Town of Melbourne
New South WalesLegislative Council
Melbourne, 1855
StateNew South Wales
Created1843
Abolished1851
NamesakeMelbourne
Electors556 (in 1843)[1]
Coordinates37°49′S 144°58′E / 37.817°S 144.967°E / -37.817; 144.967Coordinates: 37°49′S 144°58′E / 37.817°S 144.967°E / -37.817; 144.967

The Electoral district of Town of Melbourne[2] (later known as Electoral district of City of Melbourne)[3] was an electorate of the New South Wales Legislative Council before it became part of the Colony of Victoria on 1 July 1851.

History

Settlers of the Port Phillip District had wanted representation in the New South Wales Legislative Council for some time. In 1843 a representative for the Town of Melbourne (and five members for the Electoral district of Port Phillip).[2][4] were elected; "But the colonists were not satisfied with government from and by Sydney".[5][1]

On 1 July 1851, the Port Phillip district (which included Melbourne) was separated from New South Wales under provisions of the Australian Colonies Government Act 1850, and became the Colony of Victoria and the Victorian Legislative Council was created.[6]

Members

Town of Melbourne
Member Term Ref
Henry Condell   1 Jun 1843 – 1 Feb 1844 [7]
Joseph Robinson 12 Mar 1844 – 20 Jun 1848 [8]
City of Melbourne
Earl Grey    1 Jul 1848 – 31 Oct 1850 [9]
William Westgarth   1 Nov 1850 – 20 Jun 1851   [10]

Election results

1843

1843 New South Wales colonial election, 17 June:
Town of Melbourne [11]
Candidate Votes %
Henry Condell 295 53.06
Edward Curr 261 46.94
Total votes 556 100.00

1844

Condell resigned in February 1844.[7]

1844 Town of Melbourne by-election
12 March [12]
Candidate Votes %
Joseph Robinson unopposed  

1848

1848 New South Wales colonial election, 26 July:
City of Melbourne [13]
Candidate Votes %
Earl Grey (elected) 295 74
John Foster 102 26
Total votes 397 100
Earl Grey, the Colonial Secretary in London, had never set foot in the colony and there was no suggestion he met the property requirement for election. He was nominated and elected as part of the campaign for independence, protesting against government by New South Wales.[14]

1850

As Earl Grey had never set foot in the colony, he did not attend the Legislative Council and his seat was vacated by his absence on 31 October 1850.[9]

1850 City of Melbourne by-election
7 November [15]
Candidate Votes %
William Westgarth unopposed  

References

  1. ^ a b M.M.H. Thompson. The Seeds of Democracy: Early Elections in Colonial New South Wales. p. 151.
  2. ^ a b "Electoral Act 1843 No 1a" (PDF), (NSW) – via NSW Legislation
  3. ^ Melbourne was declared a city on 25 June 1847. Lewis, Miles (1995). Melbourne: the city's history and development (2nd ed.). Melbourne: City of Melbourne. p. 25. ISBN 0-949624-71-3.
  4. ^ "List of voters". Port Phillip Gazette. 13 May 1843. p. 4. Retrieved 29 October 2021 – via Trove.
  5. ^ "Victoria, Australia". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1911. pp. 42–43.
  6. ^ "Victorian Electoral Act of 1851 No 3a" (PDF), (NSW) – via NSW Legislation
  7. ^ a b "Mr Henry Condell (1797-1871)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  8. ^ "Mr Joseph Phelps Robinson (1815-1848)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  9. ^ a b "The Hon. Henry (Earl Grey) Grey". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  10. ^ "Mr William Westgarth (1815-1889)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  11. ^ "Borough of Melbourne". The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser. 8 July 1843. p. 4. Retrieved 23 May 2019 – via Trove.
  12. ^ "Town election". Port Phillip Gazette. 16 March 1844. p. 4. Retrieved 28 May 2019 – via Trove.
  13. ^ "Election of a representative for the City of Melbourne". Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal. 29 July 1848. p. 2. Retrieved 26 May 2019 – via Trove.
  14. ^ "Contemporary opinions on the late election movements". Geelong Advertiser. 29 July 1848. p. 2. Retrieved 23 May 2019 – via Trove.
    "Apology for Earl Grey's election". The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser. 31 July 1848. p. 2. Retrieved 26 May 2019 – via Trove.
  15. ^ "Melbourne election". The Sydney Morning Herald. 14 November 1850. p. 2. Retrieved 28 May 2019 – via Trove.