Enfield Chase National Rail
Enfield Chase is located in Greater London
Enfield Chase
Enfield Chase
Location of Enfield Chase in Greater London
LocationEnfield Town
Local authorityLondon Borough of Enfield
Managed byGreat Northern
Station code(s)ENC
DfT categoryD
Number of platforms2
Fare zone5
National Rail annual entry and exit
2018–19Decrease 1.553 million[1]
– interchange Increase 14,424[1]
2019–20Decrease 1.447 million[1]
– interchange Decrease 11,390[1]
2020–21Decrease 0.352 million[1]
– interchange Decrease 1,970[1]
2021–22Increase 0.710 million[1]
– interchange Increase 4,573[1]
2022–23Increase 0.997 million[1]
– interchange Decrease 2,673[1]
Key dates
4 April 1910Opened
Other information
External links
Coordinates51°39′10″N 0°05′27″W / 51.6529°N 0.0908°W / 51.6529; -0.0908
London transport portal

Enfield Chase railway station is located in Windmill Hill, Enfield, in the London Borough of Enfield, north London, 9 miles 9 chains (9.11 miles, 14.67 km) from London King's Cross[2] on the Hertford Loop Line. It is in Travelcard Zone 5.

History

The original terminus

The original Great Northern Railway terminus station at Windmill Hill, Enfield, in 1898 (Enfield Local Studies Library and Archive)
The original Great Northern Railway terminus station at Windmill Hill, Enfield, in 1898 (Enfield Local Studies Library and Archive)

The original Enfield Station in Windmill Hill opened on 1 April 1871 as the terminus for the Great Northern Railway branch line from Alexandra Palace. By 1887, 37 trains a day left Enfield, mainly for King's Cross, but also to Broad Street and until 1907, to Woolwich and Victoria.[3] The station building was a two-storey twin-gabled house, similar in style to the single-storey building at Palmers Green. It was sited lengthways across the end of the track. The single island platform was covered by a wide canopy for much of its length. Enfield Station had been intended to bring prosperous middle-class commuters to the area. A journalist visiting the station in 1885, saw a sign advertising cheap workmen's tickets for trains scheduled to arrive in London before 8 am, only to find that the timetable showed that there were no trains that met that criterion.[4] The old Enfield Station closed to passengers in 1910 and was replaced by the present station, but remained in use as a goods depot until 1974. The surviving buildings were demolished and replaced in the 2000s with housing along a new street, Gladbeck Way.[5]

The new high level station

The platforms at Enfield Chase Station
The platforms at Enfield Chase Station

By the end of the 19th century, there was a need to relieve the pressure on the main line to the north out of Kings Cross, and a plan to continue the Enfield branch to Hertford and Stevenage was conceived. An Act of Parliament was passed in 1898, and the GNR set about acquiring and demolishing houses and compensating land owners in the area. Work on the line commenced in 1906.[6] The new Enfield Station was sited a few hundred yards to the east of the existing one, and raised above ground level so that north bound trains could access a new bridge crossing the road at Windmill Hill. It opened on 4 April 1910 for services as far as Cuffley. The first through train to Stevenage did not run until 4 March 1918, because of a host of legal and engineering difficulties, and shortages of men and material caused by World War I. The name Enfield Chase was adopted in 1924, to avoid confusion with Enfield Town station.[7]

Services

All services at Enfield Chase are operated by Great Northern using Class 717 EMUs.

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour is:[8]

Additional services call at the station during the peak hours.

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Great Northern

Connections

London Buses routes 121, 231, 307, 313, 377 and 456 serve the station.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Estimates of station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  2. ^ Padgett, David (October 2016) [1988]. Brailsford, Martyn (ed.). Railway Track Diagrams 2: Eastern (4th ed.). Frome: Trackmaps. map 24A. ISBN 978-0-9549866-8-1.
  3. ^ Baker, T F T; Pugh, R B, eds. (1976). "A History of the County of Middlesex". Victoria County History. p. 212. Archived from the original on 26 May 2011.
  4. ^ Pam, David (1992). 1837 to 1914, A Victorian Suburb. A History of Enfield. Vol. Two. Enfield Preservation Society. ISBN 0-907318-10X.
  5. ^ "Enfield". Disused Stations. Archived from the original on 6 February 2014.
  6. ^ "Great Northern Railway proposed extension route for Parish of Enfield". Exploring 20th Century London. Archived from the original on 16 June 2012.
  7. ^ White, H P (1971). Greater London. A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain. Vol. III. David & Charles. pp. 169–170. ISBN 0-946537-39-9.
  8. ^ Table 24 National Rail timetable, December 2023