Elizabeth Street

Elizabeth St Melbourne 2010.jpg
Elizabeth Street looking south toward Flinders Street station, 2010
Elizabeth Street, Melbourne is located in Melbourne
Elizabeth Street
Elizabeth Street
Coordinates
General information
TypeStreet
Opened1837
Route number(s) State Route 55 (2005-present)
(Parkville-Haymarket roundabout)
Former
route number
  • National Highway 31 (1988–2005)
    (Parkville-Haymarket roundabout)
  • State Route 3 (1965-1989)
    (Parkville-Melbourne)
Major junctions
North end Royal Parade
Parkville, Melbourne
 
South end Flinders Street
Melbourne CBD
Location(s)
Suburb(s)Parkville, Melbourne CBD

Elizabeth Street is one of the main streets in the central business district of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, part of the Hoddle Grid laid out in 1837. It is presumed to have been named in honour of governor Richard Bourke's wife.[1]

The street is famous as a retail shopping precinct, particularly for motorcycles and cameras. It is also connected with key shopping and tourist destinations such as Bourke Street Mall, Melbourne's GPO, Melbourne Central Shopping Centre, Emporium Melbourne and Queen Victoria Market.

Geography

Elizabeth St, looking south from the Queen Victoria Market
Elizabeth St, looking south from the Queen Victoria Market

The street runs roughly north-south in-between Queen Street and Swanston Street. At the southern end the street terminates at Flinders Street station, whilst the northern end terminates at Grattan Street, north of the Haymarket Roundabout.

Haymarket connects Elizabeth Street to Peel Street towards the south-west, Flemington Road to the north-west, Royal Parade to the north and Grattan Street to the East. This complex, high-traffic roundabout is further complicated by trams travelling through it on varying routes.[2] Traffic lights were installed on the roundabout in 2011 to limit the dangerous complexity of the intersection, it having previously functioned as a normal roundabout.[2]

Floods

Elizabeth Street is the lowest point in the Melbourne central business district, with land rising both to the east and west, and more gradually to the north. The street was built on top of a historic natural creek and has suffered numerous floods in Melbourne's history.[3]

Flash flooding south towards the Yarra River occurred in 1882, 1972 and more recently during the 2010 Victorian storms.[3] The Elizabeth Street drain runs from Carlton in the north to the Yarra River in the south, carrying storm water from the inner northern suburbs and city centre.[4] This drain is a significant source of pollutants entering the lower Yarra.[5]

Notable buildings

Melbourne's GPO is located on the corner of Elizabeth & Bourke
Melbourne's GPO is located on the corner of Elizabeth & Bourke

Elizabeth Street is home to many historically important buildings, modern structures and works of art. These various works are listed on both the Victorian Heritage Register and National Trust of Australia.

Victorian Heritage Register

National Trust

Michaels Building corner of Elizabeth & Lonsdale Street
Michaels Building corner of Elizabeth & Lonsdale Street

Motorcycle and Camera Precincts

Elizabeth Street, Melbourne circa 1960
Elizabeth Street, Melbourne circa 1960
Elizabeth St. in 1870[8]
Elizabeth St. in 1870[8]

There are a large number of retail shops on Elizabeth Street, though perhaps most famously the street is home to a number of photography retailers and a considerable number of motorcycle dealers. The street has been the home of motorbike retailing in inner Melbourne since 1903, the longest-existing such area in the world.[9]

Transport

As well as Flinders Street station at the southern end, the western exit of Melbourne Central railway station is located at the intersection of Latrobe and Elizabeth Streets. A number of tram services run along the street, including route 19 trams to Coburg North, route 59 trams to Airport West and route 57 trams to West Maribyrnong.

See also

Australia road sign W5-29.svg
 Australian Roads portal

References

  1. ^ The Royal Historical Society of Victoria: "Melbourne’s streets and lanes: what’s in a name?" Archived 10 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine, brochure published 2004 or later, retrieved 4 April 2013
  2. ^ a b "Trams DownUnder - Message 147857". tdu.to. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Melbourne city grid | Ergo". ergo.slv.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  4. ^ "THE ELIZABETH-STREET DRAIN. - The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) - 22 Jul 1884". Trove. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Melbourne's underground river: Museum Victoria". museumvictoria.com.au. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  6. ^ "VHD". vhd.heritagecouncil.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  7. ^ "VHD". vhd.heritagecouncil.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  8. ^ Tom (31 August 2015). "Melbourne's Elizabeth Street in 1870". Cool Old Photos. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  9. ^ "Melbourne Motorcycle Zone: Elizabeth St (Motorcycle precincts)". Motorcycle Trader - New and Classic Motorcycles. 12 January 2015. Retrieved 21 January 2017.

Media related to Elizabeth Street at Wikimedia Commons