Elaine Thompson-Herah
Elaine Thompson Herah at the 2019 Pan American Games.jpg
Thompson-Herah at the 2019 Pan American Games
Personal information
Born (1992-06-28) June 28, 1992 (age 30)[1]
Manchester, Jamaica[1]
Height1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)[1]
Weight56 kg (123 lb)[1]
Website@FastElaine
Sport
SportTrack and Field
Event(s)60m, 100m, 200m
College teamUTech
ClubMVP Track Club (2012–2021)
Coached byDerron Herah (2021–present)
Stephen Francis (2012–2021)[2]
Achievements and titles
World finals
  • 2015
  • 200 m,  Silver
  • 4x100 m,  Gold
  • 2017
  • 100 m, 5th
  • 2019
  • 100 m, 4th
  • 2022
  • 100 m,  Bronze
  • 200 m, 7th
  • 4x100 m,  Silver
Olympic finals
Personal best(s)

Elaine Sandra-Lee Thompson-Herah OD (née Thompson; born June 28, 1992)[3] is a Jamaican sprinter who competes in the 60 metres, 100 metres and 200 metres. Regarded as one of the greatest sprinters of all time, she is a five-time Olympic champion, the fastest woman alive over the 100 m, and the third-fastest ever over 200 m.

Thompson-Herah is the first female sprinter in history, and the second sprinter after Usain Bolt, to win the "sprint double" at consecutive Olympics, capturing 100 m and 200 m gold at the 2016 Rio Olympics and again at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics. A six-time Olympic medallist, she rose to prominence at the 2015 World Athletics Championships, winning a silver in the 200 m. At the Rio Olympics, she became the first woman since Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988 to win 100 m and 200 m gold at the Olympics.

After the Rio Olympics, Thompson-Herah was plagued by an Achilles injury, which affected her performance at the 2017 World Athletics Championships and the 2019 World Athletics Championships. However, she returned to the top of athletics at the Tokyo Olympics, retaining her 100 m title in a new Olympic record of 10.61 seconds, and her 200 m title in a new personal best and national record of 21.53 s. After winning a third gold medal in the 4 × 100 m relay, she became the third sprinter after Griffith-Joyner and Bolt to complete an Olympic sprinting triple.

In her first post-Tokyo Olympic race she set another 100 m personal best, Jamaican and Diamond League record of 10.54 s, becoming the first woman to break the 40 km/h barrier, then ran times of 10.64 s and 10.65 s. She was voted by the World Athletics World Female Athlete of the Year. One of the most dominant sprinters in the world, she is the 100 m 2019 Pan American Games champion and a three-time Diamond League winner.

Early life

Thompson is a native of Banana Ground in Manchester Parish, Jamaica.[4] Running for Christiana High School and later Manchester High School, she was a good but not outstanding scholastic sprinter; her best result at the Jamaican ISSA Grace Kennedy Boys and Girls Championships came in 2009, when she placed fourth in the Class Two 100 metres in 12.01 seconds.[5] In 2011, her final year at Manchester High, she was left off the track team for disciplinary reasons.[4][5]

Athletics career

After high school, Thompson was recruited to the University of Technology, Jamaica by Paul Francis, brother of MVP Track Club head coach Stephen Francis. With MVP coaching, her times started improving steadily.[5][6]

In 2013, she clocked a seasonal best of 11.41s at the Gibson Replays and placed second behind Carrie Russell at the Jamaican Intercollegiate Championships. At the Central American and Caribbean Championships in Morelia, she won gold in the 4 × 100 metres relay, running the first leg on the Jamaican team as it won in 43.58s.[4][7][8]

In 2014, Thompson won her first intercollegiate title, placed fifth in 11.26 s at the national championships, and had a seasonal best of 11.17 s.[5][7] She represented Jamaica at the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, running in the 4 × 100 metres relay heats; Jamaica won their heat in 42.44 s, and went on to win gold in the final with Thompson-Herah not in the line-up.[7][9]

