Elmhurst University seal.svg
Former names
Elmhurst Academy (1871–1919)
Elmhurst Junior College (1919–1924)
Elmhurst College (1924–2020)
TypePrivate university
Established1871; 152 years ago (1871)
Religious affiliation
United Church of Christ
Endowment$109.9 million (2020)[1]

41°53′46″N 87°56′46″W / 41.89611°N 87.94611°W / 41.89611; -87.94611Coordinates: 41°53′46″N 87°56′46″W / 41.89611°N 87.94611°W / 41.89611; -87.94611
CampusSuburban, 48 acres (0.19 km2)
Colors    Blue & white
Sporting affiliations
Elmhurst University logo.svg

Elmhurst University is a private university in Elmhurst, Illinois. It has a tradition of service-oriented learning and an affiliation with the United Church of Christ.[2] The university changed its name from Elmhurst College on July 1, 2020.[3]


From proseminary to university

In 1871, Jennie and Thomas Barbour Bryan gave land in Elmhurst to the German Evangelical Synod of the Northwest. This land was given for the purpose of establishing a school to prepare young men for the theological seminary and to train teachers for parochial schools, and was named the Elmhurst Proseminary.[4] The first students, who were all male, studied Latin, Greek, English, German, music, history, geography, mathematics, science, and religion. All classes were taught in German. It wasn't until 1917 that the catalog was published in English. In 1919, the name was changed to the Elmhurst Academy and Junior College,[5][6] and the expanded curriculum included courses in public speaking, physical education, economics, psychology, and the history of education. In 1924, the school was renamed Elmhurst College[7][8] and became a four-year college for men. The college seal was designed in the 1920s by Robert Leonhardt,[9] first registrar of the college, who also served as coach of the football team. Women first enrolled in 1930, and four years later, the college was accredited.[10] The college began its graduate programs in 1998, and in 2012 the School for Professional Studies (SPS) was established[11][12] to offer a wide range of online programs, including undergraduate degrees, graduate degrees and certificate programs.[13] On June 15, 2019, the Elmhurst College Board of Trustees approved a name change to Elmhurst University, which took place July 1, 2020.[14]

The Old Main building at Elmhurst University
The Old Main building at Elmhurst University

The campus is 48 acres (19.4 ha) in Elmhurst, Illinois, a Chicago suburb. It is a certified Level 2 Arboretum[15] and a member of Tree Campus USA,[16] with more than 950 different species from around the globe.[17]

Academic buildings and facilities

Social justice history

In 1943–44, Elmhurst University admitted four new students from California—American citizens of Japanese descent, or Nisei—at a time when more than 110,000 people of Japanese descent had been sent to 10 government "relocation centers" in desolate regions of the American West. Elmhurst was one of a number of colleges and universities that attempted to right the wrong of the relocation camps by opening its doors to Japanese-American students during World War II. (The U.S. government agreed that the Nisei could enroll in participating schools, provided that they passed an FBI background check.)[69] The Student Refugee Committee, a new campus organization, and President Timothy Lehmann paved the way for the students to enroll—over the vocal opposition of a small group of local residents, including members of the American Legion. The Elmhurst Press ran a front-page editorial with the headline, "No Room For Jap Students in this Town". However, support for the Nisei on campus was "practically 100 percent", President Lehmann noted at the time.[70]

In the summer of 1966, the university brought Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. to the podium of Hammerschmidt Memorial Chapel during Dr. King's historic, yearlong effort to racially desegregate city and suburban neighborhoods in the Chicago area.[71] The university later established an annual Martin Luther King Jr. Guestship,[72] which examines issues and ideas related to Dr. King's work.

The university has fourteen Social Action and Service Groups for students to join, among them Habitat for Humanity,[73] Best Buddies,[74] Active Minds,[75] the Global Poverty Club,[76] Relay for Life,[77] Autism Speaks,[78] Students Assisting Animal Shelters,[79] the Greenjays[80] (sustainability club), Alpha Phi Omega and others.

