Emilian-Romagnol
Native toItaly, San Marino
RegionPrimarily Emilia-Romagna, Marche, San Marino
Native speakers
Unknown (4.4 million population):
  • Sole or prevalent language of 10.5%
  • Used alongside Italian by 28.3% (2006)[1]
Dialects
Language codes
ISO 639-3(code eml deprecated in 2009)[2]
Individual codes:
egl – Emilian
rgn – Romagnol
Glottologemil1241  Emiliano
roma1328  Romagnol
Linguasphere51-AAA-ok
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Emilian-Romagnol (emiliân-rumagnōl or längua emiglièna-rumagnôla), also known as Emiliano-Romagnolo, is a Gallo-Italic language spoken in the Northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna.[3] The language is divided into two main varieties: Emilian and Romagnol. While the language was first registered under a single code in ISO standard 639-3, in 2009 this code was retired in favour of two distinct codes for the two varieties, due to the cultural and literary split between the two parts of the region, making Emilian and Romagnol distinct ethnolinguistic entities.[4] Emilian and Romagnol (entered separately) are considered definitely endangered languages according to the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger.[5][6]

Description

Chart of Romance languages based on structural and comparative criteria.
Chart of Romance languages based on structural and comparative criteria.

As a Gallo-Italic language, Emilian-Romagnol is most closely related to the Lombard, Piedmontese and Ligurian languages, all of which are spoken in neighboring provinces.

Among other Gallo-Italic languages, Emilian-Romagnol is characterized by systematic raising and diphthongization of latin stressed vowels in open syllables, as well as widespread syncope of unstressed vowels other than /a/ and use of vowel gradation in the formation of plurals and certain verb tenses.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ "La lingua italiana, i dialetti e le lingue straniere Anno 2006" (PDF). istat.it. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  2. ^ "639 Identifier Documentation: eml". SIL International.
  3. ^ a b Loporcaro, Michele (2009). Profilo linguistico dei dialetti italiani. Bari: Laterza. pp. 104–108. ISBN 978-88-420-8920-9. OCLC 318631969.
  4. ^ "eml | ISO 639-3". iso639-3.sil.org. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  5. ^ "UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in danger". www.unesco.org. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  6. ^ "UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in danger". www.unesco.org. Retrieved 2021-08-21.