2015

Thompson made her international breakthrough in 2015.[10] She repeated as Jamaican intercollegiate champion in March and broke 11 seconds for the first time at the UTech Classic on 11 April, running a world-leading 10.92 s.[5][11] Thompson then ran 10.97 s at the Jamaica International Invitational in Kingston, defeating a field that included Blessing Okagbare and Allyson Felix.[10] At the Pre Classic in Eugene, she was narrowly beaten by English Gardner in the B-race as both were timed in 10.84 s; as of 27 July 2015, this was Thompson's personal best in the 100m and ranked her 30th on the world all-time list.[7][12][13]

She was expected to run the 100 metres at the Jamaican National Championships, which doubled as trials for the 2015 World Championships in Beijing; however, her coach Stephen Francis pulled her from that event and instead had her concentrate on the 200 metres, in which she had set a personal best of 22.37 s in May.[10][14] The move generated controversy in Jamaica; Francis stated that Thompson was not ready to double and that she had been prepared for the 200 m in which her main weakness, the start, would not play as large a role.[15][16] She won the national 200m title in 22.51s, qualifying for the World Championships.[17]

At the London Grand Prix on 25 July, Thompson won a non-scoring Diamond League 200 m race in 22.10 s, defeating Americans Tori Bowie and Candyce McGrone; the time was her new personal best and broke Merlene Ottey's meeting record from 1991.[18][19][20]

At the Beijing World Championships, she won a silver medal, just 0.03 s behind Dafne Schippers of Netherlands. Thompson's time of 21.66 s was faster than the previous championships record but 0.03s slower than Schippers. Fellow Jamaican Veronica Campbell Brown was third in 21.97 s.[21][22]

Thompson (left) at the 2016 Rio Olympics with Gina Lückenkemper and Marie-Josée Ta Lou
Thompson (left) at the 2016 Rio Olympics with Gina Lückenkemper and Marie-Josée Ta Lou

2016

On 1 July, she set a personal best in the 100 m with a time of 10.70 s, winning the event at the Jamaican Championships. She did not advance to the semifinals in the 200 m running only a 23.34 s.[3]

In the 100m final of the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Thompson won the gold medal with a time of 10.71 s, ahead of Tori Bowie (10.83 s), and the 2012 London Olympics winner and countrywoman Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (10.86 s).[23]

In the 200m final, she won her second gold, clocking 21.78 s; Dafne Schippers placed second in 21.88 s and Tori Bowie third in 22.15 s.[24]

She was the first female Jamaican sprinter to win the 100 m and 200 m at one Olympic Games and the seventh overall. She also ran in the national 4 × 100 m relay team which placed second, thus leaving Rio de Janeiro with three medals.

In this season, Thompson took her first Diamond League title (100 m) winning four 100 m races, one 200 m race and also a relay race.

2017–2019

In April, Thompson was in the team which won a gold medal in the 4 × 200 metres relay at the World Relays, setting competition and national record with a time of 1m 29.04s.

She competed in the 100 m at the 2017 London World Championships, placing fifth with at time of 10.98 s.

In 2017, Thompson-Herah became for the second time 100 m Diamond League champion winning six 100 m races, one 200 m race, and also a relay race.

At the 2019 World Championships in Doha, she finished fourth in the 100 m running 10.93 s. Thompson-Herah achieved a time of 22.61 s in the 200 m heats, qualifying for the semifinals, but she did not start due to an Achilles tendon injury.[25]

2020

In 2020, Thompson-Herah ran seven 100m races and achieved times under 11 seconds in five of them, with a season-best of 10.85 s (10.73s with illegal wind). She won two Diamond League meets which were staged as one-off events due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the 200m, her season best was 22.19 s.[3]

2021

In June, at the Jamaican Championships, she placed third in both her disciplines, with times of 10.84 s and 22.02 s respectively, qualifying in the both events for the delayed 2020 Tokyo Olympics. On 6 July, she achieved a time of 10.71 s in the 100 m to defeat Fraser-Pryce and win the Continental Tour's Székesfehérvár Memorial in Hungary with a meet record. It was her fastest time since 2017, and just 0.01 s off her personal best.[26]