In 2011, the university decided to include an optional question about prospective students’ sexual orientation and gender identity in its admission application in order to better serve all Elmhurst University students.[81]


Elmhurst University offers bachelor's degrees and master's degrees. Approximately 3,350 full-time and part-time students are enrolled in its 26 undergraduate academic departments,[82] 15 certificate programs, and 17 master's programs,[83] including a MBA.[84] There are also 15 preprofessional programs,[85] and accelerated Degree Completion Programs designed primarily for working adults. The college offers 63 majors and allows students the flexibility to create their own.[86] The Elmhurst University Integrated Curriculum (EUIC) requires each student to take several courses from the Areas of Knowledge curriculum and the Skill and Value Development subjects, but there is a wide variety of classes that can be used to fulfill these requirements. The average class has 17 students, although lower class sizes exist primarily in courses tailored to fine arts majors. Traditional general educational classes range between 25 and 35 students per class. The student to faculty ratio is 13 to 1.[87] Its most popular undergraduate majors, based on number out of 736 graduates in 2022, were:[88]

The university has a 4-1-4 academic calendar (four month fall term, optional one month January term (J-term), and four month spring term) as well as two summer school sessions.[89]

The EUabroad program offers students short- and long-term opportunities to study in foreign countries, including bilateral foreign exchange programs with educational institutions around the world.[90][91]

The Elmhurst Learning and Success Academy (ELSA) is a four-year program that offers a full-time, post-secondary educational experience to young adults with developmental disabilities.[92]

Elmhurst Partners provides corporations and organizations with credit and non-credit workforce training and development as well as customized business consulting.[93]

In the U.S. News & World Report's Best Colleges rankings for 2017, Elmhurst was ranked #4 in the Best Value Schools in the Midwest category, up from #9 last year.[94]

Student life


Elmhurst athletic teams are the Bluejays. The university is a member of the Division III level of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA),[95] primarily competing in the College Conference of Illinois and Wisconsin (CCIW) for most of their sports since the 1967–68 academic year; which they were a member on a previous stint from 1946–47 to 1959–60,[96] while in women's bowling, a sport with a single NCAA championship open to members of all three NCAA divisions, the school had been a member of the Division II Mid-America Intercollegiate Athletics Association until after the 2018–19 season, but has since become a charter member of the Central Intercollegiate Bowling Conference (CIBC), a new Division III bowling league.[97] The Bluejays previously competed in the Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (IIAC) from 1925–26 to 1940–41. Their previous nickname was the Pirates.

Elmhurst competes in 20 intercollegiate varsity sports: Men's sports include baseball, basketball, cross country, football,[98] golf, lacrosse, soccer, tennis, track & field and wrestling; while women's sports include basketball, bowling, cross country, golf, lacrosse, soccer, softball, tennis, track & field and volleyball.

Langhorst Field is named in honor of the late Oliver M. Langhorst, multi-sport coach, athletic director and graduate (1930).[99] Elmhurst University competes in only one club sport, men's rugby.[100] The school has won two NCAA national championships, both in women's volleyball in 1983 and 1985.[101]

Student organizations

Elmhurst University has over 100 non-athletic student-run organizations.[102] The university's radio station is WRSE-FM[103][104] and the student newspaper is The Leader.[105] MiddleWestern Voice is the Elmhurst University student-run art, literature, and music journal. Elmhurst Esport's organization offers scholarships for 6 different Esport titles,[106] and has a lively gaming club for all students .The student yearbook is The Elms.[107] Both The Leader and MiddleWestern Voice have online and print editions. WRSE's 320 watt[108] signal reaches most of DuPage County and parts of Cook County and Kane County, Illinois, about one million people.[109] It is also streamed online.

Greek life and honor societies

Elmhurst University is home to six sororities: Alpha Phi, Kappa Kappa Gamma, Phi Mu, Sigma Gamma Rho, Sigma Kappa, and Sigma Lambda Gamma and four fraternities: Alpha Phi Alpha, Alpha Sigma Phi,[110] Alpha Tau Omega,[111] and Lambda Chi Alpha.[112] Elmhurst University also has active chapters of the male music organization Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia and female music organization Sigma Alpha Iota.[113] Fraternities and sororities do not have houses on or off campus. There are also 23 honor and recognition societies across of wide range of majors for those students with superior academic and leadership achievements.[114]

