Emporia, Kansas
Downtown Emporia (2012)
Downtown Emporia (2012)
Official seal of Emporia, Kansas
Location of Emporia within Lyon County and Kansas
Location of Emporia within Lyon County and Kansas
KDOT map of Lyon County (legend)
Coordinates: 38°24′14″N 96°11′34″W / 38.40389°N 96.19278°W / 38.40389; -96.19278[1]
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyLyon
Founded1857
Incorporated1870[2]
Government
 • TypeCommission-Manager
 • MayorDanny Geifer[3]
 • City ManagerTrey Cocking[4]
Area
 • Total12.11 sq mi (31.37 km2)
 • Land12.00 sq mi (31.07 km2)
 • Water0.11 sq mi (0.30 km2)  0.6%
Elevation1,142 ft (348 m)
Population
 • Total24,139
 • Density2,000/sq mi (770/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
66801[8]
Area code620
FIPS code20-21275
GNIS ID485571[1]
Websiteemporiaks.gov

Emporia is a city in and the county seat of Lyon County, Kansas, United States.[1] As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 24,139.[6][7] Emporia lies between Topeka and Wichita at the intersection of highways K-99, U.S. Route 50, Interstates 335 and 35 (Kansas Turnpike). Emporia is also a college town, home to Emporia State University and Flint Hills Technical College. It is home of two annual sporting events: Unbound Gravel (ranked as one of the top gravel bicycle races) and Dynamic Discs Open (disc golf tournaments).

History

Sixth Avenue c. 1912
Aerial image of Emporia, 1944

See also: History of Kansas

Located on upland prairie, Emporia was founded in 1857, drawing its name from ancient Carthage, a place known in history as a prosperous center of commerce.[9]

In 1864 the Union Pacific Railway, Southern Branch (later incorporated into the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad) received land grants to build from Fort Riley to Emporia. The road eventually reached Emporia in 1869, becoming the first railroad to serve the burgeoning town.[10] In July 1870, a second railroad, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway reached Emporia, and in the years following the American Civil War the city became a booming railroad hub.[11] In 1888, railroad executive and educator John Byers Anderson donated his personal library to the College of Emporia to commemorate his 50th wedding anniversary, and his former mentee Andrew Carnegie donated additional funds to build a library in Anderson's honor (conditioned upon the new college paying off its mortgage).[12]

In 1953, Emporia was the site of the first Veterans Day observance in the United States. At the urging of local shoe cobbler Alvin J. King, U.S. Representative Edward Rees introduced legislation in The United States Congress to rename Armistice Day as Veterans Day. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the bill into law on October 8, 1954.[13]

On June 8, 1974, an F4 tornado struck Emporia, killing six people, injuring 200 people, and causing $25 million in damages.[14]

On Sunday, March 6, 1988 a heavily armed gunman walked into the Calvary Baptist Church during services and opened fire. The 29-year-old gunman, Cheunphon Ji, had no particular target, killing one person and injuring four others.[15][16]

Geography

Emporia is located in east-central Kansas. It lies along the Kansas Turnpike at its intersection with Interstate 35 and U.S. Highway 50, 108 miles (174 km) southwest of Kansas City, 58 miles (93 km) southwest of Topeka, and 87 miles (140 km) northeast of Wichita on the eastern edge of the Flint Hills. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.94 square miles (30.92 km2), of which 11.83 square miles (30.64 km2) is land and 0.11 square miles (0.28 km2) is water.[17] The Neosho River flows along the northern side of the city. The Cottonwood River, one of its tributaries, flows along the city's southern edge and of two large city parks, Peter Pan and Soden's Grove; the two rivers meet near the eastern boundary of Emporia and flow southeast to join the Arkansas River in Oklahoma.

