Encyclopedia of Associations
CountryUnited States

The Encyclopedia of Associations (EA) is a comprehensive directory of more than 20,000 associations, societies, and other non-profit membership organizations in the United States of America.[1]

Originally titled the Encyclopedia of American Associations, EA was created by Frederick Gale Ruffner, Jr. in 1954 while he was working as a market researcher in Detroit, Michigan.[2]

More than 140 scholarly articles have made use of EA.[3]

Past extracts from EA have included "Organized Obsessions" [4] and the "Gale Encyclopedia of Business and Professional Associations".[5]

A detailed history of EA is available in an article in Distinguished Classics of Reference Publishing[6][7]

See also


  1. ^ "Encyclopedia of Associations" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-11-27. Retrieved 2014-10-03.
  2. ^ Enis, Matt (August 21, 2014). "Gale Founder Frederick Ruffner Dies at 88". Library Journal. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
  3. ^ "An Annotated Bibliography of Articles Using the Encyclopedia of Associations" - Retrieved October 3, 2014.
  4. ^ - Library of Congress LCCN Permalink for 92219621
  5. ^ - Library of Congress LCCN Permalink for 95649648
  6. ^ - Tobin, Carol M. "The Book that Built Gale Research: The Encyclopedia of Associations." Distinguished Classics of Reference Publishing
  7. ^ - Library of Congress LCCN Permalink for 91033629