Residence halls

Students who live on campus reside in six residence halls:

Senior students are able to reside in campus apartments which include the Elm Park apartments (with housing for 28)[126] and the Prospect apartments (with housing for 32), though exceptions have been made.[127] There are also fourteen university-owned houses adjacent to campus that house a total of 56 upper-class students.[128]


The hash bell[58] is a large hand bell rung at Elmhurst ceremonies as a reminder of the long history of the institution. This is the bell that kept the school on schedule in its early years, and generations of alumni have recalled fondly the loud clanging that woke students in the morning, assembled them for classes and activities, and then called them from their chores to dinner in the evening. One of the earliest Elmhurst catalogs declares: "Life in the institution is regulated entirely by the stroke of the bell." Why it came to be called "the hash bell" remains a mystery.

The Victory Bell[58] is a large bell located in the corner of Langhorst Field which is rung by every member of the football team after every home victory. The bell was originally located in the Old Main bell tower and moved to Langhorst Field in a new stone tower as a gift from the class of 1964.

A wood stage in the game room (located in the Bluejays' Roost in the lower level of the Frick Center) is where occasional open mic sessions for students are held, including poetry slams, improv comedy,[129] literary readings and musical performances,[130] sometimes impromptu.

The Elmhurst University Jazz Festival, now in its 53rd year and one of the oldest jazz festivals in the nation, has brought hundreds of high school and college jazz bands from throughout the country and dozens of notable judges and performers such as Dizzy Gillespie, Doc Severinsen, Bobby Shew, Dee Dee Bridgewater, the Count Basie Orchestra, Maynard Ferguson, Clark Terry, Cannonball Adderley, Diane Schuur, Marian McPartland, Frank Mantooth and many others to the stage at Hammerschmidt Chapel.[131][132]

Now in its 23rd year, the Elmhurst University Summer Extravaganza is a free jazz concert held in the College Mall on a Saturday in June.[133][134] The Manhattan Transfer, Dee Dee Bridgewater and Doc Severinsen have been among the guest performers with the Elmhurst University Jazz Band.

Student, faculty and staff signatures and dates can be seen inside the clock tower in Old Main, some dating back to the founding years of the university's history. It has remained a rare occasion when students are allowed access, and it is a coveted prize to be able to add your own name.[135]

The university was given the original nativity scene from the movie Home Alone, which is displayed each year during the holiday season.[136]