Climate

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Emporia has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. The hottest temperature recorded in Emporia was 116 °F (46.7 °C) on July 15, 1934 and August 14, 1936, while the coldest temperature recorded was −24 °F (−31.1 °C) on January 4, 1947.[18]

Climate data for Emporia Municipal Airport, Kansas, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1893–1954, 1979–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
(24)
84
(29)
93
(34)
95
(35)
100
(38)
112
(44)
116
(47)
116
(47)
108
(42)
96
(36)
86
(30)
77
(25)
116
(47)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 63.6
(17.6)
68.6
(20.3)
78.0
(25.6)
85.0
(29.4)
89.3
(31.8)
94.2
(34.6)
99.3
(37.4)
99.4
(37.4)
94.1
(34.5)
86.5
(30.3)
74.6
(23.7)
65.4
(18.6)
100.9
(38.3)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 41.3
(5.2)
46.5
(8.1)
57.4
(14.1)
67.3
(19.6)
75.9
(24.4)
85.0
(29.4)
90.0
(32.2)
89.2
(31.8)
80.8
(27.1)
69.2
(20.7)
55.9
(13.3)
44.3
(6.8)
66.9
(19.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 31.0
(−0.6)
35.4
(1.9)
45.6
(7.6)
55.5
(13.1)
65.1
(18.4)
74.2
(23.4)
79.0
(26.1)
77.5
(25.3)
69.0
(20.6)
57.2
(14.0)
44.6
(7.0)
34.3
(1.3)
55.7
(13.2)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 20.7
(−6.3)
24.2
(−4.3)
33.7
(0.9)
43.6
(6.4)
54.2
(12.3)
63.5
(17.5)
68.0
(20.0)
65.8
(18.8)
57.2
(14.0)
45.2
(7.3)
33.3
(0.7)
24.2
(−4.3)
44.5
(6.9)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 2.3
(−16.5)
7.2
(−13.8)
15.3
(−9.3)
28.0
(−2.2)
40.6
(4.8)
52.8
(11.6)
59.1
(15.1)
56.9
(13.8)
43.0
(6.1)
30.0
(−1.1)
17.4
(−8.1)
8.3
(−13.2)
−1.1
(−18.4)
Record low °F (°C) −24
(−31)
−23
(−31)
−7
(−22)
8
(−13)
25
(−4)
41
(5)
46
(8)
44
(7)
29
(−2)
15
(−9)
−1
(−18)
−22
(−30)
−24
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.78
(20)
1.31
(33)
2.12
(54)
3.84
(98)
5.01
(127)
4.53
(115)
3.90
(99)
3.86
(98)
3.25
(83)
3.06
(78)
1.85
(47)
1.30
(33)
34.81
(885)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.8 6.0 8.5 10.1 13.1 10.7 9.3 9.4 8.7 8.7 5.9 5.3 100.5
Source 1: NOAA[19]
Source 2: National Weather Service[18]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1860843
18702,168157.2%
18804,631113.6%
18907,55163.1%
19008,2238.9%
19109,05810.2%
192011,27324.5%
193014,06724.8%
194013,188−6.2%
195015,66918.8%
196018,19016.1%
197023,32728.2%
198025,2878.4%
199025,5120.9%
200026,7604.9%
201024,916−6.9%
202024,139−3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
2010-2020[7]

Emporia is the principal city of the Emporia Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Lyon and Chase counties.

2020 census

The 2020 United States census counted 24,139 people, 9,876 households, and 5,468 families in Emporia.[20][21] The population density was 1,989.7 per square mile (768.2/km2). There were 11,232 housing units at an average density of 925.8 per square mile (357.5/km2).[21][22] The racial makeup was 67.91% (16,392) white or European American (61.96% non-Hispanic white), 2.61% (630) black or African-American, 0.94% (226) Native American or Alaska Native, 2.26% (546) Asian, 0.07% (16) Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian, 15.01% (3,624) from other races, and 11.21% (2,705) from two or more races.[23] Hispanic or Latino of any race was 28.29% (6,828) of the population.[24]

Of the 9,876 households, 28.1% had children under the age of 18; 38.2% were married couples living together; 30.1% had a female householder with no spouse or partner present. 34.6% of households consisted of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.[21] The average household size was 2.3 and the average family size was 3.1.[25] The percent of those with a bachelor’s degree or higher was estimated to be 17.3% of the population.[26]

