Enclave of Police
1945–1946
StatusMilitary ocupation of the Soviet Union
CapitalKrakow am See (exteritorially)
Common languagesRussian, German
Starost 
• 1945–1946
Erich Spiegel
Historical eraCold War
• Established
1945
• Disestablished
1946
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Randow District
Poland
Today part of Poland

Enclave of Police[a] was an area under the administration of the Red Army of the Soviet Union, within the District of the Western Pomerania, Republic of Poland. It existed from 5 October 1945 to 25 September 1946, and was centred around the town of Police and surrounding area. It was independent from the Polish administration, however remained within its territory.[1][2] It was administrated exteritorially from Hohenholz, Krakow am See located in Mecklenburg state within the Soviet occupation zone of Germany.[3]

History

It was established on 5 October 1945 from the part of Randow District, by the Red Army, as an area independent of the administration of the Republic of Poland, however remaining within its territory.[1][2] The enclave was administrated from the Mecklenburg state within the Soviet occupation zone of Germany.[3] It was formed to secure and relocate to the Soviet Union, the remaining machines and resources of Hydrierwerke Pölitz AG factory that produced coal liquefaction. Within its area worked over 20 thousand workers and prisoners of war from Germany. The Polish settlers weren't allowed to settle in the enclave.[1][2]

The Enclave of Police was divided into 2 zones: Zone A and Zone B. The Zone A stretched from the south of Police to Stołczyn, and existed to 19 July 1946. Zone B, stretched from to the north of Police to Trzebież and existed to 25 September 1946. At its biggest territorial size, it counted around 90 km2 (34.75 square miles).[1]

Erich Spiegel was Starost of the Enclave of Police.[3]

The enclave was abolished on 25 September 1946, with its territories being given back under Polish administration.[2]

Citations

Notes

  1. ^ Polish: Enklawa Policka

References

  1. ^ a b c d Encyklopedia Szczecina. vol. 1, A-O. Szczecin: University of Szczecin, 1999, p. 229, 307. ISBN 83-87341-45-2.
  2. ^ a b c d Jan Matura: Historia Polic od czasów najstarszego osadnictwa do II wojny światowej. vol. 2. Police: Urząd Gminy w Policach, 2002, p. 153–154. ISBN 83-914853-5-8.
  3. ^ a b c Willi Neuhoff: Erich Spiegel – 1945 erster Nachkriegsbürgermeister in Stettin. In: Stettiner Bürgerbrief. no. 24, 1998, ISSN 1619-6201, p. 60–63.