Notable persons


  1. ^ As of June 30, 2020. U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2020 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY19 to FY20 (Report). National Association of College and University Business Officers and TIAA. February 19, 2021. Retrieved February 20, 2021.
  2. ^ "College and Universities". Retrieved 2015-08-19.
  3. ^ "Elmhurst College Will Become Elmhurst University in 2020". Elmhurst College. Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  4. ^ "A Spartan Beginning At Elmhurst College". Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  5. ^ "Souvenir of the golden jubilee. June 5, 1921". archive.org. Retrieved 2015-08-21.
  6. ^ "Elmhurst College". Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  7. ^ "100 Years of Elmhurst News, page 39" (PDF). Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  8. ^ "Theology Schools: Elmhurst College". www.theology-schools.com. Archived from the original on 2015-11-25. Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  9. ^ "CONTENTdm". digital.la84.org. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  10. ^ "CHEA Database of Institutions Accredited By Recognized U.S. Accrediting Organizations". www.chea.org. Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  11. ^ "Elmhurst College Will Launch School for Professional Studies July 1". 4 April 2012. Retrieved 2015-08-09.
  12. ^ "Suburban leaders learn about Elmhurst College's School for Professional Studies – The Business Ledger". dhbusinessledger.com. Archived from the original on 2015-11-25. Retrieved 2015-08-09.
  13. ^ "Elmhurst College: SPS". Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  14. ^ "As Colleges Close, Elmhurst College Grows And Rebrands As A University". 3 July 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
  15. ^ "Arbnet | Elmhurst College Arboretum". www.arbnet.org. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  16. ^ "Tree Campus USA Schools". www.arborday.org. Retrieved 2015-08-09.
  17. ^ "Elmhurst College: The Elmhurst College Arboretum". Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  18. ^ "Elmhurst College: Learning Center". Archived from the original on 2015-04-27. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  19. ^ "Elmhurst College To Lose President To Retirement". Retrieved 2015-08-10.
  20. ^ "Ruth Frick Obituary". Legacy.com. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  21. ^ "The Rev Dr. Allen C. Blume's Obituary on". Reno Gazette-Journal. Retrieved 2015-09-08.
  22. ^ "Elmhurst College: $1 Million Gift to Elmhurst College". Archived from the original on 2016-08-12. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  23. ^ a b "Elmhurst College: FYI Magazine - Spring 2014 - History Lessons". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  24. ^ "Early Particle Accelerators - Ernest Lawrence and the Cyclotron: AIP History Center Web Exhibit". history.aip.org. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  25. ^ "Elmhurst College: The 'Barbara A. Kieft Accelerator ArtSpace'". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  26. ^ "A.C. Buehler Library – Elmhurst College". librarytechnology.org. Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  27. ^ "LIBRAS – Supporting libraries since 1965". Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  28. ^ "Chicago Tribune - Historical Newspapers". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  29. ^ "John Wolff's Web Museum – The Victor Adding Machine Company". www.johnwolff.id.au. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
  30. ^ "The Elmhurst College Art Collection – Chicago Imagist & Abstract Art". elmhurstcollegeartcollection.com. Retrieved 2015-08-07.
  31. ^ "Paschke back home in Elmhurst collection". Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  32. ^ Quigley, John. "Elmhurst College CPE Mentoring Program Receives Accreditation". elmhurstchamber.org. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-08-15.
  33. ^ "Rev. Rudolf Schade, 92, Elmhurst Professor". Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  34. ^ "Elmhurst College: Honors Program". Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  35. ^ "Elmhurst College: Geography & Geosciences". Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  36. ^ "College to name building after Lee Daniels -- Daily Herald". Archived from the original on 25 June 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  37. ^ "Official blog of The Gretsch Company featuring updates and news from the music industry relating to all things Gretsch. » Elmhurst College". blog.gretsch.com. Archived from the original on 2012-05-14. Retrieved 2015-08-17.
  38. ^ "DR. DANIEL IRION DIES; ELMHURST COLLEGE LEADER (October 27, 1935)". Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  39. ^ "Elmhurst College: Music Department". Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  40. ^ "Donald Buik's Obituary on". ChicagoTribune.com. Retrieved 2015-09-11.
  41. ^ "Betty Buik's Obituary on". ChicagoTribune.com. Retrieved 2015-09-11.
  42. ^ "Elmhurst Choral Union – Inspired singers. Moving music". elmhurstchoralunion.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  43. ^ "Strings at Elmhurst". Retrieved 2016-09-28.
