Eldikan

Эльдикан
Other transcription(s)
 • YakutЭлдьикээн
Location of Eldikan
Eldikan
Eldikan
Location of Eldikan
Eldikan
Eldikan
Eldikan (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 60°47′N 135°09′E / 60.783°N 135.150°E / 60.783; 135.150Coordinates: 60°47′N 135°09′E / 60.783°N 135.150°E / 60.783; 135.150
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic[2]
Administrative districtUst-Maysky District
SettlementSettlement of Eldikan[2]
Founded1941
Urban-type settlement status since1948[2]
Elevation
166 m (545 ft)
Population
 • Total1,515
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
1,074 (−29.1%)
 • Capital ofSettlement of Eldikan[2]
 • Municipal districtUst-Maysky Municipal District[5]
 • Urban settlementEldikan Urban Settlement[5]
 • Capital ofEldikan Urban Settlement[5]
Time zoneUTC+9 (MSK+6 Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
678623
OKTMO ID98654164051
Eldikan population
2010 Census1,515[3]
2002 Census2,199[8]
1989 Census2,963[9]
1979 Census2,974[10]

Eldikan (Russian: Эльдикан; Yakut: Элдьикээн) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Ust-Maysky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the right bank of the Aldan River, 64 kilometers (40 mi) northeast of Ust-Maya, the administrative center of the district. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 1,515.[3]

History

It was established in 1941 as a river port, as a base for the developing gold mining activities on the Yudoma and Allakh-Yun Rivers.[citation needed] Urban-type settlement status was granted to it in 1948,[2] when it became the administrative center of Allakh-Yunsky District.[citation needed] It lost this role again in 1953 with the merger of the district back into Ust-Maysky District.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Eldikan,[1] together with one rural locality (the selo of 8-y km), is incorporated within Ust-Maysky District as the Settlement of Eldikan.[2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Eldikan is incorporated within Ust-Maysky Municipal District as Eldikan Urban Settlement.[5]

Economy and infrastructure

Eldikan serves as an important distribution center for the district's gold mining industry, and as an energy center. Agricultural products produced here include vegetables, pigs, horses, cows, potatoes, cabbage, and fish.[11]

Eldikan is connected via a more than 300-kilometer (190 mi) long road with Yugoryonok on the Yudoma River, with side roads connecting with the various mining settlements in the area. Eldikan itself, however, remains only connected to the outside world by ship on the Aldan River during the ice-free period, or via an ice road along the frozen river in winter. There is also a winter road along the Aldan to Ust-Maya and a further 300 kilometers (190 mi) onwards to Amga, from which an all-weather road connects to Nizhny Bestyakh near the republic's capital of Yakutsk.

A new year-round road is planned which will connect Eldikan with the settlement of Khandyga on the Kolyma Highway. The construction of the first section, to Dzhebariki-Khaya, began in 2009.

A small airport in Eldikan is no longer in regular use.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Eldikan is the administrative center of the Settlement of Eldikan.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z 353-III
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  11. ^ Sergey Zhomir. "About our Eldikane (Basic information)". Our Eldikan. Archived from the original on July 1, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011.

Sources