22.1% of the population was under the age of 18, 17.8% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.5 males.[21] For every 100 females ages 18 and older, there were 109.1 males.[21]

The 2016-2020 5-year American Community Survey estimates show that the median household income was $43,481 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,474) and the median family income was $65,264 (+/- $3,358).[27] Males had a median income of $30,077 (+/- $2,136) versus $16,980 (+/- $1,362) for females. The median income for those above 16 years old was $22,911 (+/- $2,542).[28] Approximately, 8.3% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under the age of 18 and 6.1% of those ages 65 or over.[29][30]

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 24,916 people, 9,812 households, and 5,571 families residing in the city.[31] The population density was 2,491.6 inhabitants per square mile (962.0/km2). There were 11,352 housing units at an average density of 1,135.2 per square mile (438.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84% White, 3.2% African American, 3.1% Asian, 0.8% American Indian, 10.5% from some other race, and 3.1% from two or more races. 14.4% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.[31]

There were 9,812 households, of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.2% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39, and the average family size was 3.08.[31]

In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.5% under the age of 18, 19.7% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males age 18 and over.[31]

The median income for a household in the city was $34,443, and the median income for a family was $47,500. Males had a median income of $32,873 versus $25,821 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,485. About 12.0% of families and 22.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.9% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.[31]

Economy

In addition to Emporia State University and other large public-sector employers such as the city and county governments, the public schools, and the county hospital, Emporia has several large private-sector employers.[32] Previously, a Tyson Foods beef-packing plant employed more than 2,400 workers.[32] Hostess Brands has a bakery in Emporia. Hopkins Manufacturing Corporation, founded in Emporia in 1953, by E.L. "Bud" Hopkins, and recognized in 2003 as the city's Large Employer of the Year,[33] makes products for the automotive aftermarket. The Braum dairy store chain, based in Oklahoma City, originated in Emporia in 1952 under the name Peter Pan.[34] Simmons Pet Food operates a multi-acre plant in Emporia that manufactures wet dog food.[35]

On January 25, 2008, Tyson unexpectedly announced the layoff of 1,500 workers (more than 60 percent) by March 25, 2008.[36] The company said it needed to move its slaughter operations closer to where the cattle are raised in western Kansas.[37] As the city's largest employer for 37 years, the Tyson plant creates almost 10 percent of the local economy.[38]

Education

Colleges and Universities

Emporia is home to Emporia State University and Flint Hills Technical College. From 1882 to 1974, the private College of Emporia previously existed, and since the city had two colleges during its early years, it was sometimes called the "Athens of Kansas."

Primary and secondary

The community is served by Emporia USD 253 public school district, which has one high school (Emporia High School), one middle school, and six elementary schools, as well as an early childhood center.

The community is also served by two private schools: Emporia Christian School (preschool-8th grade) and Sacred Heart Catholic School (preschool-5th grade).

Library

The Emporia Public Library, has been in operation since 1869 and is the oldest in the state of Kansas to remain in operation.[39]

Transportation

Plumb Administration Building & Albert Taylor Hall at Emporia State University (2012)
Lyon County courthouse (2009)

Air

The city is served by the Emporia Municipal Airport.

Bus

Bus service within the city is provided by LCAT, or Lyon County Area Transportation. The agency provides demand and deviated fixed-route bus services within the city of Emporia. Lyon County. The buses are a service of Lyon County, with significant support coming from the Kansas Department of Transportation.[40]

Highway

Emporia is served by the following highways: I-35, I-335, Kansas Turnpike, US-50, K-99.

Train

The former Southern Transcon main line of BNSF Railway (ex-Santa Fe) passes east-west through Emporia. A yard is located in Emporia.