  44. ^ "One of Elmhurst College's Oldest Buildings Turns 100; Come Join the Party Sept. 29". 20 September 2012. Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  45. ^ "Photograph, Elmhurst College; Robert Kross; 1981; M93.22.66 – Elmhurst Historical Museum on eHive". eHive. Retrieved 2015-08-13.
  46. ^ "Reinhold Niebuhr Statue - Elmhurst College, Elmhurst, IL - Statues of Historic Figures on Waymarking.com". www.waymarking.com. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  47. ^ Tribune, Chicago. "November 1970". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2015-08-21.
  48. ^ UGC, Chicago Tribune. "Elmhurst College to Build Simulation Labs in Elmhurst Memorial Hospital". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  49. ^ "Elmhurst College: Simulation Center Officially Opens". Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  50. ^ "AssetDetail". focus.nps.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-09.
  51. ^ "The Council of Independent Colleges: Historic Campus Architecture Project". puka.cs.waikato.ac.nz. Archived from the original on 2015-11-25. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
  52. ^ "Classic photos: Elmhurst College – Chicago Tribune". Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  53. ^ Johnson, Ray. "Haunted Mill Theater and Scene Shop – Elmhurst, Illinois". www.hauntdetective.com. Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  54. ^ Quigley, John. "September 24 News & Notes". www.elmhurstchamber.org. Archived from the original on 2015-11-25. Retrieved 2015-08-24.
  55. ^ submission, Elmhurst College (19 May 2012). "Elmhurst College's Mill Theatre to get upgrade after alumna's gift". Retrieved 2015-08-24.
  56. ^ "Mill Theatre at Elmhurst College upgraded". Retrieved 2015-08-07.
  57. ^ "Elmhurst College: The Mill Theatre". Archived from the original on 2015-09-06. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  58. ^ a b c Cutright, Melitta J. (Aug 23, 1995). "An ever-widening circle : the Elmhurst College years". Elmhurst, Ill. : Elmhurst College Press. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019 – via Internet Archive.
  59. ^ "Alben F Bates And Clara G Bates Foundation in Elmhurst, Illinois (IL)". www.faqs.org. Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  60. ^ UGC, Chicago Tribune. "Governor Quinn Awards $1.8 Million Grant to Elmhurst College". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  61. ^ "Dennis Patterson, Wellspring founder who came from humble beginnings, pledges $2 million to Elmhurst College". Crain's Chicago Business. Nov 16, 2010. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  62. ^ a b c "The First one hundred years". Elmhurst, Ill. : Elmhurst College. Aug 23, 1900. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019 – via Internet Archive.
  63. ^ "College Gym Renamed For Donor". Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  64. ^ "Faganel Builders, LLC – About Us, Why Faganel Builders?". www.faganelhomes.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2015-08-22.
  65. ^ "Elmhurst College Chapel Will Reopen With Musical Fanfare". Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  66. ^ "OHS Database: Instrument Details". database.organsociety.org. Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  67. ^ "Elmhurst Head Hails Ideals of Small Colleges". Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  68. ^ "Lester Brune Tennis Courts". Elmhurst College. Retrieved 2015-09-08.
  69. ^ "National Japanese American Student Relocation Council". Retrieved 2016-09-23.
  70. ^ "Elmhurst College: Prospect Winter 2012 - A Long Way Home - Article". Archived from the original on 2015-08-22. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  71. ^ "NCUR". ncurdb.cur.org. Retrieved 2015-08-20.[permanent dead link]
  72. ^ "Angelou: When life clouds, look for the rainbows". 28 May 2014. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  73. ^ "Habitat for Humanity - Elmhurst College". echabitat.yolasite.com. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  74. ^ "Wix.com BestBuddiesElmhurstCollege created by BESTBUDDIESELMHURST based on my-gallery | Wix.com". Wix.com BestBuddiesElmhurstCollege created by BESTBUDDIESELMHURST based on my-gallery. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  75. ^ "Congratulations 5-Star and 4-Star Chapters! | Active Minds Blog". activemindsblog.org. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  76. ^ "Elmhurst College Student Group Launches Poverty Week". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  77. ^ "Relay For Life | Cancer Walk | Cancer Fundraising Events". main.acsevents.org. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  78. ^ "New EC Organization Sheds Light on Autism Awareness".
  79. ^ "Students Assisting Animal Shelters". Students Assisting Animal Shelters. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  80. ^ "Home – EC Greenjay". Archived from the original on 2013-08-14.
  81. ^ Stainburn, Samantha (2013-07-30). "More College Applications Ask About Sexual Identity". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  82. ^ "Elmhurst College: Departments & Programs". Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  83. ^ "Elmhurst College: Graduate Programs". Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  84. ^ Sky, Blue. "The online MBA: Advantages, disadvantages in growing trend". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  85. ^ "The John Marshall Law School, Elmhurst College Team Up to Offer Joint Programs in Law and Business". Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  86. ^ "Elmhurst College: Majors". Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  87. ^ "Elmhurst College | Academic Life | Best College | US News". US News. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
