Encyclopedia Astronautica
Main page
Type of site
Available inEnglish
Created byMark Wade

The Encyclopedia Astronautica is a reference web site on space travel. The encyclopedia includes 79,433 articles with 13,741 illustrations, a comprehensive catalog of missiles, spacecraft, space technology, astronauts, and spaceflight from most countries that have had an active rocket research program. It provides biographies of important pioneers of spaceflight such as Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Hermann Oberth Robert Goddard. It outlines various concepts of space stations including the NASA Space Shuttle and the Soviet Buran programme.


In addition, the encyclopedia contains many comprehensive review articles on specific space topics, among them:

Since 2019, the site is no longer updated or maintained.[6] Although it contains a great deal of information, not all of it is correct.[7]


Founded in 1994 and maintained for most of its existence by space enthusiast and author Mark Wade.[8][9] He has been collecting such information for most of his life. Between 1996 and 2000 the site was hosted by Friends and Partners in Space.[9]

Reception and accolades

The American Astronautical Society gave the site the Ordway Award for Sustained Excellence in Spaceflight History which "recognizes exceptional, sustained efforts to inform and educate on spaceflight and its history through one or more media" in 2015, the award's initial year.[9] The award is named for U.S. space engineer and author Frederick I. Ordway III (1927–2014).

Telepolis journalist Marcus Hammerschmitt warmly recommended the Encyclopedia Astronautic to anyone interested in space flight, and speculated that its articles might become valued material for future researcher of cultural history.[10]

In 2006, the American space historian Stephen B. Johnson stated that Encyplopedia Astronautica "has become a popular Internet source for space history. Unfortunately, while it contains a great deal of information, not all of it is correct. Space historians have noticed a variety of factual problems, and unfortunately these problems have not been consistently repaired. Since this is not a peer-reviewed source and historical errors have not always been fixed, this cannot be considered a reliable source, despite its impressive appearance. Many other online sources have the same problem."[7]

See also


  1. ^ "Germany". Retrieved 2023-08-31.
  2. ^ "Russia - Early Ballistic Missiles". Retrieved 2023-08-31.
  3. ^ "Russia: The Real Moon Landing Hoax". Retrieved 2023-08-31.
  4. ^ "Russia: Russia: What did the CIA know and when did they know it?". Retrieved 2023-08-31.
  5. ^ On the start page one can select Today in Space History and access all events on the current day, e.g., via http://www.astronautix.com/a/august31.html for August 31. Accordingly, the link is editable to access other calendar days, e.g., http://www.astronautix.com/o/october03.html for October 3
  6. ^ Wade, Mark (2019). "Contact Encyplopedia Astronautica". Retrieved 2023-08-28.
  7. ^ a b Dick, Steven (2006). Critical Issues in the History of Spaceflight. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. p. 485. ISBN 9780160831539. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
  8. ^ David J. Shayler (2001). Gemini - Steps to the Moon. Springer Science+Business Media. p. 386. ISBN 978-1-85233-405-5.
  9. ^ a b c "Ordway Award for Sustained Excellence in Spaceflight History". American Astronautical Society. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
  10. ^ Hammerschmitt, Marcus (August 29, 2002). "Recycling der Bilder" [The recycling of the images]. Telepolis (in German). Retrieved October 6, 2021.