Cyrillic letter El with hook
Phonetic usage:/ɬ/
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АА̀А̂А̄ӒБВГ
ҐДЂЃЕЀЕ̄Е̂
ЁЄЖЗЗ́ЅИІ
ЇЍИ̂ӢЙЈК
ЛЉМНЊОО̀О̂
ŌӦПРСС́ТЋ
ЌУУ̀У̂ӮЎӰФ
ХЦЧЏШЩЪ
Ъ̀ЫЬѢЭЮЮ̀Я
Я̀
Non-Slavic letters
ӐА̊А̃Ӓ̄ӔӘӘ́Ә̃
ӚВ̌ԜГ̑Г̇Г̣Г̌Г̂
Г̆Г̈г̊ҔҒӺҒ̌
ғ̊ӶД́Д̌Д̈Д̣Д̆
ӖЕ̃Ё̄Є̈ԐԐ̈ҖӜ
ӁЖ̣ҘӞЗ̌З̣З̆Ӡ
И̃ӤҊҚӃҠҞҜ
К̣к̊қ̊ԚЛ́ӅԮ
ԒЛ̈ӍН́ӉҢԨ
ӇҤО̆О̃Ӧ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́
Ө̆ӪԤП̈ҎР̌С̌Ҫ
С̣С̱Т́Т̈Т̌Т̇Т̣Ҭ
У̃ӲУ̊Ӱ̄ҰҮҮ́
Х̣Х̱Х̮Х̑Х̌ҲӼх̊
Ӿӿ̊ҺҺ̈ԦЦ̌Ц̈Ҵ
ҶҶ̣ӴӋҸЧ̇Ч̣
ҼҾШ̣Ы̆Ы̄Ӹ
ҌҨЭ̆Э̄Э̇ӬӬ́Ӭ̄
Ю̆Ю̈Ю̄Я̆Я̄Я̈Ӏʼ
ˮ
Archaic or unused letters
А̨Б̀Б̣Б̱В̀Г̀Г̧
Г̄Г̓Г̆Ҕ̀Ҕ̆ԀД̓
Д̀Д̨ԂЕ̇Е̨
Ж̀Ж̑Џ̆
Ꚅ̆З̀З̑ԄԆ
ԪІ̂І̣І̨
Ј̵Ј̃К̓К̀К̆Ӄ̆
К̑К̇К̈К̄ԞК̂
Л̀ԠԈЛ̑Л̇Ԕ
М̀М̃Н̀Н̄Н̧
Н̃ԊԢН̡Ѻ
П̓П̀
П́ҦП̧П̑ҀԚ̆Р́
Р̀Р̃ԖС̀С̈ԌҪ̓
Т̓Т̀ԎТ̑Т̧
Ꚍ̆ОУУ̇
У̨ꙋ́Ф̑Ф̓Х́Х̀Х̆Х̇
Х̧Х̾Х̓һ̱ѠѼ
ѾЦ̀Ц́Ц̓Ꚏ̆
Ч́Ч̀Ч̆Ч̑Ч̓
ԬꚆ̆Ҽ̆Ш̀
Ш̆Ш̑Щ̆Ꚗ̆Ъ̄Ъ̈
Ъ̈̄Ы̂Ы̃Ѣ́Ѣ̈Ѣ̆
Э̨Э̂Ю̂
Я̈Я̂Я̨ԘѤѦѪ
ѨѬѮѰѲѴ
Ѷ

El with hook (Ԓ ԓ; italics: Ԓ ԓ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. Its form is derived from the Cyrillic letter El (Л л) by adding a hook to the bottom of the right leg.

It is used in Chukchi and, in some publications, in Itelmen and Khanty. In all three of these languages, it represents the voiceless alveolar lateral fricative /ɬ/, like the pronunciation of ⟨ll⟩ in the Welsh language.

El with hook was officially added to the Chukchi alphabet in the late 1980s.[1] The letter was first used in a Chukchi language primer that was published in 1996 (Ԓыгъоравэтԓьэн йиԓыйиԓ), replacing the Cyrillic letter El ⟨Л⟩ to reduce confusion with the different pronunciation of the Russian letter of the same form.

El with hook is the nineteenth letter of Itelmen, introduced with the new Cyrillic alphabet during 1984–1988. In some publications, it is substituted by El with descender (Ԯ ԯ).[2]

El with hook has been in use in Khanty since 1990.[3] El with hook and El with descender are considered variants of the same letter in Khanty; their use depends on the particular publisher.

Computing codes

Character information
Preview Ԓ ԓ
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER
EL WITH HOOK
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER
EL WITH HOOK
Encodings decimal hex dec hex
Unicode 1298 U+0512 1299 U+0513
UTF-8 212 146 D4 92 212 147 D4 93
Numeric character reference Ԓ Ԓ ԓ ԓ

Variant forms

Original form of the letter, 1980s, Soviet Schoolbook (Shkolnaya) typeface
Handwritten form
Two variants of the letter (Noto fonts и GNU FreeFont typefaces)
Two variants of the letter (typefaces in Windows)

The letter has two variant forms: the original one where the hook is like a small comma, and the other where the hook is notably protruded below the baseline.

See also

References

  1. ^ Burykin, A. A. (2000). Изучение фонетики языков малочисленных народов Севера России и проблемы развития их письменности [Research in phonetics of the North Russian Indigenous Languages and the Problems of Development of Their Writing Systems] (PDF). Язык и речевая деятельность (Language and Speech Activity) (in Russian). 3. СПб.: 150–180. ISSN 1560-2974.
  2. ^ Историко-этнографическое учебное пособие по ительменскому языку. Краснодар, 2005.
  3. ^ Koshkareva, N. B. (2013). Актуальные вопросы совершенствования хантыйской графики и орфографии [Topical issues of perfection of the Khanty script and orthography] (PDF). Вестник угроведения (in Russian). 3 (14). Обско-угорский институт прикладных исследований и разработок: 60. ISSN 2220-4156.