  88. ^ "Elmhurst University". nced.ed.gov/collegenavigator. U.S. Dept of Education. Retrieved March 3, 2023.
  89. ^ "Elmhurst College: Prospect - In Depth - Midwinter Feast". Archived from the original on 2016-01-06. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  90. ^ "Generation Study Abroad | Commitment Partners | Institutions of Higher Educations". www.iie.org. Archived from the original on 2015-08-31. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  91. ^ "Member Schools | IES Abroad |". Retrieved 2016-09-23.
  92. ^ "ELSA program provides path to college for challenged students". Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  93. ^ "Elmhurst Partners Provides Support to Businesses". Archived from the original on 2015-09-09. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  94. ^ "Elmhurst College – Best Value Schools Regional Universities (Midwest)". Retrieved 2016-09-23.
  95. ^ "Elmhurst College | NCAA.com". www.ncaa.com. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  96. ^ "CCIW". CCIW. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  97. ^ "NCAA Approves Central Intercollegiate Bowling Conference (CIBC)" (Press release). Aurora Spartans. April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  98. ^ "Elmhurst College Football Program Information – Need and Merit Based Scholarships". www.ncsasports.org. Retrieved 2015-08-17.
  99. ^ "Elmhurst College - Hall of Fame". Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  100. ^ "Elmhurst College Rugby Home". elmhurstrugby.com. Retrieved 2015-08-19.
  101. ^ "Bluejay Pride". Elmhurst College Athletics. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  102. ^ "Elmhurst College: Student Activities & Service". Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  103. ^ "Elmhurst College FM Station OK'd by FCC (October 6, 1962)". Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  104. ^ "FM Query Results – Audio Division (FCC) USA". transition.fcc.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-15.
  105. ^ "The Leader @ 190 S Prospect Ave – Elmhurst, IL 60126 – Places to Go in Chicago". www.placestogoinchicago.com. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  106. ^ "Game with the Elmhurst University eSports Team". Elmhurst University. Retrieved 2022-04-27.
  107. ^ "A.C. Buehler Library, Elmhurst College : Free Books : Free Texts : Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". archive.org. Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  108. ^ "WRSE-FM Radio Station Information". radio-locator.com. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  109. ^ "WRSE-FM Radio Station Coverage Map". radio-locator.com. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  110. ^ "Elmhurst College". Retrieved 2015-08-18.
  111. ^ "Alpha Tau Omega: Feature Story Archive » Colony to Chapter: Theta Mu". www.ato.org. Retrieved 2015-08-18.
  112. ^ "Lambda Chi Alpha at Elmhurst College". elmhurst-lambdachi.celect.org. Retrieved 2015-08-18.
  113. ^ "MIT Education Information". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  114. ^ "Elmhurst College: Honor & Recognition Societies". Archived from the original on 2016-06-17. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  115. ^ "Rev. Dr. Dinkmeyer Is Elected President of Elmhurst College (November 7, 1947)". Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  116. ^ "Elmhurst College: Housing options". Archived from the original on 2016-06-08. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  117. ^ "Elmhurst College: Housing Options". Archived from the original on 2016-06-17. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  118. ^ "Elmhurst College Picks 'Man Of Vision' As President". Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  119. ^ "Building to Be Named For Former Elmhurst College President – Elmhurst news, photos and events – TribLocal.com". Archived from the original on 2016-08-06. Retrieved 2015-08-13.
  120. ^ "Elmhurst College: Barbara Lucks Chosen to Lead Board of Trustees". Archived from the original on 2016-08-12. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  121. ^ "Elmhurst College: Housing Options". Archived from the original on 2016-06-20. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  122. ^ "Elmhurst College: Housing Options". Archived from the original on 2016-06-01. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  123. ^ "Dr. Robert Stanger is Named Head of Elmhurst College". Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  124. ^ "Elmhurst College: Housing Options". Archived from the original on 2016-06-20. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  125. ^ "West Hall Residence Hall | Wight & Company". www.wightco.com. Retrieved 2015-08-07.
