Energy in the Czech Republic describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in the Czech Republic.

Overview

Energy in Czech Republic[1]
Capita Prim. energy Production Export Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 10.2 530 398 136 63.5 118.8
2007 10.3 532 392 134 67.1 122.1
2008 10.4 519 382 144 67.4 116.8
2009 10.5 488 363 132 64.1 109.8
2012 10.5 505 373 140 66.0 112.7
2012R 10.5 496 380 126 66.3 107.8
2013 10.5 488 351 137 66.1 101.1
Change 2004-09 2.9  % -7.8 % -8.9 % -2.8 % 0.9 % -7.5 %
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh, Prim. energy includes energy losses that are 2/3 for nuclear power[2]

2012R = CO2 calculation criteria changed, numbers updated


Primary energy consumption per million people in 2008 was 50 TWh compared to other countries (TWh): Canada 93 (3103 TWh 33.3), USA 87 (26,560 TWh 304.5), UK 40 (2,424 TWh 61.4), Greece 31 TWh (354 TWh 11.24) and Poland 30 (1138 TWh 38.12).

Fossil fuels

A coal mine in the Czech Republic, taken in 2006 from the International Space Station
A coal mine in the Czech Republic, taken in 2006 from the International Space Station

Coal

See also: Coal § World coal reserves, and List of countries by coal production

OKD is a major mining company in the Czech Republic.

The country aims to phase out coal power by 2038 or earlier.[3]

Oil and gas

Oil and gas deposits in the Czech Republic are in Moravia. Gas pipelines include Gazela Pipeline and Druzhba pipeline from Russia to points in Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Czech Republic, and Germany.

Electrical energy

Main article: Electricity sector in the Czech Republic

According to IEA the electricity use (gross production + imports – exports – transmission/distribution losses) in the Czech Republic in 2008 was 67 TWh.

Nuclear power

Main article: Nuclear power in the Czech Republic

Temelín Nuclear Power Station
Temelín Nuclear Power Station

There are two nuclear power plants in the Czech Republic

Renewable energy

Main article: Renewable energy in the Czech Republic

See also: Renewable energy in the European Union

In 2010 there was photovoltaics (PV) solar power 1,953 MW - fourth top in the EU.

In 2010 there was 471 MW solar heating - 10th top in the EU.

In 2010 there was 215 MW wind power - 18th top in the EU.

Further information: Wind power in the European Union

EU and the Czech Republic Wind Energy Capacity (MW)[4][5][6][7]
No Country 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998
- EU-27 105,696 93,957 84,074 74,767 64,712 56,517 48,069 40,511 34,383 28,599 23,159 17,315 12,887 9,678 6,453
20 Czech Republic 260 217 215 192 150 116 54 28 17 9 3 0 0 0 0

Environment

See also: Category:Climate change by country

In 2014, the emissions of carbon dioxide were 10.4 tons per capita. The EU average was 7.9 tons per capita. Czech Republic's emissions were comparable to those of Japan or the Netherlands.[8]

Business

According to Forbes list of billionaires (2011) Czech billionaire Zdenek Bakala ($2 B 2011) has made his wealth in coal business.[9] Forbes ranked Zdenek Bakala (Net Worth$1.5 B) as richest Czech in energy business (coal) in 2013.[10]

Bakala is the biggest player on the coal market in Central Europe. He has consolidated Polish mining markets into his company New World Resources.[11]

References

  1. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2015 Archived 2016-03-13 at WebCite, 2014 (2012R as in November 2015 Archived 2015-05-05 at WebCite + 2012 as in March 2014 is comparable to previous years statistical calculation criteria, 2013 Archived 2014-09-02 at the Wayback Machine, 2012 Archived 2013-03-09 at the Wayback Machine, 2011 Archived 2011-10-27 at the Wayback Machine, 2010 Archived 2010-10-11 at the Wayback Machine, 2009 Archived 2013-10-07 at the Wayback Machine, 2006 Archived 2009-10-12 at the Wayback Machine IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  2. ^ Energy in Sweden 2010 Archived October 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Facts and figures. The Swedish Energy Agency. Table 8 Losses in nuclear power stations Table 9 Nuclear power brutto
  3. ^ "Remaining EU Coal Power Polluters". Ember. Retrieved 2021-12-20.
  4. ^ EWEA Staff (2010). "Cumulative installed capacity per EU Member State 1998 - 2009 (MW)". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
  5. ^ EWEA Staff (February 2011). "EWEA Annual Statistics 2010" (PDF). European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2011-01-31.
  6. ^ EWEA Staff (February 2012). "EWEA Annual Statistics 2011" (PDF). European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2011-02-18.
  7. ^ Wind in power: 2012 European statistics February 2013
  8. ^ "CO2 time series 1990-2014 per capita for world countries". Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. Retrieved 2015-11-30.
  9. ^ Forbes list of billionaires (2011) Forbes list of billionaires (2011) Energy Forbes March 10, 2011
  10. ^ Billionaires Czech Energy 2013
  11. ^ Profile Bakala Forbes March 2011