At the Tokyo Games, 29-year-old Thompson-Herah placed first in the women's 100 metres final, winning a gold medal as fellow Jamaican athletes Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce and Shericka Jackson received a silver and bronze medals, respectively. Running into an 0.6 m/s headwind, she achieved the joint second-fastest time in history, setting both the Jamaican record and the Olympic record of 10.61 seconds, breaking Florence Griffith Joyner's mark of 10.62 s set at the 1988 Seoul Olympics.[27] Thompson-Herah ran a top speed of 39.7 km/h, the fastest speed ever achieved by a female sprinter. The previous top speed was from Griffith-Joyner who reached 39.1 km/h in 1988.[28] Competing at her longer distance, she first equalled her personal best of 21.66 s in the semifinals. In the final, Thompson-Herah won the gold medal with a new lifetime best of 21.53 seconds, also the second-fastest result in history.[29] In addition, she was a part of 4 x 100 m relay team which won the competition in the third-fastest ever time and a new national record to regain a title last won by Jamaica at the 2004 Athens Games.

In her first post-Olympic race on 21 August, competing in the Prefontaine Classic in Eugene, Thompson-Herah stormed to the 100 m victory with a new career best of 10.54 seconds, the second-fastest time in women's history and only 0.05 s off a world record.[30] She became the first woman to break the 40 km/h barrier.[31] At the Lausanne Athletissima meet, she placed second in the event in 10.64 s, behind Fraser-Pryce who powered to her new lifetime best of 10.60 s, recording, however, the fastest runner-up time in history.[32] She concluded her very successful season with wins, refreshing meet records at both the Meeting de Paris and Weltklasse Zürich Diamond League's final with times of 10.72 s and 10.65 s respectively to take her third Diamond Trophy.[33][34]

As of the end of the season, Thompson-Herah held four records in the all-time top 10 marks women's statistics. She was the first woman to hold more than three marks in the 100 m (four), and the first woman to hold more than two marks in the 200 m (three). She was also the first woman to run more than three legal times under 10.70 seconds (four), and the first woman to achieve more than two legal times under 21.70 seconds (three), respectively.[35][36]

For her history-making season, Thompson-Herah received World Athletics' World Female Athlete of the Year award, was named Best Female Athlete of the Year by the International Sports Press Association (529 journalists from 114 countries), Female Athlete of the Year by the North American, Central American and Caribbean Athletic Association and Athlete of the Year by Track & Field News, among many other accolades.[37][38][39]

Personal life

Thompson is married to former sprinter and coach Derron Herah.[40]

Achievements

Personal bests

Event Time (s) Wind Venue Date Notes
60 metres outdoor 7.02 +1.7 m/s Kingston, Jamaica 28 January 2017
100 metres 10.54 +0.9 m/s Eugene, USA 21 August 2021 NR, 2nd of all time[41]
200 metres 21.53 +0.8 m/s Tokyo, Japan 3 August 2021 3rd of all time[42]
4 × 100 metres relay 41.02 Tokyo, Japan 6 August 2021 NR, 2nd of all time[43]
4 × 200 metres relay 1:29.04 Nassau, Bahamas 22 April 2017 NR
60 metres indoor 6.98 Birmingham, United Kingdom 18 February 2017 [44] 9th of all time

Progression

As of April 2022, Thompson-Herah has achieved 48 finishes under 11 seconds in the 100 metres.[45][46]

