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Equity feminism is a form of liberal feminism that advocates the state's equal treatment of women and men without challenging inequalities perpetuated by employers, educational and religious institutions, and other elements of society. The concept has been discussed since the 1980s. Equity feminism has been defined and classified as a kind of classically liberal or libertarian feminism, in contrast with social feminism, difference feminism, gender feminism, and equality feminism.
The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy refers to Wendy McElroy, Joan Kennedy Taylor, Cathy Young, Rita Simon, Katie Roiphe, Diana Furchtgott-Roth, Christine Stolba, and Christina Hoff Sommers as equity feminists. Camille Paglia also describes herself as an equity feminist. Christina Sommers, in particular, explored the topic of equity feminism in her book Who Stole Feminism? In this text, Sommers summarizes how the aim of equity feminism is to attain economic, educational, and political equality of opportunity.
Steven Pinker, an evolutionary and cognitive psychologist, linguist, and popular science author, identifies himself as an equity feminist, which he defines as "a moral doctrine about equal treatment that makes no commitments regarding open empirical issues in psychology or biology".
Distinctions have been made between conservative and radical forms of equity feminism. Many young conservative women have accepted equity feminism.
Anne-Marie Kinahan claims that most American women look to a kind of feminism whose main goal is equity. Louis Schubert et al. claim "principles of equity feminism remain in the vision of the vast majority of women in the United States".
The Equal Rights Amendment was proposed originally in 1923 by the National Women's Party to congress before being approved by the U.S. House of Representatives in March 1972 that would give both women and men the constitutional right to equity. The ERA was the first real political step to creating a more equitable society in America.
Equity in feminism is a branch of liberal feminism that creates a political stance assuring women's rights within or under the law. The battle for equity becomes political as many argue women and other groups who are considered oppressed are denied the same opportunities of cis-gender white males. Since the rejection of the ERA in 1972 the fight for equity has continued to grow in America and pushed for new laws that would protect women as it would have. Equity in feminism is important because it notes that women deserve the same rights. If there is no political push for a feminist equitable society it would create a statement that women are lesser than men and don't deserve the same treatment regardless of education or social class.
Despite the United States setback of equity in its constitution Europe has equity covered. In many respects, Europe has more of a progressive stance when it comes to feminist and gender equity support. Organizations in Europe were made to promote not only equality and equity however they also aimed to promote diversity while being an ally for women across the content. Europe acknowledges the lack of feminists that are publicly identified in the Americas which generates political problems compared to the European Union. Integrating feminists methods into institution levels is how European countries have been able to create or push equitable countries.
Quote: Equity-feminism differs from equality-feminism in the depth and scope of its strategic goals. A feminist revolution would pursue three goals, according to Herrad Schenk:
English translation: ...the abolition of the gender-specific division of work in the family, the dissolution of the psychic foundations of different gender roles, and the feminization of the societal system of norms and values.
Equity feminism, whether liberal, Marxist or socialist, relies on male classifications…Social feminism, whether maternal, cultural or radical, appeals to female values
we found two strands, both of which we wanted to include as political: an equity feminism seeking equal rights…and women's collective action that looked more like a social feminism
There are two dominant strains within the equality debate: "equity feminism" and "difference feminism".
Quote: I am an equity feminist - that is, I believe in equality of the sexes before the law and the removal of all obstacles to women's advance in society. However, I oppose special protections for women, which had been sought from the start by some leading feminists... I represent the pro-sex wing of feminism that has turned the tide and that is close to winning the culture wars of the past fifteen years.... And I think that a younger generation of women are no longer in sympathy with the censorious, anti-pleasure wing of feminism.
I defend the stronger or more conservative form of equity feminism…I identify these latter more radical forms of equity feminism with academic feminism
The concept of equity feminism has taken hold among many younger conservative women
Most American women subscribe philosophically to that older "First Wave" kind of feminism whose main goal is equity… A First Wave, "mainstream," or "equity" feminist wants for women what she wants for everyone…equity feminism has turned out to be a great American success story.
The principles of equity feminism remain in the vision of the vast majority of women in the United States.