips Stadion in the event of football matches or other special events at the stadium. It is located 900m west of the main station.

Up until World War II, a train service connected Amsterdam to Liège via Eindhoven and Valkenswaard, but the service was discontinued and the line broken up. Recently,[when?] talks have resumed to have a service to Neerpelt, Belgium via Weert.

Roads and highways

The A2/E25 motorway from Amsterdam to Luxembourg passes Eindhoven to the west and south of the city. The A2 connects to the highway A58 to Tilburg and Breda just north of the city. Just south of Eindhoven, the A2 connects to the A67 / E34 between Antwerp and Duisburg. In 2006, the A50 was completed connecting Eindhoven to Nijmegen and Zwolle.

Local public transit

The public transport of Eindhoven consists of more than 20 city bus lines, which also serve neighbouring villages such as Veldhoven, Geldrop and Nuenen. Nine of these buslines (400–408) are marketed as high quality public transport and run with 43 electric articulated buses. Two specially built separated busways (HOV1 & HOV2) are used by lines 400 to 408. Line 401 to the airport runs almost completely on separated busways. Apart from the city lines there are some 30 regional and rush-hour lines.

Bicycle infrastructure

Akin to all large Dutch cities, Eindhoven has an extensive network of bicycle paths. Since 2012, the Eindhoven bicycle path network has incorporated the Hovenring.

Medical care

Eindhoven has two hospitals in three locations: the Catharina Hospital and the Máxima Medisch Centrum, which has a branch in Woensel-Zuid (the old Diaconessenhuis) and one in Veldhoven (the old Sint Joseph Hospital). These three have an extensive cooperation and have divided specialties among each other. Emergency medicine, for example, is concentrated in the MMC Veldhoven branch and the Catharina Hospital, the MMC Eindhoven branch has no emergency department. Cardiac procedures are done in the Catharina.

Catharina is also an academic and research hospital and participates in a shared research program with Philips Medical, the Eindhoven University of Technology and the Maastricht University into biomedical science, technology and engineering.


Statue of Frits Philips in Eindhoven

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the Netherlands

Eindhoven is twinned with:

See also


  1. ^ a b "Jeroen Dijsselbloem" (in Dutch). Gemeente Eindhoven. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 5611EM". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2021. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; Regionale kerncijfers Nederland" [Regional core figures Netherlands]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2020. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  6. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline; Metro region (in Dutch). CBS. 31 August 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline; CMSA (in Dutch). CBS. 31 August 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  8. ^ a b c Statistieken gemeente Eindhoven, AlleCijfers.nl
  9. ^ Schippers, Hans (2009), "Stadsrechten en een stadswapen, 1232: het vroege Eindhoven", in Lintsen, Harry; et al. (eds.), De canon van Eindhoven (in Dutch), 's-Hertogenbosch: Heijnen, pp. 29–34, ISBN 9789086801275
  10. ^ The Gender was dammed short of the city centre in the 1950s, but the Dommel still runs through the city.
  11. ^ "Bevolking 2015". Archived from the original on 13 November 2015.
  12. ^ Koopmans, Joop W. (5 November 2015). Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1-4422-5593-7.
  13. ^ "10 designers to watch from Design Academy Eindhoven class of 2017". Dezeen. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 15 September 2022.
  14. ^ "A brief history of Eindhoven". Eindhoven News. 6 February 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2023.
  15. ^ "Eindhoven – Groei van Eindhoven (inwoners)". Eindhoven.nl. 30 April 2016. Archived from the original on 6 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 July 2007. Retrieved 6 July 2007.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Low level daylight attack on the Philips plant, Holland". WWII Today. 6 December 2012.
  18. ^ "Map and De Nieuwe Gender" (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 28 August 2007. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  19. ^ "Weerstatistieken Eindhoven". Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 5 July 2022.
  20. ^ "Klimaatviewer 1991-2020". Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 5 July 2022.
  21. ^ Autochtoon of migratieachtergrond, AlleCijfers.nl
  22. ^ "CBS StatLine – Bevolking; leeftijd, herkomstgroepering, geslacht en regio, 1 januari". Archived from the original on 30 June 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  23. ^ Jos & Cor Swanenberg: Taal in stad en land: Oost-Brabants, ISBN 9012090105
  24. ^ "CBS Statline". opendata.cbs.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 28 June 2023.
  25. ^ http://eindhoven.buurtmonitor.nl/ eindhoven.buurtmonitor.nl
  26. ^ http://www.rtlnieuws.nl/buurtfacts/opmerkelijk!/Geloof/noord-brabant/eindhoven///religie-Eindhoven[permanent dead link]
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 October 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ "Rotterdam onveiligste gemeente - Binnenland - AD". Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
  29. ^ "Gereg.criminaliteit; misdrijven naar soort misdrijf en politieregio" (in Dutch). CBS Statline. 7 July 2010. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
  30. ^ a b "Dè is toch wè?! Wim Daniëls maakt Brabants theaterstuk 'Een ons komma's' | Hallo 040". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  31. ^ Wenstedt, Joop (25 September 2010). "Nieuw testlab voor hoogwaardige verpakkingen" [New testing lab for high-grade packaging materials]. Technisch Weekblad (in Dutch). The Hague, Netherlands: Uitgeverij Bèta Publishers. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  32. ^ "Centrum kunstlicht in de kunst te Eindhoven. Museum voor lichtkunst en lichteffecten" (in Dutch). Kunstlichtkunst.nl. Archived from the original on 6 March 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
  33. ^ "Philips gloeilampenfabriekje anno 1891". Philipsfabriek1891.nl. Archived from the original on 24 January 2001. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
  34. ^ "Brainport". Brainport.nl. 18 February 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  35. ^ "Home – Brainport Development". Brainportdevelopment.nl. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  36. ^ Morisson, A. & Doussineau, M. (2019). Regional innovation governance and place-based policies: design, implementation and implications. Regional Studies, Regional Science,6(1),101–116. https://rsa.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21681376.2019.1578257.
  37. ^ "SRE - Uitgelicht". Archived from the original on 8 April 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  38. ^ [1] Archived 13 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  39. ^ "Intelligent Community Forum Announces Top Seven Intelligent Communities of 2011". Intelligent Community Forum. 19 January 2011. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  40. ^ Postma, Renée. "Brabantse techniek terug in de wereld" [Brabant technology back in the world]. NRC Handelsblad (in Dutch). p. 13. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  41. ^ "ICF Names Eindhoven Region of the Netherlands as its Intelligent Community of the Year 2011". Intelligent Community Forum. 3 June 2011. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
  42. ^ "The Top7 Intelligent Communities of the Year". Intelligent Community Forum.
  43. ^ "European Institute of Innovation and Technology: Home". Eit.europa.eu. Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
  44. ^ "Databank verkiezingsuitslagen". Verkiezingsuitslagen.nl. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  45. ^ a b "College van B&W 2014–2018" (in Dutch). Gemeente Eindhoven. Archived from the original on 3 August 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  46. ^ "Akkoord bereikt over coalitie Eindhoven" (in Dutch). Omroep Brabant. 18 May 2018. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  47. ^ "Eindhoven heeft nieuwe coalitie" (in Dutch). Omroep Brabant. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  48. ^ "Nieuw college en nieuw bestuursakkoord" (in Dutch). Gemeente Eindhoven. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  49. ^ 'Lichtproject op Strijp-S pakt Auroralia Award in Lyon', Eindhovens Dagblad.
  50. ^ 'Herbeleef Glow Eindhoven: Routes en hoogtepunten door de jaren heen', Eindhovens Dagblad.
  51. ^ 'Licht zien, voelen en zelfs opslaan op Glow Next', Eindhovens Dagblad.
  52. ^ Evenement. "Effenaar". Effenaar.nl. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
  53. ^ "Studium Generale Eindhoven". Studiumgenerale-eindhoven.nl. Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  54. ^ "Tuna Ciudad de Luz". Tuna Ciudad de Luz. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  55. ^ "La Tuniña". La Tuniña. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  56. ^ "Home | POPEI". Popei.nl. 22 February 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  57. ^ "ABlive gratis festival Eindhoven 23 Augustus 2008". Ablive.nl. Archived from the original on 31 December 2008. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
  58. ^ "Muziek op de Dommel gratis toegankelijk klassiek muziek festival". muziekopdedommel.nl. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  59. ^ "Stichting Virus – Startpagina". Virus.nl. Archived from the original on 12 July 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
  60. ^ "STRP Festival". Strp.nl. Retrieved 5 May 2009. Dominator Festival – Hardcore Music Festival (July). Run by Q-Dance and Art of dance
  61. ^ "Eindhoven - Nieuwsbericht". Archived from the original on 17 June 2013.
  62. ^ "Profiel: Buurten in Nederland". NRC Handelsblad (in Dutch). 18 September 1997. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
  63. ^ "Hockeyers Oranje Zwart voor de derde keer op rij kampioen". NRC Handelsblad (in Dutch). 8 May 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  64. ^ "Oranje Zwart wint EHL-finale na shoot-outs" (in Dutch). NOS. 6 April 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  65. ^ "First training session of 2019". Facebook. 6 March 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  66. ^ "Benelux Winners 2017". 2017. Archived from the original on 8 March 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  67. ^ "Verspreidingsgebied". Archived from the original on 6 March 2010. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
  68. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 17 January 2014.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  69. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 17 January 2014.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  70. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 17 January 2014.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  71. ^ "Les villes jumelles". bayeux.fr (in French). Bayeux. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  72. ^ "Współpraca zagraniczna". bialystok.pl (in Polish). Białystok. Archived from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  73. ^ "Quienes Somos". chinantlan.org (in Spanish). Chinantlan. Archived from the original on 3 June 2023. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  74. ^ "リンク集". city.kadoma.osaka.jp (in Japanese). Kadoma. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  75. ^ "Twin towns of Minsk". minsk.gov.by. Minsk. Archived from the original on 9 September 2020. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  76. ^ "Eindhoven's sister city Nanjing shines light on Eindhoven". eindhovennews.com. Eindhoven News. 10 September 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2020.


Media related to Eindhoven at Wikimedia Commons Eindhoven travel guide from Wikivoyage