International competitions

Thompson (left) at the medal ceremony during the 2015 World Championships in Beijing with Dafne Schippers and Veronica Campbell-Brown
Thompson (left) at the medal ceremony during the 2015 World Championships in Beijing with Dafne Schippers and Veronica Campbell-Brown
Thompson at the Brussels Memorial Van Damme in 2017
Thompson at the Brussels Memorial Van Damme in 2017
Representing  Jamaica
Year Competition Venue Position Event Time Notes
2013 2013 CAC Championships Morelia, Mexico 1st 4 × 100 m 43.58
2014 Commonwealth Games Glasgow, United Kingdom 1st 4 × 100 m 42.44 GR [n 1]
2015 World Championships Beijing, China 2nd 200m 21.66 (+0.2 m/s) PB
1st 4 × 100 m 41.07 WL CR NR
2016 World Indoor Championships Portland, United States 3rd 60m 7.06
Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 1st 100m 10.71 (+0.5 m/s) [n 2]
1st 200m 21.78 (+0.5 m/s) WL [n 2]
2nd 4 × 100 m 41.36 SB
2017 World Relays Nassau, Bahamas 1st 4 × 200 m 1:29.04 CR NR
World Championships London, United Kingdom 5th 100m 10.98 (+0.1 m/s)
2018 World Indoor Championships Birmingham, United Kingdom 4th 60m 7.08
Commonwealth Games Gold Coast, Australia 4th 200m 22.30 (+0.9 m/s) SB
2nd 4 × 100 m 42.52
2019 World Relays Yokohama, Japan 3rd 4 × 200 m 1:33.21
Pan American Games Lima, Peru 1st 100m 11.18 (-0.6 m/s)
World Championships Doha, Qatar 4th 100m 10.93 (+0.1 m/s)
7th (heats) 200m 22.61 (+0.7 m/s) Q [n 3]
2021 Olympic Games Tokyo, Japan 1st 100m 10.61 (-0.6 m/s) WL OR NR [n 4]
1st 200m 21.53 (+0.8 m/s) WL NR [n 5]
1st 4 × 100 m 41.02 NR
2022 World Championships Eugene, OR, United States 3rd 100 m 10.81 (+0.8 m/s)
7th 200 m 22.39 (+0.6 m/s)
2nd 4 x 100 m 41.18 SB
Commonwealth Games Birmingham, United Kingdom 1st 100m 10.95 (+0.4 m/s)
1st 200m 22.02 (+0.6 m/s) GR
3rd 4 x 100m 43.08