  126. ^ "Elmhurst College: Housing Options". Archived from the original on 2016-06-14. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  127. ^ "Elmhurst College: Housing Options". Archived from the original on 2016-06-08. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  128. ^ "Elmhurst College: Housing Options". Archived from the original on 2016-06-18. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  129. ^ "Improv Comedy [Elmhurst College Students]". Eventbrite. Retrieved 2015-09-09.
  130. ^ "Experience culture on campus, for free :: The Leader". ecleader.org. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-08-21.
  131. ^ Tribune, Chicago. "Elmhurst College Jazz Festival celebrates a golden anniversary". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  132. ^ "Elmhurst College: Prospect - In Depth - Jazz Fest". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  133. ^ "Jazz on a Perfect Summer Breeze". Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  134. ^ College, Elmhurst (May 14, 2015). "Manhattan Transfer to perform with Elmhurst College Jazz Band". Daily Herald. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  135. ^ "Elmhurst College: Prospect Winter 2012 - Echoes from the Clock Tower - Article". Archived from the original on 2016-08-12. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  136. ^ ACUI. "Confirmation – Small School Tour: Elmhurst College and North Central College". www.acui.org. Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  137. ^ "Rane Arroyo Biography -The Chicago Literary Hall of Fame". Archived from the original on 2016-09-24. Retrieved 2016-09-23.
  138. ^ "History of the Federal Judiciary". www.fjc.gov. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  139. ^ "Doug Beach | Yamaha Artists". www.yamaha.com. Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  140. ^ "National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir: Peter Michael Blau" (PDF). Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  141. ^ "Donald Bloesch | Theopedia". www.theopedia.com. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  142. ^ "About Walter Brueggemann". Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  143. ^ "Lee Daniels & Associates, LLC". www.leedaniels.com. Retrieved 2015-08-07.
  144. ^ "Elmhurst College: Deep Roots". Archived from the original on 2016-08-12. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  145. ^ "About | Cathy N. Davidson". www.cathydavidson.com. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  146. ^ "Anthony DeLuca | Illinois State Representative | 80th District". anthonydeluca.org. Retrieved 2015-08-07.
  147. ^ "Elmhurst College: Elmhurst Alum Climbing the Country Charts". Archived from the original on 2016-06-27. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  148. ^ "Our Campaigns – Candidate – Beverly Fawell". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  149. ^ "Chicago Daily Law Bulletin: Michael R. Galasso" (PDF). Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  150. ^ "Ronald Goetz Biography". Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  151. ^ "Terri Hemmert Bio". Retrieved 2015-08-09.
  152. ^ "Scientists' Nightstand: William Hirstein". Retrieved 2016-09-30.
  153. ^ "William R. Johnson | Profiles | LGBTQ Religious Archives Network". lgbtqreligiousarchives.org. Retrieved 2019-07-04.
  154. ^ "Swede Johnston NFL Football Statistics | Pro-Football-Reference.com". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved 2015-08-13.
  155. ^ "Secretary-General Appoints Jacques Klein as His Special Representativefor Liberia | Meetings Coverage and Press Releases". www.un.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  156. ^ "Ricardo Lamas". UFC. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
  157. ^ "Proviso East chemistry teacher featured in new book about 50 top instructors". www.forestparkreview.com. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  158. ^ Hopkins, W. D.; Washburn, D. A. (2012). "Emil Wolfgang Menzel, Jr. (1929–2012): Chimpanzee Renaissance Man". PLOS Biology. 10 (8): e1001384. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001384. PMC 3429394.
  159. ^ "Kris Myers | Pearl Drums". pearldrum.com. Retrieved Aug 23, 2019.
  160. ^ "Guy Nardulli Interview - Flourish Magazine". Archived from the original on 2016-11-17. Retrieved 2016-11-16.
  161. ^ "H. R. Niebuhr Online Collections". www.centropian.com. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
  162. ^ "Reinhold Niebuhr Facts". biography.yourdictionary.com. Retrieved 2015-08-13.
  163. ^ "Anthony Opal". Retrieved 2016-09-30.
  164. ^ "Jeff Quinn Bio". Retrieved 2016-09-30.[permanent dead link]
  165. ^ "David Rasche Biography (1944–)". Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  166. ^ "Joe Rau". Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  167. ^ "The Chicago Imagists". Hairy Who and the Chicago imagists. Retrieved 2015-08-08.
  168. ^ "Sangmeister, George Edward – Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  169. ^ "Joe D. Seger - Cobb Institute of Archaeology". Retrieved 2016-11-16.
  170. ^ "SRC Holdings". srcholdings.com. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  171. ^ "aagpbl.org: Genevieve Audrey Wagner". Archived from the original on 2015-10-01.
  172. ^ "Kathleen Willis State Representative of Illinois District 77". www.repwillis77.com. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  173. ^ "Broadcasters". Tampa Bay Rays. Retrieved 2015-08-09.