The city was served by Santa Fe passenger trains until the creation of Amtrak in 1971. The daily Southwest Chief served the city from 1971–1997. Service to Emporia station was eliminated in 1997, two years before a fire destroyed the 1884-built station. In 2014, local efforts were started to bring back the station. As of 2018, the future of revitalized service and a new station is still uncertain.[41]

Media

Main article: Media in Emporia, Kansas

The Emporia Gazette is the city's main newspaper, published six days a week.[42] The Gazette also publishes a Spanish language monthly paper, La Voz.[43] Emporia State University publishes a bi-weekly student newspaper, the Emporia State University Bulletin.[44]

Emporia is a center of broadcast media for east-central Kansas.[45] One AM radio station and ten FM radio stations are licensed to and/or broadcast from the city.[45] Emporia is in the Topeka, Kansas television market, and one television station, a translator of the Fox affiliate in Topeka, broadcasts from the city.[46][47]

Culture

William Allen White House (2009)
Waiting for Dirty Kanza (now known as Unbound Gravel) bike race to start at sunrise in Emporia

Points of interest

Emporia has 14 structures on the National Register of Historic Places. They are the Old Emporia Public Library, the Finney (Warren Wesley) House, the Granada Theater (also known as the Fox Theater), the Harris-Borman House, the Howe (Richard) House, the Keebler-Stone House, the Kress Building, the Mason (Walt) House, the Anderson Carnegie Memorial Library, the Plumb (Mrs. Preston B.) House, the Soden's Grove Bridge, the Soden (Hallie B.) House, the William Allen White House (also known as Red Rocks), and the Col. Harrison C. and Susan Cross House.[48] There is also an authentic one-room school house located on the Emporia State University campus (near Merchant Street) that is available for tours through the ESU Teachers College and The National Teachers Hall of Fame.

At the Emporia service area of the Kansas Turnpike is a Kansas Historical Marker named Emporia - Home of William Allen White.[49]

Events

In popular culture

The 1987 CBS miniseries Murder Ordained was filmed in Emporia.[citation needed] It dramatized an actual event in Emporia involving the 1983 death of Sandra Bird.

Notable people

Main article: List of people from Emporia, Kansas

See also: List of people from Lyon County, Kansas; List of Emporia State University people; and List of Flint Hills Technical College people

Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Emporia include actor R. Lee Ermey,[54] journalist William Allen White,[55] and college basketball coach Dean Smith.[56]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Emporia, Kansas
  2. ^ a b "City of Emporia". The League of Kansas Municipalities. May 26, 2019.
  3. ^ "Emporia City Commission". Retrieved April 7, 2023.
  4. ^ "City Manager's Office Directory". Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  5. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Profile of Emporia, Kansas in 2020". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 3, 2022. Retrieved May 3, 2022.
  7. ^ a b c "QuickFacts; Emporia, Kansas; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 24, 2021. Retrieved August 23, 2021.
  8. ^ United States Postal Service (2012). "USPS - Look Up a ZIP Code". Retrieved February 15, 2012.
  9. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1939). Kansas: A Guide to the Sunflower State. Works Progress Administration. p. 186. ISBN 9780403021673.
  10. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1939). Kansas: A Guide to the Sunflower State. Works Progress Administration. p. 187. ISBN 9780403021673.
  11. ^ "Railroads in Kansas". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  12. ^ Karen Kilcup (ed) A Cherokee Woman's America: the memoirs of Narcissa Owen 1831-1907 (University of Florida Press 2005) pp. 139-141 citing St. Louis Republic (February 17, 1901)
  13. ^ "Declaring Emporia, Kansas, to Be the Founding City of the Veterans Day Holiday -- (Senate -- October 31, 2003)". Library of Congress. Archived from the original on September 7, 2014. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
  14. ^ "1974 Emporia Tornado". National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office, Topeka, Kansas. Retrieved August 19, 2007.
  15. ^ "Gunman Kills Man in Church". New York Times. March 7, 1988.
  16. ^ "It did happen here". The Emporia Gazette. April 19, 2007. Archived from the original on April 9, 2013. Retrieved March 25, 2013.
  17. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  18. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather Data – NWS Topeka". National Weather Service. Retrieved November 26, 2023.
  19. ^ "U.S. Climate Normals Quick Access – Station: Emporia MUNI AP, KS". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 26, 2023.
  20. ^ "US Census Bureau, Table P16: HOUSEHOLD TYPE". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 2, 2024.
  21. ^ a b c d e "US Census Bureau, Table DP1: PROFILE OF GENERAL POPULATION AND HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 2, 2024.
  22. ^ "Gazetteer Files". Census.gov. Retrieved December 30, 2023.
  23. ^ "US Census Bureau, Table P1: RACE". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 2, 2024.
  24. ^ "US Census Bureau, Table P2: HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 2, 2024.
  25. ^ "US Census Bureau, Table S1101: HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 2, 2024.
  26. ^ "US Census Bureau, Table S1501: EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 2, 2024.
  27. ^ "US Census Bureau, Table S1903: MEDIAN INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2020 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 2, 2024.
  28. ^ "US Census Bureau, Table S2001: EARNINGS IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2020 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 2, 2024.
  29. ^ "US Census Bureau, Table S1701: POVERTY STATUS IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 2, 2024.
  30. ^ "US Census Bureau, Table S1702: POVERTY STATUS IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS OF FAMILIES". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 2, 2024.
  31. ^ a b c d e "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 27, 2011.[dead link]
  32. ^ a b "Private Sector Employees". Regional Development Association of East Central Kansas. Archived from the original on June 29, 2007. Retrieved August 20, 2007.
  33. ^ "Emporia's 2003 Employer of the Year". Hopkins Manufacturing Corporation. Retrieved August 26, 2007.
  34. ^ "Our History". Braum's Online, LLC. Archived from the original on September 2, 2007. Retrieved August 26, 2007.
  35. ^ "Facilities". Menu Foods Income Fund. Archived from the original on August 19, 2007. Retrieved August 26, 2007.
  36. ^ "Tyson will eliminate slaughter in Emporia". Emporia Gazette. January 25, 2008. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved January 26, 2008.
  37. ^ "Tyson Plant in Emporia Ceasing Operations". WIBW-TV. January 25, 2008. Archived from the original on January 27, 2008. Retrieved January 26, 2008.
  38. ^ "Emporia Leaders Say They'll Make Do". KAKE-TV. January 26, 2008. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved January 26, 2008.
  39. ^ "About EPL". www.emporialibrary.org. Archived from the original on November 15, 2019.
  40. ^ "Greyhound Lines - Bus stops in Kansas". Archived from the original on August 28, 2010. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
  41. ^ Redeker, Mary Ann (May 12, 2017). "Future uncertain for Amtrak in Emporia". The Emporia Gazette. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
  42. ^ "Emporia Gazette". Mondo Times. Retrieved November 9, 2011.
  43. ^ "Record Details - La Voz". Kansas Press Association. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
  44. ^ "Emporia State University Bulletin". Mondo Times. Retrieved November 9, 2011.
  45. ^ a b "Radio Stations in Emporia, Kansas". Radio-Locator. Retrieved November 9, 2011.
  46. ^ "Topeka, Kansas (TV market map)". EchoStar Knowledge Base. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved November 9, 2011.
  47. ^ "KTMJ TV 43". Mondo Times. Retrieved November 9, 2011.
  48. ^ "National Register of Historic Places: Kansas, Lyon County". National Register of Historic Places.com. Retrieved November 14, 2009.
  49. ^ "Kansas Historical Markers - Kansas Historical Society". www.kshs.org. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  50. ^ "UNBOUN Gravel". UNBOUND Gravel. Retrieved June 10, 2021.
  51. ^ "Home - Glass Blown Open". Glass Blown Open. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  52. ^ "The Taste - Emporia Main Street". Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  53. ^ "2018 Great American Market - Emporia Main Street". Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  54. ^ "R. Lee Ermey". IMDb. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  55. ^ "William Allen White". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  56. ^ "Dean E. Smith". Basketball Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on August 31, 2009. Retrieved December 31, 2015.

Further reading