Circuit wins and titles

National titles

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Time from the heats; Thompson was replaced in the final
  2. ^ a b Thompson became the first woman to win a gold medal in both the 100 m and 200 m at the same Olympics (Rio 2016) since Florence Griffith Joyner accomplished the feat at the 1988 Seoul Olympics[47]
  3. ^ Qualified for the semifinals, but did not start (Achilles injury)[25]
  4. ^ Tied for 2nd fastest result of all time in women's 100 m, but Griffith-Joyner ran a wind-aided 10.54. Thompson Herah's mark has been labeled by the media as the 'unofficial' world record at that distance.[41]
  5. ^ 2nd fastest result of all time in women's 200m[42]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Athletics | Athlete Profile: Elaine Thompson". gc2018.com. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Queen Elaine ruled in 2021". The Gleaner. 4 January 2022. Retrieved 4 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ a b c "Elaine THOMPSON-HERAH – Athlete Profile". World Athletics. Retrieved 1 January 2020.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ a b c Foster, Laurie (23 June 2015). "Look Out For Elaine Thompson". Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d e Walker, Howard (20 May 2015). "Sensational Elaine Thompson keeps rising and rising". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  6. ^ Fairman, Shayne (24 April 2015). "MVP athletes among world's best - James". The Jamaica Star. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d Elaine Thompson-Herah at Tilastopaja (registration required)
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 January 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2016.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Glasgow 2014 - Elaine Thompson Profile". Commonwealth Games Federation. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  10. ^ a b c Walker, Howard (27 June 2015). "MVP's masterstroke?". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  11. ^ Walker, Howard (12 April 2015). "UTech's Thompson blazes 10.92s for 100m to outshine Bolt, Fraser-Pryce at UTech Classic". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  12. ^ Sully, Kevin (31 May 2015). "Eugene: Barshim soars, sprinters fly". IAAF. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  13. ^ Elaine Thompson Wins Women's 100m | Brussels Diamond league. Retrieved on 2016-09-10.
  14. ^ Walker, Howard (25 June 2015). "Elaine Thompson withdraws from 100m at National Senior Champs". The Jamaica Observer. Archived from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  15. ^ Lowe, Andre (27 June 2015). "National Trials: Francis defends decision to run Thompson in 200m". Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  16. ^ Higgins, Orville (3 July 2015). "Lay off Stephen Francis". Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  17. ^ Lowe, Andre (29 June 2015). "Birthday win for Thompson". Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
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  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 January 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2016.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  23. ^ "The XXXI Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro 2016 – 100 metres women - Final". World Athletics. Retrieved 1 January 2020.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
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  26. ^ Smythe, Steve (12 July 2021). "Elaine Thompson-Herah looks sharp for Tokyo - weekly round-up". Athletics Weekly. Retrieved 17 July 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  27. ^ Bishop, Greg (31 July 2021). "Elaine Thompson-Herah Blazes Into Olympic History". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 31 July 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  28. ^ Women's 100m final 🏃‍♀️ | Tokyo Replays. World Athletics. 9 August 2021. Event occurs at 13:42. Retrieved 15 March 2022 – via YouTube.((cite AV media)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  29. ^ Whittington, Jess (3 August 2021). "Thompson-Herah reigns supreme with second Olympic sprint double". World Athletics. Retrieved 3 August 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
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  31. ^ "Elaine Thompson-Herah made history". Twitter. AW. 31 July 2021. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  32. ^ "Fraser-Pryce clocks 10.60 in win over Thompson-Herah", Jamaica Observer, 26 August 2021 https://www.jamaicaobserver.com/latestnews/Fraser-Pryce_clocks_10.60_in_upset_win_over_Thompson-Herah?profile=1498 Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  33. ^ "Wanda Diamond League | Paris (FRA) | 28th August 2021" (PDF). Diamond League. 28 August 2021. p. 7. Retrieved 9 September 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  34. ^ a b "Wanda Diamond League Final | Letzigrund - Zürich (SUI) | 8th-9th September 2021" (PDF). Diamond League. 9 September 2021. p. 7. Retrieved 9 September 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
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  36. ^ "All-time women's best 200m – 02/02/2022". Wayback Machine. alltime-athletics.com. 2 February 2022. Archived from the original on 2 February 2022. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
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  38. ^ "Thompson-Herah wins AIPS athlete of the year honour". World Athletics. 29 December 2021. Retrieved 29 December 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  39. ^ Cousins, Suzzanne (6 January 2022). "Elaine Thompson Herah - Female Person of the Year 2021". caribbeannationalweekly.com. Caribbean National Weekly. Retrieved 6 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  40. ^ "Head over heels". Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  41. ^ a b "All time Top lists – 100 m Women – Senior Outdoor". World Athletics. Retrieved 21 August 2021. Change filters for other event / age / territorial / time range((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  42. ^ a b "All time Top lists – 200 m Women – Senior Outdoor". World Athletics. Retrieved 3 August 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  43. ^ "All time Top lists – 4 x 100 m Relay Women – Senior Outdoor". World Athletics. Retrieved 6 August 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  44. ^ "Thompson Shines Indoor". The Gleaner. 18 February 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  45. ^ "All-time women's best 100m". alltime-athletics.com. Retrieved 1 January 2022. Inconsistent data across alltime-athletics.com / tilastopaja.eu / World Athletics databases. Added: 10.78 legal mark from 2021-05-02 in Clermont, FL((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
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  47. ^ Pantorno, Joe (17 August 2016). "Olympic Track and Field 2016: Women's 200M Medal Winners, Times and Results". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
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Awards Preceded by Yulimar Rojas World Athletics Female Athlete of the Year 2021 Succeeded byIncumbent Preceded by Naomi Osaka Laureus World Sportswoman of the Year 2022 Succeeded byIncumbent